Patient's Complete Guide to Cerebral Herniation

Overview of Cerebral Herniation

Cerebral herniation, also known as brain herniation occurs when brain tissue, blood, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shift from their normal position inside the skull.

Signs and Symptoms of Cerebral Herniation

Cerebral herniation, also known as brain herniation, occurs when brain tissue, blood, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shift from their normal position inside the skull.
This is a life-threatening condition and requires immediate medical assistance.
Swelling as a result of head injury, stroke, bleeding, or brain tumor are some of the causes of cerebral herniation.

Types of Cerebral Herniation

Signs and symptoms of brain herniation include:

  • Dilated pupil
  • Headache
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Loss of reflexes
  • Seizures
  • Abnormal body movements, abnormal body postures
  • Heart attack
  • Coma
  • Loss of consciousness

Causes of Cerebral Herniation

The position to where brain tissue has displaced determines the type of cerebral herniation. It can be classified into three categories:

  • Subfalcine - this is the most common type of brain herniation. Under normal circumstances, the brain tissue moves under a membrane called the falx cerebri in the middle of the brain. In this condition, the tissue ends up pushed to one side.
  • Transtentorial herniation - this can be further divided into:
  • Descending transtentorial or uncal - this is the second most common type of cerebral herniation. The uncus is basically a part of the temporal lobe that is shifted downward into an area called the posterior fossa.
  • Ascending transtentorial herniation - in this type, the cerebellum and the brainstem move a little upward in a membrane known as the tentorium cerebelli.
  • Cerebellar tonsillar - there is a natural opening at the base of our skull. This is where the spinal cord connects to the brain. In this type, the cerebral tonsils move downward towards this opening.

Risk Factors of Cerebral Herniation

It commonly occurs due to swelling. The swelling puts pressure in the brain which causes them to move away from their normal position.
The common causes of brain herniation are:

  • Head injury
  • Stroke
  • Brain hemorrhage
  • Brain tumor

Some other possible reasons can be:

  • Presence of abscess
  • Fluid buildup in the brain
  • Brain surgery
  • A defect in the brain can also cause this

Prevention

Brain herniation is a serious condition and its complications can include:

  • Brain death
  • Heart attack
  • Permanent brain damage
  • Coma
  • Death

Healthcare Providers

Consult with Best Doctors for Cerebral Herniation

Prof. Dr. Shahzad Shams, Neurosurgeon
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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Syed Shahzad Hussain, Neurosurgeon
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Prof. Dr. Muhammad Athar Javed, Neurologist
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Prof. Dr. Nazir Ahmad, Neurosurgeon
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Dr. Saeed Ahmad Bajwa, Neurosurgeon
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Dr. Anjum Habib Vohra, Neurosurgeon
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Dr. Asim Mahmood, Neurosurgeon
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Dr. Asim Mahmood

Dr. Amer Ikram, Neurologist
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Dr. Amer Ikram

Dr. Aamir Aziz, Neurosurgeon
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Dr. Aamir Aziz

Dr. Muhammad Khurrum Ishaque, Neurosurgeon
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Speciality for Cerebral Herniation

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