According to the CDC, poor eyesight is one of the increasing disease disorders around the world. It is becoming a common health issue among young people mainly due to unhealthy lifestyle habits. There are many factors that lead to poor vision such as age, genetics and environment. Also, especially this digital era as well, where screens continuously surround you, and it is easy to develop an unhealthy habit.
There are many common unhealthy habits you may have adopted that can cause bad eyesight. You have to notice these habits, change them and maintain a healthy lifestyle for your better eye health. Following are the 7 Bad Habits that can lead to much weak eyesight or even severe eye disease
1. Overuse of Smartphones
Spending too much time on your smartphones or even on laptop and television can be harmful to your eyes. Blinking is good for your eyes, as it provides sufficient lubrication which is necessary for your eye cleaning. However, blinking is greatly reduced while using any electronic device. Excessive time on all these screen-based devices can give you severe eye strain symptoms which include burning eyes, headache, disrupted sleep and even blurred vision. Severe eye strain can also cause permanent eyesight problems.
Researchers from Harvard Medical School and the University of Toledo reported having found the harmful effects of the blue light emitted from the screens of laptops, tablets and even smartphones. This blue-light leads to a severe macular degeneration or loss of vision by stimulating the growth of “Poisonous Molecules” in your eyes.
2. Insufficient Sleep
Having a proper sleeping routine is important. According to the research published in the journal of Nature and Science of Sleep an average person needs 6-8 hours of daily sleep to function properly and to keep their immune system in check. Lack of proper sleep can really put a strain on your eyes leading to severe eye strain, eye fatigue, dark circles and eyes can even become red, bloodshot and one may lose eyesight over time. Therefore sleep is needed as it not only provides lubrication to the eyes and ease the strain but also recover your eyes from a long day of use. So, 6-8 hours of sleep not only will improve your eyesight but it can affect your overall health in a positive manner.
3. Unhealthy Diet and Eating Habits
Like you have always heard, you become what you eat and that carrots are good for your eyes health. Then, you have heard right as unhealthy diet and bad eating habits can affect your vision. But, not only just carrots, there are other vegetables and fruits that are good for the eyes. Fruits and Vegetables especially the yellow and orange coloured ones, they are rich in zinc, mega-3 fatty acids, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and high in beta carotene, these all nutrients are extremely beneficial for healthy eyesight. Dark green leafy vegetables also have nutrients such as zeaxanthin and lutein which helps in reducing the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration. Fish, eggs, nuts and other seafood is also good for your eyesight.
4. Drinking insufficient Water- Not Proper Hydration for Body
Staying hydrated is necessary for a healthy body and mind. Even, it is essential for your eyes to keep your eyes well lubricated and produce tears to reduce friction and strain in the eyes. So if you are drinking less water, you are dehydrating your whole body and especially eyes, thus stopping them to produce tears, which is essential for the nourishment and moisture for your eyes. If you are dehydrated, your eyes will become red, dry and puffy which makes you look unhealthy and unattractive.
5. Excessive Rubbing of Eyes
Excessive rubbing your eyes might seem to give you a soothing effect for your strained eyes. Like others, you might also like to believe that rubbing your eyes frequently won’t affect your eyesight. However, you need to avoid this temptation. You are increasing the risk of getting various eye infections and even allergic conjunctivitis due to this habit that can further lead to “Keratoconus”. Keratoconus is the reshaping and thinning of the cornea, and it’ll appear round to cone in this condition. In the longer run, it can cause loss of eyesight. This habit can even worsen pre-existing eye diseases such as glaucoma and myopia. If you rub your eyes excessively, you can even break the thin blood vessels that are under your eyelids. Try avoiding this habit and it’s better to soothe the irritation in eyes by using a cold compress.
6. Dim Light- Not using Proper Light can lead to weak eyesight
You might have noticed that some of the use either dim light or excessively bright light while working. Both of these habits are harmful for the eyes. Excessive bight light can cause glare and dim light can put extra strain on your eyes making it difficult for your eyes to focus, leading to severe kind of eye fatigue. So, if you working or reading it is better to have a lamp on your workplace to reduce the strain in your eyes. In fact, proper light becomes much more necessary when you are watching television or using smartphones, tablets and laptops as the blue light emitting from them is harmful to eyes and you may end up having weak eyesight or severe retina problems.
Smoking is injurious to your health. There are numerous reasons why you should never smoke. Throat cancer and lung cancer, both are common harmful health issues due to smoking. But, have you ever thought that how smoking can affect your eyesight? If not, then this is the right time. Smoking or using any other tobacco products can cause severe cataracts, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis and various other serious eye diseases. According to the research, smoking not only weaken your immune system but the smokers can have about 4 times higher risk of becoming blind as compared to those who don’t smoke.
Apart from the aforementioned habits, not wearing sunglasses regularly can expose your eyes to be affected by harmful high- energy visible (HEV) and Ultra Violet (UV) rays. Wearing contact lenses is yet another factor which can affect eye health because when you are wearing them, the oxygen supply in your eyes gets limited. The longer you wear them the higher the risk. When the oxygen becomes limited in eyes, the cornea of the eye swells up which can create and expose a small gap from where the bacteria can enter and cause various eye infections and increase the risk of keratitis. Long term use of contact lenses can also negatively affect the eyesight. Therefore, it is recommended to remove contact lenses before sleeping. You should also get your eyes regularly checked by an Eye Specialist.