Dengue Fever

Overview of Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever Meaning in Urdu

ڈینگی بخار ایک خاص قسم کے مچھر کے کاٹنے کی وجہ سے لاحق ہوتا ہے۔ یہ ایک متعدی مرض نہیں ہے اس لیے یہ ایک شخص سے دوسرے میں منتقل نہیں ہوتا۔ اگر یہ وائرس لاحق ہو جائے تو شدید بخار کا سامنا کرنا پڑتا ہے، جب کہ اس کی دوسری علامات میں قے، متلی، پٹھوں کا درد، اور جِلد کے مسائل شامل ہیں۔ ڈینگی بخار کی وجہ سے پلیٹ لیٹس تیزی سے کم ہونے لگتے ہیں جس سے مریض موت کا بھی شکار ہو سکتا ہے۔ اس لیے ڈینگی کا شکار مریضوں کو ایسی غذائیں استعمال کرنے کا مشورہ دیا جاتا ہے جن سے پلیٹ لیٹس کی مقدار کم نہ ہو۔

Dengue fever (ڈینگی بخار ) is also known as breakbone fever. It is a mosquito-borne infection that might look a lot blike the common cold or malaria. But it can lead to serious health complications. It is a common infection in tropical areas. The severe form of dengue fever is also known as hemorrhagic fever. If left untreated dengue fever can lead to serious bleeding, a drop in blood pressure which can prove to be fatal.

Signs and Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Most of the time people do not show signs or symptoms of dengue fever. And when symptoms do occur they can be mistaken for a common cold or flu. Dengue fever can cause a high fever of 104 F pr 40 C. some common signs or symptoms of dengue fever are as follows:

  • Headaches
  • muscle, bone, or joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash

People can get recover from dengue fever in a week or two. But in some cases, the infections might worsen and then lead to severe health issues. The warning signs of severe dengue fever are as follows:

  • Stomachache
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Blood in urine, stool, or vomit
  • Bleeding under the skin which might also look like bruising
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability or restlessness
  • Bleeding from gums or nose

Types of Dengue Fever

Causes of Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is commonly caused by one of the four types of dengue viruses. The mosquitoes that cause dengue fever are very common in and around human surroundings. When a mosquito bites a human, the virus gets transferred to the human blood. A mosquito can then become the carrier of the virus by biting an infected human. This is how the virus transfers.


Risk Factors of Dengue Fever

The common risk factors of dengue fever are as follows:

Living in Tropical Areas

As mosquitoes tend to multiply faster in the tropical regions, thus the rate of this virus transfer is higher in those regions. Furthermore, people living in those areas are also at a greater risk.

History of Dengue Fever

A previous history of dengue fever put a person at a greater risk of dengue fever.

Complications of Dengue Fever

A severe case of dengue fever can lead to internal bleeding which can then cause organ damage. It can also cause low blood pressure levels which can prove to be fatal.

Dengue fever during pregnancy can put the child at risk as well. Furthermore, women who get dengue fever during pregnancy are also at a higher risk of pre-term birth, low birth weight, and some other fetal diseases.



Some common preventions of dengue fever are as follows:


In those areas of the world where dengue fever is quite common. Vaccinations have been approved for people between the ages of 9 and 45. This vaccine is administered in three steps over the course of 12 months.

But this disease is only recommended for those who previously had a history of dengue fever.

Prevention of Mosquito Bite

In case you are a resident of those areas where dengue fever is quite common, you can make use of the given preventions:

Air-Conditioned or well-screened Houses

Pay attention to this aspect that your house is well-lit and airy.

Protective Clothes

Avoid wearing half sleeves shirts or shorts. Try to wear a long-sleeved shirt, long pants, socks, and shoes.

Use Mosquito Repellent

Try to use mosquito repellents on your clothes, shoes, camping gear, and bedsheets. You can also consult your doctor to suggest a mosquito repellent that you can try on your skin.



The signs and symptoms of dengue fever can look a lot like a common cold, typhoid fever, and malaria. The doctor then might ask questions about the travel history, and medical history and will recommend some blood tests to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment of Dengue Fever | When to Consult a Doctor

There is currently no specific treatment for dengue fever. But while recovering from dengue fever, drinking plenty of fluids is often recommended. In order to relieve you from severe muscle pain, the doctor might recommend some OTC such as acetaminophen.

But make sure to avoid some pain relievers, if you have severe dengue, such as:

  • Aspirin
  • Iboprufen
  • Naproxen

You might also need some follow-up care in a medical center such as:

  • Supportive care in the hospital
  • Intravenous fluid and electrolyte replacement
  • Continuous blood pressure monitoring
  • Transfusion of blood to replace the blood loss

In case of any concerning signs and symptoms, you need to visit a certified infectious disease specialist or general physician