Bipolar Disorder: Types, Signs, and Symptoms

A multi-emxposure image of a woman having mixed emotions.

Bipolar Disorder isn’t a rare diagnosis and a study found out that 2.6% of the population is going through some kind of bipolar disorder. Due to its rare symptoms, there are certain lows and highs of extreme changes in mood. The earliest signs of bipolar start from a young age, usually if you are a keen observer, you would be able to see certain hints of mood changes from the teenage years or early adult years. 

The signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder vary from person to person. Many of the symptoms observed can overlap with some other diagnosis, which often makes this order a little hard to diagnose. However, mania is the most prominent sign of Bipolar and can be identified through the following key signs. 

Signs of Bipolar- Mania 

  1. Losing sleep- one of the first signs is going through insomnia and a limited cycle of sleep. A person would not be able to fall asleep and may have to rely on medications for a peaceful sleep. 
  2. Talking very fast- this is another rare symptom of bipolar, which can make an introvert, shy person talk out their racing thoughts without any beat of a pause. 
  3. Impulsive and restless behavior- you will be able to see restless movements, behavior, and overall alertness into their everyday doings. 
  4. Getting distracted very easily- losing focus is another face of hypomania, for example during fast-paced conversations and restlessness, the person suddenly loses his momentum of thoughts and speech. 
  5. Exhibiting overconfidence in daily life skills and activities- this is a subtle sign which can only be felt by the third person. While such a sign can overlap with other forms of disorder, hypomania does have overconfidence as an underlying mindset 
  6. Overconfidence leading to impulsive behavior- engaging in risky behaviors and sudden behaviors which do not make sense is another trait for bipolar people. For example, indulging in reckless gambling, spontaneous sex, and spending life savings on unnecessary sprees. 

Usually, another face of mania and bipolar is depression as well. In most cases, bipolar and depression goes hands in hands. Some of the symptoms to look out for are;

  1. A sudden feeling of hopelessness and sadness.
  2. Pulling back and withdrawing from close family and friends.
  3. Losing any significant interest in fun activities that the person once used to enjoy.
  4. Having a sudden rush of suicidal thoughts or having a certain fascination with the idea of death. 
  5. Experiencing severe fatigue and disturbed eating patterns.
  6. Having a hard probe with concentrating on memory, decision making, and retaining concentration at one point. 

Like all diseases, Bipolar also has certain types, which helps specialists distinguish the severity and diagnosis of Bipolar. There are four common types of Bipolar disorder, but the most commonly diagnosed types of Bipolar are; 

  • Bipolar I
  • Bipolar II 

Bipolar 1 

The classic form of Bipolar I is categorized as ‘manic depression’. The manic phases are clear in this form of the disorder. The sudden shift in their moods and behaviors are extreme. Often at times, the sudden shift of moods makes them out of control. If not treated on time, the person may end up landing in an emergency situation if left unattended. 

The manic episodes are frequent which makes the person behave and act in unlikely ways. A person with Bipolar I will have occasional depressive episodes, however, a depressive episode isn’t required for the definite diagnosis of Bipolar I. 

Bipolar 2

Bipolar 2 is much more common than Bipolar I. Bipolar 2 symptoms are less severe than Bipolar 1 symptoms. It involves depressive symptoms but the overall symptoms are hypomanic symptoms. If treatment isn’t provided, hypomania often becomes worse without treatment. Depressive symptoms are the main focus of this kind of Bipolar. 

Other Rare Types of Bipolar Disorder 

  • Cyclothymic Disorder
  • Euthymic Disorder 

Both of these disorders are much less severe than other types. A personal experience with either of these disorders can make it through without relying upon heavy medications. Usually, therapy and good comfort from family and friends will help the person feel better about their situation. 

Usually, people with Bipolar are prescribed with heavy mood stabilizers depending on the severity of their condition. The symptoms are usually not enough for a proper bipolar diagnosis, as the symptoms may show other kinds of diagnosis. 

For a complete diagnosis, make sure you are reaching out to one of our top psychologists at Healthwire.pk by booking an online appointment.

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