Emphysema

Overview of Emphysema

Emphysema is a lung disease in which you would feel shortness of breath. It is a respiratory disease, in which millions of tiny air sacs get damaged or ruptured.

Signs and Symptoms of Emphysema

Emphysema is a lung disease in which you would feel shortness of breath. It is a respiratory disease, in which millions of tiny air sacs get damaged or ruptured. This causes the lungs to lose their natural elasticity.
Emphysema is a progressive disease and can get worse with time if not treated effectively immediately. Smoking is one of the major causes of this disease. Emphysema is the second most common condition of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).
Although it is a progressive disease, it can be prevented from getting much worse by quitting smoking. Some common symptoms of this disease are shortness of breath, wheezing, chest tightness, and coughing with mucus.

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Types of Emphysema

Some people can have this respiratory disease without actually knowing it. Usually, a person won’t even notice the change in breathing till smoking a pack of cigarettes daily for a straight 20 years.
However, with the passage of time, breathing issues can cause hindrances in accomplishing daily tasks like house working or walking short distances. You might also feel the constant inability to catch your breath.

Some common symptoms of Emphysema are:

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing - in case of bronchitis, coughing with phlegm
  • Fatigue -  constantly feeling tired, exhausted, and lethargic
  • Morning headaches
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Tightness in chest
  • Swelling on ankles
  • Raid heartbeat
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Shorter concentration span
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Risk Factors of Emphysema
  • Smoking is the main cause of emphysema.
  • If you work in an area exposed to higher levels of air pollution, chemical fumes, or lung irritants, you have higher chances of contracting emphysema.
  • In some rare cases, having a family history of emphysema can also cause you to have this lung disorder.

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Prevention

Usually, individuals aged 65 years and above are more vulnerable to this respiratory disorder.

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Diagnosis

Healthy lifestyle choice and getting away from second hand smoking are main prevention tips for Emphysema.

Treatment of Emphysema | When to Consult a Doctor

As soon as you feel any of the above-mentioned symptoms, consult your general physician. Your doctor will begin your treatment you asking a couple of questions about your medical and family history.

Some tests that are performed to confirm the presence s of emphysema are:

  • Imaging tests - chest scans like X-rays and CT scan to determine the state of lungs
  • Blood tests - to determine up to what extent the lungs are functioning.
  • Pulse oximetry - to determine the oxygen levels in your blood
  • Lung functioning test - these tests involve blowing air into a device called a spirometer. This test measures how much air your lungs can breathe in and out.
  • Electrocardiogram - ECG test to rule out other heart diseases.

Your doctor may perform some additional tests as well.

Doctors to treat Emphysema

Last updated on Monday 28/11/2022

Doctor

Prof. Dr. Ashraf Jamal

Pulmonologist | MBBS, FCPS, MCPS

Hameed Latif HospitalRs 3000

9

Today’s Slots

98%

Satisfaction Rate

28

Years

Satisfied with Dr. treatment.

Doctor

Dr. Kamran Hameed

Pulmonologist | MBBS, FRCP, MRCP, FCCP

Hameed Latif HospitalRs 3500

Omar Hospital & Cardiac CentreRs 3500

0

Today’s Slots

97%

Satisfaction Rate

29

Years

Highly Recommended

Doctor

Dr. Rafiq A. Sheikh

Allergy Specialist, Asthma Specialist, Pulmonologist | MBBS, DTC

Hill Park General HospitalRs 3000

The Doctors PlazaRs 3000

4

Today’s Slots

99%

Satisfaction Rate

28

Years

Satisfied with Dr. treatment.

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