Bad Breath

Overview of Bad Breath

Bad Breath Meaning in Urdu

سانس کی بو کوئی بیماری نہیں ہے بلکہ مختلف عادات کی وجہ سے لاحق ہونے والا ایک مسئلہ ہے جس سے آسانی کے ساتھ چھٹکارا پایا جا سکتا ہے۔ اگر آپ صبح اٹھ کر دانتوں کو برش نہ کریں تو سارا دن سانس کی بو کا سامنا کرنا پڑتا ہے۔ اس کی وجہ سے بعض اوقات منہ کا ذائقہ بھی کڑوا ہو جاتا ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ کئی طبی مسائل اور ادویات کے استعمال کی وجہ سے بھی سانس کی بو کا سامنا کرنا پڑ سکتا ہے۔ سانس کی بو سے نجات حاصل کرنے کے لیے چیونگم وغیرہ استعمال کرنے کا مشورہ دیا جاتا ہے۔

Bad breath  (سانس کی بدبو), also known as halitosis, is the bad odour or smell that comes from your mouth while communicating or talking with someone. Use of mouthwash and other oral products can minimize the bad breath temporarily but it does not treat the main cause of the problem. Halitosis is itself a sign of serious health conditions that need to be diagnosed early.

Health conditions and lifestyle choices also contribute to the causes of bad breath.

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Signs and Symptoms of Bad Breath

Some Halitosis symptoms include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Thick saliva
  • Constant bitter metallic taste
  • Buildup around teeth
  • White coating on the back of the tongue
  • Burning tongue
  • Morning bad breath

Types of Bad Breath

Causes of Bad Breath

Most of the common causes start in your mouth. Some other causes may contribute to bad breath, such as:

Poor Dental Hygiene

Brushing your teeth or flossing can help to remove the food particles from your teeth. If a person does not brush or floss regularly, these particles of food remain in the mouth and lead to a sticky film of bacteria forming on the teeth. The plaque irritates the gums and may develop gum disease, like periodontal. Bacteria also sticks to the tongue which causes bad breath.


Intake of medicines leads to many side effects, including dry mouth. It is also a cause of bad breath. Some chemicals are produced when a person takes medicine that is a direct causing factor of bad breath.

Dry Mouth

Saliva does a good job to remove the particles from your mouth. When the production of saliva is low, it causes a dry mouth that does not perform the cleansing process. Salivary glands and other diseases may also develop the signs of dry mouth that are directly linked to bad breath.

Mouth Infection

An infection in the mouth due to different reasons can also cause bad breath. For example, tooth extraction or any surgical wounds can cause an infection in the mouth.

Chewing Tobacco Products

Chewing tobacco or smoking directly causes a bad odor. Such habits increase the chances of gum diseases that are directly linked to bad breath.


The breakdown of foods increases the risk of bacteria in the mouth. Some specific foods cause bad breathe, such as onion, garlic, and other spices. When a person consumes these foods, it goes to the bloodstream and is carried to the lungs, which leads to bad breath.

Mouth, Nose, and Throat Conditions

The causes may include tonsils or bacteria presence. Sinus infections or throat problems also affect your mouth odor. Long-term inflammation in the nose can also contribute to causing bad breath.

Other Causes of Bad Breath

Some serious diseases like cancer cause bad breath. It occurs when these diseases produce chemicals in the body. Stomach acids for a long time are also linked to mouth odor.


Risk Factors of Bad Breath



Given below are some helpful prevention:

  • When you have your meal, brush your teeth to remove the food particles. Apply the toothbrush that contains antibacterial ingredients
  • Teeth and tongue both need cleansing. Bacteria stick to the tongue and cause bad breath
  • Wearing dentures means you need to clean them once a day. Always wash it before you put it in the mouth
  • Stay hydrated and avoid chewing tobacco or smoking to prevent dry mouth
  • Choose a toothbrush with soft-bristled and change it every three months
  • Visit the dentist regularly to check if there is any plaque buildup that can lead to gum disease.
  • Avoid the consumption of foods, like onion, garlic, and sugary foods.


Scrapping the tongue to diagnose the smell source is also a part of the checkup. Some bad breath detectors are used to check the chemicals that produce bad breath.

Treatment of Bad Breath | When to Consult a Doctor

The best way to treat bad breath is to prevent the formation of cavities that reduce the risk of gum diseases. It can happen when a person follows a good oral hygiene practice. Once the cause is diagnosed, the dentists will suggest the right specialist treat it. If the cause is related to oral health, the following measure can be performed:

Dental Disease Treatment

Periodontists deal with gum diseases. These diseases cause the gums to pull away from your teeth. It leaves the deep gaps that allow the bacteria to enter contributing to bad breath. A fault tooth restoration may be performed if the condition is severe.


The buildup of bacteria is responsible for plaque. Mouth rinses and some toothpaste contain the ingredients like antibacterial agents that kill the bacteria to prevent plaque buildup.