Your primary healthcare provider can suggest one of the following treatment methodologies:
Our body tends to produce histamine during an allergic reaction. The intake of these over-the-counter medicines blocks the production of histamine. These medicines come in the form of liquids, eye drops, pills, nasal sprays, and inhalers. Some of the best examples are:
Make sure to not drink alcohol while you are taking these antihistamines. These medicines can lead to drowsiness.
Corticosteroid Nasal Sprays
These nasal sprays are known to reduce inflammation and thus can relieve the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. The common corticosteroid nasal sprays are:
Common Side Effects of Corticosteroid Nasal Sprays are:
- Nasal irritation
- Nose bleeds
This treatment makes sure to boost the immune capacity of the patient. A series of injections are given which also contain small amounts of allergen. Every time the patient gets a shot, the doctor slightly increases the amount of the allergen. With the passage of time immune system successfully develops immunity against the allergen and stops causing serious reactions.
These drugs help to reduce congestion in the nose or the sinuses. The method of intake is either orally or in the form of sprays. Examples of decongestants are:
- Afrin nasal spray
- Phenylephrine nasal sprays
Side Effects of Allergic Rhinitis
The side effects of decongestants are as follows:
The body tends to release histamine as well as leukotriene during the onset of an allergic reaction. These pills are available only on prescription.
Side effects of Leukotriene Inhibitors
People may experience the following side effects if they are taking these inhibitors:
- Vivid dreams
- Mood swings
- Involuntary muscle movements
- Skin rashes