Bleeding Gums

Overview of Bleeding Gums

Bleeding Gums Meaning in Urdu

مسوڑھوں کی یہ بیماری خطرناک تو نہیں ہوتی، تاہم اس کی وجہ سے کافی مشکلات کا سامنا کرنا پڑ سکتا ہے۔ کیوں کہ مسوڑھوں کے مسائل کی وجہ سے انسان کئی غذائیں جیسا کہ ٹھنڈا اور گرم کھانے سے قاصر ہو جاتا ہے۔ اس بیماری کی بنیادی وجہ پلیک ہے، پلیک ان جراثیم کو کہا جاتا ہے جو مسوڑھوں کے گرد جمع ہو کر مختلف بیماریوں کی وجہ بنتے ہیں۔ مسوڑھوں کی یہ بیماری لاحق ہونے کی صورت میں ہر روز دانتوں کو اچھے طریقے سے برش کرنے کا مشورہ دیا جاتا ہے تا کہ ان سے مسائل سے نجات حاصل کی جا سکے۔

Bleeding gums ( منہ سے خون آنا) refers to the condition when there are Inflamed or irritated pink tissues around the mouth. It is one of the common oral hygiene problems but it often points to some underlying health conditions.

A common cause of bleeding gums is brushing teeth vigorously. Otherwise, it may refer to the symptoms of some other health conditions, like lack of red blood clotting, vitamin deficiency, malnutrition, etc.

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Signs and Symptoms of Bleeding Gums

There are no such signs and symptoms of bleeding gums as it is itself a sign of many other health conditions. But regular bleeding from the gums indicates that it may be a sign of gum disease.

Types of Bleeding Gums

Causes of Bleeding Gums

Brushing the teeth hardly can lead to swollen, red, and bleeding gums. The following are some other causes that can lead to bleeding gums, such as:


Periodontal disease is a chronic gum infection, also referred to as periodontitis. It affects the bone and tissues of the teeth surrounding it that provide protection. Periodontal disease causes gum infections that make your gums swollen and inflamed. Such swollen gums detach the teeth' roots. One of the common signs of periodontal disease is to have rapid gum bleeding.


Leukemia is a form of blood cancer that leads to different symptoms and signs, including bleeding gums. When there is a poor count of platelets, it will not prevent bleeding gums. Leukemia affects the platelets in the blood. A lack of platelets in the blood does not assist in stopping bleeding.


The buildup of plaque on teeth causes bleeding gums. During pregnancy, women are at higher risk of getting swollen and sore gums due to hormonal changes. This condition is also known as pregnancy gingivitis.


Poor nutrition leads to vitamin C deficiency in the body. Vitamin C deficiency is linked to scurvy that also causes some symptoms, like causing anemia, skin bleeding, and gum bleeding.

Hemophilia or Von Willebrand Disease

Extreme bleeding caused by even a minor cut or dental procedure shows that you may have hemophilia disease. This disease does not allow your blood to clot properly which leads to bleeding.

Bleeding gums are also a sign of having Von Willebrand disease.


Swollen or bleeding gums may be a sign of diabetes. The mouth fights off germs to prevent infections. Type 1 and 2 diabetes may interfere with fighting off germs. It also increases the risk of bleeding gums that do not allow the body to heal properly or quickly.


Gingivitis or gum inflammation causes the gums to bleed. It occurs when there is a plaque buildup on the gum line. Dentists can diagnose gingivitis if the gums become swollen, red, and sore. It makes you experience regular tooth bleeding while brushing your teeth.


Risk Factors of Bleeding Gums

The following risk factors can lead to bleeding gums:

  • Older age
  • Poor oral hygiene habits
  • Dry mouth
  • Unhealthy nutrition, or vitamin deficiency
  • Dental restoration
  • Chewing tobacco or smoking



Given below are the prevention tips for bleeding gums.

  • Rinse your mouth with hydrogen peroxide to remove dental plaque
  • Quit smoking or chewing tobacco to prevent gum diseases
  • Increase the intake of vitamin C to heal the gums
  • Adopt good oral hygiene to prevent bleeding gums
  • Apply a cold compress to reduce swelling
  • Try to drink green tea to reverse periodontal disease
  • Use saltwater to rinse the mouth as it reduces the bacteria
  • Eat vitamin K-rich foods, like green cabbage, etc. to help blood clot.


A visual examination helps to diagnose the bleeding gum disease. Oral cavity examination allows for checking other symptoms, like swollen gums, receding gum lines, cavities, and light bleeding using the dental equipment. The teeth may look normal or there is no cavity found. In such a case, the doctor may suggest a blood test to diagnose the main cause.

Medical history is also required to get an accurate diagnosis.

Treatment of Bleeding Gums | When to Consult a Doctor

A healthy lifestyle may prevent bleeding gums or gum diseases. The following treatments can help to minimize the risk:

  • Visit the dentist for regular checkups
  • Change the toothbrush every 3 months and choose a soft brush
  • Quit smoking by following some helpful strategies
  • Follow good oral healthcare to prevent plaque buildup
  • Brush your teeth properly if you have been diagnosed with gingivitis
  • An antiseptic mouthwash can minimize plaque build-up
  • Rinse warm salt water to soothe swollen gums

If the gums bleeding does not go away in 7 to 10 days, you should see a dentist.