The screening for hepatitis C infection is crucial for all adults ages 18 to 79. A person should not wait for the symptoms and signs of being infected or liver disease. If you are at high risk of getting infected by hepatitis C infection, HCV screening is necessary. The following factors also require hepatitis C screening:
- Born to a mother with an HCV infection
- Have an abnormal liver function without any cause
- Healthcare workers with a high risk of needles exposure
- Someone’s been in prison
- Someone with HIV infection
- Inhaled illicit drugs
- Living with long-term hemodialysis treatment
- Someone who has had an organ transplant before 1992
Tests for Chronic Hepatitis C
Your doctor may ask for the following tests to check liver damage:
Transient Elastography (Ultrasound type): It is a noninvasive test that involves transmitting vibrations into the liver and helps to measure the dispersal speed through liver tissues. This test helps to detect liver tissue stiffness.
Blood Tests: A blood test indicates the fibrosis extent in the liver.
Liver Biopsy: An ultrasound helps to insert a thin needle through the abdominal wall to get the liver tissue sample. The tissue sample is sent to the laboratory for further testing.
Magnetic Resonance Elastography (MRE): It is noninvasive testing that is a combination of imaging technology with a pattern formed by sound waves bouncing off the liver. It gives results by creating a visual map and revealing stiffness throughout the liver. When there is liver tissue stiffness found, it indicates liver scarring or fibrosis, caused by chronic hepatitis C.