Overview of Hypoxia

Hypoxia is a condition in which the blood does not get enough oxygen supply. As a result of which the cells and tissues in the body do not get enough oxygen. Hypoxia can lead to many serious health conditions if not managed effectively.

Signs and Symptoms of Hypoxia

The only way our body gets oxygen is through our lungs. Any diseases or conditions that affect the working of this precious organ can lead to hypoxia. Some visible symptoms of hypoxia are: 

  • Difficulty in breathing 
  • Shortness of breath especially after performing some physical activity 
  • Wheezing 
  • Coughing 
  • Waking up gasping for air 
  • The bluish undertone of the skin   
  • Headache 

Consider talking to your doctor as soon as you feel any of the above-mentioned symptoms. 

Types of Hypoxia

Causes of Hypoxia

Hypoxia can occur due to a number of reasons involving: 


Risk Factors of Hypoxia

Risk factors linked to hypoxia include:

  • Complicated heart problems 
  • Lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Strong Drug medications 
  • Medication side effects 
  • Heart attack 
  • Anemia 

Complications of Hypoxia 



Hypoxia can be prevented by:

  • Deep breathing exercises
  • Mild exercises such as yoga and walking 
  • Eating a healthy diet 
  • Drinking plenty of water 
  • Cutting down on smoking


There are certain tests involved to properly diagnose hypoxia.

The most obvious way to diagnose hypoxia is to use oxygen monitors (pulse oximeters) that determine the oxygen levels in the blood. A complete physical examination or some other pulmonary test functions might be involved too.

Treatment of Hypoxia | When to Consult a Doctor

Hypoxia can be treated by first identifying the reason for it and then treating it for that condition. Usually, hypoxia can be treated by increasing the oxygen supply in the blood. This can be done through medication or through oxygen therapy. 

In case you exhibit any concerning signs and symptoms of hypoxia, consult a certified pulmonologist as soon as possible.