There are different forms of treatments that can help greatly in treating Autism Spectrum Disorder. These can be,
All of these are explained below.
Developmental approaches are used to improve developmental skills that include, physical skills, interconnected developmental skills, and language skills. One of the most commonly used therapy for developmental purposes is Speech and Language Therapy. This therapy particularly helps in improving the speech and language of the person suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder.
There are other developmental therapies as well. These include,
Occupational Therapy: Occupational Therapy teaches the person suffering to live n independent life. This therapy improves skills like bathing, eating, dressing, and people’s relation. Other forms of Occupational Therapies include:
Physical Therapy can help in the improvement of the fingers, trunk, and overall body.
Sensory Integration Therapy
This helps a lot in the management of responses that occur as a result of sensory input that might be restrictive.
The use of behavioral approaches to treating Autism Spectrum Disorder is widely accepted among healthcare professionals. One of the most used behavioral approaches to treat Autism is called Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). This approach helps in encouraging desired behaviors and helps in eradicating undesired behaviors in order to improve a number of skills.
There are further two more types of Applied Behavior Analysis called:
- Discrete Trial Training
- Pivotal Response Training
Discrete Trial Training
A step-by-step approach is followed during Discrete Trial Training to improve responses and behaviors. Desired behaviors are rewarded and undesired ones are ignored.
Pivotal Response Training
It is usually taken place in a very natural setting rather than in a clinic. The goal of this training is to bring improvements in the skills that help learn other skills.
Psychological approaches are used to treat the pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. One of the best therapies used for this purpose is Cognitive Behavior Therapy.
There is no specific medicine that can be used to treat Autism Spectrum Disorder, but there are some medications that can be consumed in order to manage the symptoms like hyperactivity, seizures, depression, anxiety, and sleep problems that come along with Autism Spectrum Disorder.