There are many different types of kidney stones which include:
Calcium stones are the most common type of stone that occurs in the human body. Eating high-oxalate foods like peanuts, chocolate, beets, spinach, and potato chips increases your chances of developing these stones. These stones are basically made of calcium phosphate or maleate.
Eating less-oxalate foods and more calcium-containing foods can prevent the formation of these stones.
Uric acid stones
These types of stones occur more frequently in men than in women. Usually, the people with gout disease or people taking chemotherapy sessions are more prone to uric acid stones.
Consuming a diet that is high in purine increases the risk of developing this stone. High purine food includes fish, shellfish, and meats.
Women already having some urinary tract infections are more vulnerable to this type of stone formation. Struvite kidney stones occur as a result of some kidney infection. They are large in the formation and cause urinary obstruction.
Struvite stones can be prevented by treating the underlying infection.
These stones are rare and can occur in both men and women who suffer from a genetic disorder, known as Cystinuria. In this type of stone, an acid that naturally forms in the body - cystines - leaks from the kidneys into the urine.