Fecal Incontinence

Overview of Fecal Incontinence

Fecal Incontinence Meaning in Urdu

اس بیماری کی وجہ سے مریض کا اپنے پاخانے پر کنٹرول ختم ہو جاتا ہے اور اسے بار بار ٹوائلٹ جانا پڑتا ہے۔ کچھ بنیادی بیماریوں جیسا کہ اسہال، قبض، اور بڑی آنت کے پٹھوں کو نقصان پہنچنے کی وجہ سے یہ بیماری لاحق ہو سکتی ہے۔ تاہم کچھ دائمی امراض جیسا کہ ذیابیطس وغیرہ بھی اس کی وجہ بن سکتے ہیں۔ زیادہ تر مریضوں کا اسہال کے دوران اپنے پاخانے پر کنٹرول ختم ہو سکتا ہے۔ اگر یہ طبی علامت بار بار آپ کو متاثر کرے تو پھر اس بات کی ضرورت ہوتی ہے کہ آپ آپنے طبی معالج سے فوری طور پر رابطہ کریں۔ 


Fecal incontinence is a medical condition that involves the involuntary loss of bowel control, resulting in the release of feces from the rectum or anus. This loss of control can range from the inability to hold in gas or minor amounts of stool to complete loss of bowel control.

Doctors Treating Fecal Incontinence

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Signs and Symptoms of Fecal Incontinence

The main symptom of fecal incontinence is the involuntary passage of feces or gas from the rectum or anus. Other symptoms may include:

  • A strong urge to have a bowel movement
  • Difficulty controlling bowel movements
  • Leakage of stool during physical activity, such as coughing, sneezing, or exercise
  • Stool staining on underwear
  • Foul odor from the rectal area
  • Avoidance of social situations or activities due to fear of an accident
  • Skin irritation or infection around the anus.

Symptoms of fecal incontinence can vary in severity, from occasional minor leakage to complete loss of bowel control.

Types of Fecal Incontinence

There are two main types of fecal incontinence:

  1. Passive incontinence is when stool leaks out of the anus without the person knowing about it. It is often due to muscle or nerve damage in the rectal area.
  2. Urgency incontinence occurs when a person experiences a sudden, intense urge to have a bowel movement and cannot reach the toilet in time. It can happen due to inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, or nerve damage.

In some cases, fecal incontinence can be a combination of passive and urgent incontinence. 

Causes of Fecal Incontinence

Fecal incontinence causes depend on many factors, including:

  • Muscle or nerve damage: Damage to the muscles or nerves in the anus and rectum can cause fecal incontinence. It can occur due to childbirth, surgery, or medical conditions such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, or spinal cord injuries.
  • Chronic diarrhea: Frequent diarrhea can make it difficult to control bowel movements and may lead to fecal incontinence.
  • Chronic constipation: Chronic constipation can cause the muscles in the rectum and anus to weaken, making it harder to control bowel movements.
  • Rectal prolapse: This occurs when the rectum protrudes through the anus, which can result in fecal incontinence.
  • Certain medications: Some medications, such as antibiotics or laxatives, can cause diarrhea or other gastrointestinal side effects that may lead to fecal incontinence.
  • Age: As people age, the muscles and nerves that control bowel movements may weaken, leading to fecal incontinence.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy to the pelvic area can cause damage to the muscles and nerves in the anus and rectum, leading to fecal incontinence.


Risk Factors of Fecal Incontinence

Several risk factors can increase a person's likelihood of developing fecal incontinence, including:

  • Age: As people age, the muscles and nerves that control bowel movements may weaken, increasing the risk of fecal incontinence.
  • Chronic diarrhea: Frequent diarrhea can damage the rectum and anus, making it difficult to control bowel movements.
  • Chronic constipation: Chronic constipation can cause the muscles in the rectum and anus to weaken, making it harder to control bowel movements.
  • Childbirth: The muscles and nerves in the pelvic area can be damaged during vaginal birth, increasing the risk of fecal incontinence later in life.
  • Pelvic surgery: Surgeries in the pelvic area, such as a hysterectomy or prostate surgery, can damage the muscles and nerves that control bowel movements.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, and neurological disorders, can increase the risk of fecal incontinence.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese can pressurize the rectum and anus, making it harder to control bowel movements.
  • Smoking: Smoking can damage the nerves and blood vessels in the rectal area, increasing the risk of fecal incontinence.

