Patient's Complete Guide to Depression
Overview of Depression
Signs and Symptoms of Depression
Feeling sad in a difficult period of life is quite normal. The problem arises when you have persistent sadness. It can affect your brain in a very bad manner.
Depression is a mood disorder that is quite common, affecting about 264 million people across the globe. Yearly, every one of 15 adults is affected by depression.
Women are at higher risk or depression than men. People are more likely to experience depression during the late teenage to the mid-20s. Depression is very different from the emotional response to daily life challenges. It is long-lived and makes you constantly sad for no reason.
Depression acts as a silent killer. It triggers anger and frustration which can directly affect your daily life activities and personal relationships. Depression can be moderate to extremely severe and can lead to suicide.
Types of Depression
Depression symptoms are variable depending on the age group and gender of people who are experiencing it. Some symptoms are associated with your body while others are linked with your mood. Occurrence of these symptoms on a daily basis can significantly increase your risk of suffering from depression.
Depression in Males
Male experience symptoms of depression associated with some factors such as financial and family responsibilities. Some symptoms of depression in men are:
- Overtime working
- Avoiding social contact and spending minimum time with family
- Difficulty in concentrating and completing tasks
- Authoritative behaviour and controlling family members hastily
- Being abusive to spouse and children
- Engagement in high risk-taking activities
- Anger and frustration
- Drug addiction
- Lack of sexual desire
Depression in Females
Females are more emotional as compared to males. They are highly susceptible to depression. Some symptoms of depression that often appear in females:
- Mood swings and irritability
- Fatigue and anxiety
- Loss of interest in social activities
- Altered sleep patterns
- Pessimistic approach to life
- Sudden weight loss or gain
- Body aches
- A headache and cramps
Depression in Children
Children are bad when it comes to expressing themselves with words. Children suffer depression due to the excessive burden of studies and heavy competition. Another cause of depression might be a family environment or parental issues.
Some symptoms in children are:
- Disobedient behaviour
- Low energy and lack of interest
- Loss of appetite
- Weakness and silence
- Crying and vocal outburst
Depression in Teenagers
Symptoms of depression in teenagers reflect a significant change in overall behaviour and attitude which include physical changes as well.
Some symptoms they might experience are:
- Stress and lack of concentration in studies
- Self-criticism and exaggerated reactions over trivial things
- Crying for no reason
- Conflict with peers and family members
- Feeling empty and useless with no hopes
- Temptation for suicide and restlessness
Depression in Adults
Adults try to calm down things. However, when they fail to do so then, they try to ignore it. Meanwhile, they get a mountain of frustration that turns into depression.
Depression in adults has following signs and symptoms:
- Fatigue and drained mind
- Physical pain and aches
- Sleeping a lot or not at all (insomnia)
- Feeling alone and hopelessness
- Negative thoughts
- Confusion and difficulty in decision making
Health Issues associated with Depression
Persistent depression can cause other health issues. It can make worse many other health diseases such as:
- Cardiovascular disorders
Causes of Depression
Types of depression include the following:
The depressive episode is a typical form of depression. It can develop all of a sudden or may take a few weeks. A depressive episode is characterised by persistent symptoms of depression for a period of at least two weeks or more. People going through a depressive episode are likely to have recurrent depressive disorder in their life.
Recurrent Depressive Disorder
Frequent or repeated depressive episodes lead to recurrent depressive disorder. According to a study people with recurrent depressive episodes are 40-59 years of age.
Some identified factors that are linked with this disorder include:
- Lower educational level
- Inadequate money for necessities of life
- Usage of non-prescribed antidepressants or other drugs
- Childhood abuse
- History of panic attacks
Dysthymia is a mild type of depression that can be chronic. It usually starts during adolescence and can last up to a decade or more.
This form of depression is diagnosed if symptoms persist for a minimum of two years. It affects your life more than type one due to prolonged duration. If dysthymia and depressive episodes coexist, the state is referred to as double depression.
