Bone fracture treatment depends on the severity of the injury. Bone healing is the natural process in which bone is healed automatically. Hence, there are many ways to treat a bone fracture. For example, fracture reduction is done through manipulation, closed reduction (pulling the bone fragments), or surgery. General anaesthesia may also be used in treatment.
Immobilization –is the technique in which bones must be aligned together in order to heal them. It is further divided into four techniques:
- Plaster casts or plastic functional braces- In this, fitting plaster is applied to restrict the movement of broken bone so that the fracture gets enough time to heal.
- Metal plates and screws – Minimally invasive techniques to treat fractures.
- Intra-medullary nails – In this method, internal metal rods are displaced from the centre of long bones. In the case of children, elastic wires may be used for treating fractures.
- External fixators – These are made up of metal or carbon fibre. They have steel pins that insert into the bone directly through the skin and make the scaffold outside the body to treat the fracture.
Generally, the area of fractured bone remains immobilized for 2-8 weeks. The duration depends on how much bone is affected and complications such as infection or irregular blood supply you have.
Besides this, another technique physical therapy is required after the bone healing process. This is done to strengthen the muscles and to improve bone movement in the affected area. If a fracture is on a joint it might be difficult to bend the joint or if the skin and soft tissue were damaged around the injured bone or joint then plastic surgery is necessary.
Ultrasound therapy is one of the latest techniques that is used in low intensity to the affected area that heals the fracture. Bone graft therapy is another advanced fracture treatment. In this technique, natural or synthetic bone is inserted to move and heal the broken bone. As per current research studies, stem cells therapy is one of the highly advanced therapy. This stem cell is used to treat difficult fractures.