Patient's Complete Guide to Burning Micturition (Dysuria)
Overview of Burning Micturition (Dysuria)
Burning micturition is not a disease, but a symptom of various kinds of infections. A person feels a burning sensation after urination, due to infectious, non-infectious, or other medical conditions. It is also known as “Dysuria”.
Burning micturition is commonly caused by bacteria affecting the urinary tract. It is associated with other symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) such as dysuria, blood in urine, etc.
Women also suffer from burning micturition after intercourse or during pregnancy.
In rare conditions, burning micturition also occurs after urination without any infection.
Signs and Symptoms of Burning Micturition (Dysuria)
Symptoms of the burning micturition are as follows:
- Hematuria (Blood in the urine)
- Increased intensity of urination
- Vesical tenesmus – the feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder after urination
- Urinary incontinence is the involuntary release of urine
- Post-micturition dropping –passing out of the small amount of urine after urinating
- Difficulty in urination
- Abnormalities in urinary discharge– cloudy urine, foamy urine, strong-smelly urine
- Hematospermia in men (blood in the semen)
- Pelvic pain
- Lower abdominal pain
Causes of Burning Micturition (Dysuria)
It is caused by various factors. Following are some of the common causes of burning micturition are:
- Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): It is typically caused by bacterial infections of the urinary tract. A bacteria is attached to the inner membrane of the urethra, as it spreads, it may damage the other parts of the urinary tract.
Besides the burning pain, other symptoms of a urinary tract infection often include:
- Pain during urination
- Urine colour changes
- Increased frequency of urination
- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI): These are bacterial infections such as genital herpes, chlamydia, and gonorrhoea. It is associated with the presence of vaginal discharge, genital sores, and itchiness of the groin area.
- Vaginal Yeast Infection: It is the most common infection among women and is also known as thrush. It may produce a burning sensation during urination, itchiness, and redness surrounded by the vaginal area.
- Urethral Stricture: It typically affects men and causes the urethra to narrow because of inflammation of tissue or scar tissue. Due to this, there is difficulty in urination and causes tissue irritation that results in a burning sensation.
- Bacterial Vaginosis: This happens when the number of certain bacteria is increased in the vagina and normal microflora is disturbed.
- Vaginal Tears: Unhealthy and rigorous sessions of intercourse can disrupt the vaginal tissues. As the urine passes and comes in contact with the scars, it can cause pain and a burning sensation. It also occurs after childbirth.
- Over Usage of Vaginal Hygiene Products: By the over usage of these vaginal products, the natural PH of the vagina is disturbed and the burning sensation is increased to a greater extent. It also causes irritation due to the sensitive vaginal skin. Generally, the vagina is a good self-cleaner and doesn't require these products.
- Atrophic Vaginitis: A post-menopausal symptom occurs due to abnormal hormone levels. As a result, the vulva and vagina become thin, which causes burning and irritation during sex, urination, or just spontaneously.
Risk Factors of Burning Micturition (Dysuria)
Risk factors of Burning Micturition include:
- Prostatic hypertrophy
- Diabetes mellitus
Health Complications of Burning Micturition
If you have a burning urine sensation due to kidney infections, it may result in:
Emphysematous pyelonephritis – A rare but fatal complication that involves kidney tissue damage.
Blood poisoning or sepsis – A rare but serious health complication that spreads from kidneys to bloodstreams.
Kidney abscesses – It involves the pus accumulation in kidney tissues.
Prevention is the key and the following tips can protect you against burning urine sensation.
- Drink plenty of water
- Choose barrier method during intercourse
- Eliminate the intake of the food and drinks that can cause irritation
- Steer clear toiletries and detergents
A urologist will ask your medical history and questions regarding the urinary inflammatory disease, its symptoms, and family history. Your doctor will also check your temperature if you suffer from a fever. This will help to diagnose the reason for burning micturition.
For further diagnosis and find the root cause of burning micturition, your doctor will recommend the following tests:
- Urine Sample Test: This test is conducted for bacteria and white blood cells to check whether the body is producing defensive agents against infection or not.
- Imaging Tests: CT (computerized tomography) scan or MRI (Magnetic Resonance imaging) will diagnose the abnormalities in the urinary tract by viewing the detailed picture of it.
- Cystoscopy: It is the device in which a camera is attached with a long, thin tube that allows them to look inside the urethra and bladder for infection markers.
Treatment of Burning Micturition (Dysuria) | When to Consult a Doctor
Medical treatment of the burning micturition depends on the underlying cause, diagnosis and severity of the disease.
If the burning micturition is mild or moderate and does not relate to the chronic complications of the urinary tract then people can benefit from the home remedies. These are the best home remedies for burning micturition that everyone can try at home.
- Drink a Lot of Water: Dehydration is also a cause of burning micturition, especially in winters. However, drinking adequate amounts of water passes enough urine through the kidneys that keep the foreign invaders away from the urinary tract. It is significant to drink two to three glasses of water at very short intervals.
- Drink Cranberry Juice: It is highly effective to cure mild UTI symptoms. It is considered that the citric acid-containing cranberries kill UTI-causing bacteria.
- Coconut Water: Helps to relieve dehydration that reduces the burning urine. It also keeps the body fluid in balance.
- Using Condoms During Sexual Intercourse: Condoms can reduce the risk of urinary tract infections during intercourse.
- Stop Holding the Urine: Holding the urine triggers the growth of harmful bacteria. Therefore, avoid doing this.
- Blueberries: These are rich in antioxidants that eliminate bacteria and cause infection healing.
To treat bladder cancer, some medications are used which can lead to inflammation and irritation of bladder tissues. Your doctor will prescribe the medicines according to your health conditions.