Delusional or psychotic depression is a special form of depression. It is characterised by hallucinations and false ideas. Delusion often arises from guilt and exaggerated feelings such as inferiority, poverty, and incurable illness.
Psychotic depression if not treated on time can be a cause of suicidal thoughts. Thus, people suffering from it may need immediate treatment to minimize the side effects.
Bipolar Depression| Manic Depressive Disorder
They are less frequent and more severe types of depressive disorders. Bipolar disorder is further categorized into two subforms:
- Bipolar 1
People with this type suffer from both manic and depressive episodes. After several depressive episodes, a sudden manic episode occurs which leads to the diagnosis of bipolar depression.
Mood swings are sudden and frequent at night. Manic phases are associated with hyperactivity, irritability, reduced sleep requirements, and restlessness.
- Bipolar 2
It is a hypomanic episode. This is a less severe form of depression that doesn’t lead to any severe mental health problem. A person suffering from hypomanic and depressive episodes is diagnosed with Bipolar 2 disorder.
Atypical depression is the same as typical depression regarding the symptoms except for two i.e. overeating and oversleeping. People who suffer from atypical depression can experience mood improvements when something positive happens around them.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
People with SAD suffer from atypical depression. This depression is for a specific season mostly autumn and winter during the whole year. People usually get better at the end of their specific depressing season.
Risk Factors of Depression
Depression affects every person differently. Similarly, the cause of depression also varies according to mental health and the environment of a person.
A more severe form of depression is known as clinical depression that is also known as major depressive disorder. The medical community is unable to figure out the real cause of depression. Sometimes several factors are combined to induce depression.
Some factors that play a crucial role in depression are:
- Early childhood trauma
- Medical conditions such as chronic diseases
- Environmental, social and psychological factors
- Genetics and family history
- History of drug addiction
- Less effective frontal lobe of the brain
- Low self-confidence or inferiority complex
- Stressful relationships or economic issues
A few people are at higher risk of depression than others.
- Experiencing stressful life events such as financial problems, medical issues, work and relationship concerns
- Sustained injuries or disabilities
- Unable to develop coping strategies
- Previous episode of major depression
- Chronic illness
Feeling low at times is a part of life but it’s important to realise when things get out of control. Persistent sadness isn’t normal.
Treatment of Depression | When to Consult a Doctor
1- Physical examination where your physician can make a right diagnosis according to your clinical signs and symptoms after doing psychological assessment. A common approach is to ask some questions regarding yours:
- Sleep pattern
- Appetite changes
- Moods and thoughts
There is no particular test for diagnosing depression however many other health complications are associated with depression. A healthcare provider can conduct some tests to rule out other medical disorders that can cause depression.
Some tests include:
2- Blood tests for thyroid or vitamin D deficiency as it is considered as a potential cause of depression.
3- Brain Scan or MRI to check the electrical activity of the brain. MRI can pinpoint subtypes of depression which is helpful for treatment.
Consult with Best Doctors for Depression
Doctors to treat Depression in Pakistan
- Doctors to treat Depression in Lahore
- Doctors to treat Depression in Peshawar
- Doctors to treat Depression in Islamabad
- Doctors to treat Depression in Karachi
- Doctors to treat Depression in Gujranwala
- Doctors to treat Depression in Multan
- Doctors to treat Depression in Faisalabad
- Doctors to treat Depression in Quetta
- Doctors to treat Depression in Rawalpindi
- Doctors to treat Depression in Sargodha
- Doctors to treat Depression in Abbottabad
- Doctors to treat Depression in Hyderabad
- Doctors to treat Depression in Sialkot
- Doctors to treat Depression in Rahimyar khan
- Doctors to treat Depression in Gujrat
- Doctors to treat Depression in Jhelum
Hospitals to Treat Depression in Pakistan
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Lahore
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Peshawar
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Islamabad
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Karachi
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Gujranwala
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Multan
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Faisalabad
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Quetta
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Rawalpindi
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Sargodha
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Abbottabad
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Hyderabad
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Sialkot
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Rahimyar khan