Patient's Complete Guide to Bipolar Disorder
Overview of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder (بائی پولر ڈس آرڈر) is a mental health condition that makes an individual to have emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and lows (depression) and a feeling of severe mood swings. When the mood shifts to mania, the individual suffering might feel euphoric and unusually energetic, and irritable. On the other hand, as the mood shifts to depression, the one suffering becomes extremely sad and hopeless and loses interest in the activities that he/she once loved.
Some individuals can have multiple episodes of these extreme mood swings and some experience them rarely. Some people with bipolar might also have emotional symptoms that occur between the episodes.
Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
The symptoms of bipolar disorder vary from person to person. In some people the episodes of high and lows have a set pattern and others just switch to any of the two within minutes. Some people might have the same state (manic or depressed) before switching to the opposite mood. The severity of the symptoms however depends and varies from person to person.
Symptoms of the highs (Maniac)
- Sudden change from being angry or irritable to being joyful
- Unneeded hopefulness and excitement
- Impulsive behavior
- Less Appetite and sleep
- Substance abuse
- Poor concentration and rapid
- Easy Distraction
- Poor judgment skills
- High sex drive than usual making unrealistic plans that are difficult to execute
Symptoms of lows (depression)
- Extreme sadness
- Less sex drive
- Low energy levels
- Uncontrollable crying
- Constant Anxiety
- Thoughts of suicide and death
- Loss of concentration
- Urge to sleep more
- Changes in appetite causing weight gain or loss
Types of Bipolar Disorder
There are four major types of bipolar disorder. These are:
In this type of bipolar disorder, individuals have extreme behavior patterns called “ups” for at least a week that need to be handled with medical care. And extreme “downs” are also observed that can last for at least 2 weeks.
Patients with bipolar II, experience the same highs and lows but they are less extreme compared to Bipolar I.
Unspecified Bipolar Disorder
Unspecified bipolar disorder describes conditions where a person shows symptoms of manic or hypomanic episodes that don’t last long. For this reason, it is called “other specified” or “unspecified” bipolar disorder.
Cyclothymic Bipolar disorder refers to manic behaviors that last for 1 year in children or teens and around 2 years in adults. The symptoms shown by individuals with Cyclothymic Bipolar Disorder are less intense as compared to bipolar I and II.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
There is no one cause of bipolar disorder that causes the condition, however, experts and researchers are still trying to find the exact cause of bipolar disorder. There can be a role of genetics which means if anyone in the family had bipolar disorder already, their kids are likely to suffer from it too. The development of the brain can also play an important role, however, research has taken place to find the exact cause of the bipolar disorder.
Risk Factors of Bipolar Disorder
There are a few factors that can lead to experiencing the first episode of a bipolar episode, including:
- A traumatic event i.e death of a loved one
- Drug abuse
- Having a close (parents or siblings) with the disorder can increase the risk of bipolar disorder
There is no way bipolar disorder can be prevented. But talking to a mental health professional as soon as you feel your mental health deteriorating can help you prevent your bipolar disorder from getting worse. If you are suffering from bipolar disorder then it is important to prevent the initial symptoms of bipolar disorder. These can be done by:
Avoiding Substance Abuse
The use of recreational drugs can play a huge role in making the symptoms of bipolar worse and can cause more recurring episodes. Avoiding the use of substances can help you prevent symptoms of bipolar disorders.
Be Aware of the warning signs
Being aware of the symptoms can make you avoid the more intense episodes of bipolar disorder. Help yourself by identifying the triggers and the warning signs before an episode.
Don’t Miss your Medication
Stopping the use of medication or changing the dose on your own can result in worsening the symp[toms of bipolar, so it is important to take the prescribed medication.
Diagnosis of bipolar disorder depends on each individual’s symptoms. Your health care provider will ask about the symptoms and your episodes and will try to make a proper diagnosis.
Treatment of Bipolar Disorder | When to Consult a Doctor
Bipolar Disorder treatment involves a combination of different therapies that can stabilize mood and reduce symptoms. The treatment helps a lot in leading an effective and healthy life.
The treatment combinations used for treatment include:
Mental health professionals prescribe different medications that can help in managing extreme mood swings and managing symptoms. The doctors usually prescribe mood stabilizers, anti-anxiety medicines, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants to relieve mania.
Counseling and psychotherapy can help a person a lot in managing bipolar disorder. Cognitive Behavior Therapy and many other approaches can be used by doctors to reduce the symptoms from worsening. By counseling, a patient can learn to:
- Identify the triggers beforehand to avoid an episode
- Work on the things that help in stabilizing moods
- Talk it out with the family and relatives
- Recognize early symptoms of bipolar in order to stabilize mood
There are some lifestyle changes that can help individuals with bipolar disorder to manage their symptoms well. These can be:
- Taking a healthy and balanced diet
- Keeping a regular routine
- Getting regular exercise
- A regular sleeping pattern
Your doctor may prescribe you supplements that can be used to treat your deficiencies that might lead to mood swings.
Consult with Best Doctors for Bipolar Disorder
Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Pakistan
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Lahore
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Peshawar
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Islamabad
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Karachi
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Gujranwala
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Multan
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Faisalabad
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Quetta
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Rawalpindi
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Sargodha
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Abbottabad
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Hyderabad
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Sialkot
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Rahimyar khan
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Gujrat
- Doctors to treat Bipolar Disorder in Jhelum
Hospitals to Treat Bipolar Disorder in Pakistan
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Lahore
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Peshawar
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Islamabad
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Karachi
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Gujranwala
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Multan
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Faisalabad
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Quetta
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Rawalpindi
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Sargodha
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Abbottabad
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Hyderabad
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Sialkot
- Psychiatrist Hospitals in Rahimyar khan