It's important to note that having one or more of these risk factors does not necessarily mean a person will develop fecal incontinence. However, being aware of these risk factors can help people take steps to reduce their risk of developing fecal incontinence or seek appropriate treatment if symptoms arise.


Fecal incontinence can have several complications, including:


  • Skin irritation and infection: Leakage of feces can cause skin irritation and infection in the anal area.
  • Emotional distress: Fecal incontinence can be embarrassing and may cause a person to avoid social situations or activities, leading to isolation and depression.
  • Impaired quality of life: Fecal incontinence can significantly impact a person's quality of life, making it hard to participate in daily activities and negatively affecting relationships and self-esteem.
  • Financial burden: The cost of managing fecal incontinence, including the cost of supplies like adult diapers and skin care products, can be a significant financial burden.
  • Malnutrition and dehydration: Some people with fecal incontinence may restrict their fluid and food intake to avoid bowel movements, leading to malnutrition and dehydration.
  • Increased risk of falls: A person with fecal incontinence needs to rush to the bathroom. It may increase the risk of falls and injury.



Fecal incontinence can be a challenging and embarrassing problem, but there are steps you can take to help prevent it. Here are some tips:

  • Eat a healthy diet: Eating a balanced and fiber-rich diet can help prevent constipation, a major cause of fecal incontinence. Avoiding foods that irritate the digestive tract, such as spicy foods and alcohol, may also be helpful.
  • Exercise regularly: Regular physical activity can help keep your digestive system healthy and prevent constipation. Exercise can also strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, which can help prevent fecal incontinence.
  • Manage chronic conditions: If you have a chronic disease such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis that can contribute to fecal incontinence, work with your healthcare provider to manage the illness effectively.
  • Practice good bathroom habits: Establish a regular bowel movement routine and avoid straining during bowel movements. Using a stool to elevate your feet while sitting on the toilet can also help.

Seek medical attention: If you experience fecal incontinence, seek help and consult a healthcare provider. Several treatment options, including medication, dietary changes, and surgery, may help manage the condition.



Here are some diagnostic tests and procedures that doctors may use to diagnose fecal incontinence:

  • Physical examination: A doctor will examine your anus and rectum for signs of damage, nerve dysfunction, or other abnormalities.
  • Medical history: Your doctor will ask about your symptoms, medical history, and medications you may be taking.
  • Anal manometry: This test measures the strength and coordination of your anal sphincter muscles and rectum.
  • Anorectal ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to create images of the rectum, anus, and surrounding muscles and tissues.
  • Anal electromyography (EMG): This test measures the electrical activity of your anal sphincter muscles.
  • Defecography: This test uses X-rays to create images of your rectum and anus while having a bowel movement.
  • Colonoscopy: This procedure uses a flexible tube with a camera to examine your colon and rectum for signs of disease or other abnormalities.

Based on the results of these tests, your doctor may diagnose the underlying cause of your fecal incontinence and recommend an appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment of Fecal Incontinence | When to Consult a Doctor

The treatment for fecal incontinence depends on the underlying cause of the condition. Here are some treatment options:

  • Lifestyle changes: Dietary changes such as increasing fiber intake and avoiding foods that trigger symptoms can help manage fecal incontinence. Regular exercise can also help strengthen the muscles that control bowel movements.
  • Medications: Anti-diarrheal medications, laxatives, or muscle relaxants may help manage fecal incontinence.
  • Bowel training: involves setting a regular time for bowel movements and using techniques to regulate stool consistency.
  • Biofeedback therapy: This technique uses specialized sensors to help patients learn to control their pelvic floor muscles and sphincter muscles.
  • Electrical stimulation: This therapy uses electrical currents to stimulate the pelvic floor muscles and sphincter muscles.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, surgery can repair or replace damaged muscles or tissues.
  • Absorbent products: Adult diapers or other absorbent products can help manage fecal incontinence and protect clothing and bedding.

It is essential to consult a urologist to determine the best treatment plan for your needs. A combination of treatments may be necessary to manage fecal incontinence.