Eye Sweling

Overview of Eye Sweling

Eye Swelling Meaning in Urdu

آنکھوں کی سوزش ایک عام طبی علامت ہے جو کسی کو بھی لاحق ہو سکتی ہے۔ عام طور پر یہ سوزش ایک دن بعد ہی ختم ہو جاتی ہے۔ زیادہ تر افراد کو آنکھوں کی سوزش کا سامنا اس لیے کرنا پڑتا ہے کیوں کہ وہ اکثر اپنی آںکھوں کو ہاتھوں سے مسلتے ہیں۔ اگر ہاتھوں پر نقصان دہ بیکٹیریا موجود ہوں تو آنکھوں کی بیکٹیریل انفیکشن کا بھی سامنا کرنا پڑ سکتا ہے۔ اگر آنکھ کی سوزش ایک دن کے بعد کم یا ختم ہونا شروع نہ ہو تو پھر آنکھوں کے ڈاکٹر سے مشورہ ضرور کرنا چاہیئے۔

Eye swelling (آنکھ کی پتلیوں میں سوجن) refers to the presence of excess fluid in the connective tissue surrounding the eye. This excess fluid can cause the eyes to swell or puff up. It is also called swollen eyes or periorbital puffiness or periorbital edema.

Eye Swelling Scale

Eye swelling is categorized into three scales:

  • Mild: Puffy eyelids, eyes open normally
  • Moderate: More puffy eyes, eyes still open normally
  • Severe: Eyelids are swollen shut or almost shut

Signs and Symptoms of Eye Sweling

Signs and symptoms include:

  • Swelling of eyelids
  • Swelling around the eye
  • No discharge
  • No redness of the eye
  • Non-injury swelling

Types of Eye Sweling

Eye swelling, also known as periorbital edema, can be caused by various factors such as allergies, infections, injuries, and other medical conditions. The type of eye swelling can depend on the underlying cause. Here are some types of eye swelling:

  • Allergic swelling: Allergies can cause swelling in and around the eyes. It can be caused by allergens such as pollen, pet dander, dust, or certain foods.
  • Infectious swelling: Eye infections such as conjunctivitis or cellulitis can cause swelling of the eyelids.
  • Traumatic swelling: Trauma to the eye, such as a blow or injury, can cause swelling around the eye.
  • Orbital swelling: This is a type of eye swelling that occurs behind the eye and can be caused by various medical conditions, such as thyroid eye disease or a tumor.
  • Systemic swelling: Some medical conditions, such as kidney or heart problems, can cause fluid buildup in the body, which can lead to eye swelling.

It is important to identify the underlying cause of eye swelling and seek medical attention if it persists or is accompanied by other symptoms.

Causes of Eye Sweling

Eye swelling on one side of the eye (unilateral eye swelling) is caused by:

  • Constantly rubbing the eye
  • Insect or mosquito bite
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Stye
  • Dacryocystitis
  • Periorbital Cellulitis
  • Injury near the eye

Eye swelling on both sides of the eye is caused by:

  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  • Viral conjunctivitis
  • Bacterial conjunctivitis
  • Edema
  • Anaphylaxis

A swollen eye can also be caused by pink eye, sinusitis, lupus, or bruising.


Risk Factors of Eye Sweling

The complications of eye swelling can be as follows:

  • Unresponsiveness or change in alertness
  • Eyelid swelling after a fatal head trauma 
  • General swelling 
  • High fever higher than 101 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Recurrent headaches 
  • Change in vision or loss of vision
  • Swelling of face, lips, or tongue
  • Change in the mental state of the person



Make sure to keep in mind the following preventive tips for eye swelling:

  • Pay special attention to your personal hygiene
  • Do not touch your eyes with dirty hands
  • Get yourself properly vaccinated
  • Keep your eye medications separate from the others
  • Do not use the same towel or washcloth as other  


Eye swelling can be diagnosed without a test. Just an eye exam with a history of symptoms is required. No immediate treatment is required.

Treatment of Eye Sweling | When to Consult a Doctor

Eye swelling goes away on its own within a few days or a few weeks. In case the condition persists or the eye is completely swollen shut, medical attention is needed.

The following methods can be used at home:

  • Rinsing eyes with cool water
  • Placing a cool compress or washcloth on the eye
  • Antihistamine eye drops for allergies 
  • Not wearing contact lenses for a while

Eye swelling can affect children as well as adults. In case any persistent symptoms appear in children or adults, consult an opthalmologist immediately.