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Overview of Fibromyalgia

It is the second most common condition that affects muscles and bones.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain in the entire body. The most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are joint pain and fatigue. This condition can be made manageable through medication, lifestyle changes and effectively managing stress. 

Signs and Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

The symptoms common among fibromyalgia patients are: 

  • Highly sensitive to pain - the pain associated with this disease is widespread. That is, felt both above and below the waist. This pain can last for up to 3 months. 
  • Fatigue
  • Stiff muscles
  • Problems falling asleep 
  • Memory issues 
  • Concentration issues 
  • Frequent headaches 
  • Cognitive disturbance 
  • Areas of tenderness 
  • Depression 
  • Anxiety 
  • Dry eyes 
  • Dull pain in the lower belly 
  • Bladder issues 

Some patients may feel sensitivity to light and sounds. Having fibromyalgia can also lower your energy levels and functioning ability. 


Types of Fibromyalgia

Causes of Fibromyalgia

The causes of this disease are not yet determined. Doctors think that a possible cause for this condition is the faulty manner in which your brain and spinal cord process pain signals from the nerves. 

This behavior is caused by the imbalance in certain chemicals present in the brain. Some doctors also consider this a hereditary disease passed on from parents to the offspring. 

This disease can affect both men and women. But its incidence rate in women is much higher than in men. Having arthritis can also increase the chances of having fibromyalgia. Not having a healthy lifestyle is also one of the reasons for this condition. 

Usually, individuals aged between 30-50 get affected by this condition. 



Risk Factors of Fibromyalgia

Some trigger points for this disease are:

  • Sudden trauma - this can be both physical or emotional
  • Extreme stress 
  • Injury
  • Infection 
  • Undergoing surgery 
  • Giving birth 

Health Complications 

Fibromyalgia can coexist with disorders like: 



You can opt following things to prevent fibromyalgia 

  • Actively take care of your stress management
  • Have a healthy nutritious diet 
  • Get enough sleep 
  • Maintain a healthy diet 
  • Change your lifestyle habits 
  • Actively exercise and try to stay active 
  • Seek medical help if you have arthritis or depression


Consult a certified doctor if you feel like having any of the above-mentioned symptoms. There is no particular test that could determine fibromyalgia. Usually, this disease is diagnosed by ruling out similar diseases. Tests can be performed to check the hormone levels and X-rays can be done to rule out arthritis.

Treatment of Fibromyalgia | When to Consult a Doctor

The treatment of fibromyalgia is done based on the symptoms that you are having. Your doctor can prescribe you pain relievers, antidepressants, muscle relaxants, and pills to have a better sleep.

Another approach that can help you get better is taking therapy sessions. The cognitive therapy sessions can help you have better focus and concentration. 

One of the most effective approaches is changing your lifestyle to a more suitable healthier one. Having a balanced diet and exercising regularly can help you have a generally better life. 

In case you exhibit any concerning signs and symptoms for fibromyalgia, consult a certified rheumatologistas soon as possible.