Learning Difficulty

Overview of Learning Difficulty

A learning difficulty or learning disability also known as (seehknay me dashwari/ سیکھنے میں دشواری) is a common health condition in children. In this condition, the brain is not functioning properly and is unable to process the information properly.

It greatly affects an individual’s actions in various parts of life such as socially, during a job, academically, and emotionally. The reason being, they face a lot of neurological problems and it is difficult to analyze processes and store information.

Mostly, individuals suffering from learning difficulties are unable to diagnose it by themselves. It is until their parents or teachers observe this behaviour through their behaviour, skills, or other performances. It is common in people with mediocre or above mediocre intelligence levels. Commonly, these learning difficulties may affect a child’s capabilities during academic studies like reading, writing, verbal or nonverbal skills.

Learning difficulty is not a measure of the level of intelligence. It simply indicates that your children are not performing well. They are unique and learn differently from others.

Doctors Treating Learning Difficulty

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Signs and Symptoms of Learning Difficulty

Although it is challenging to diagnose the learning difficulty, it can be diagnosed from the specified behavioural symptoms. Here is a list of learning difficulty symptoms which are:

  • Difficulty in telling right from left
  • Reversing letters, words or numbers, after first or second grade
  • Difficulty in recognizing patterns or sorting items by size or shape
  • Difficulty in understanding and following instructions or staying organized
  • Difficulty in recalling what was merely said or what was just read
  • Lacking coordination when moving around
  • Difficulty in handling tasks with the hands, like writing, cutting, or drawing
  • Difficulty in understanding the concept of time

Types of Learning Difficulty

There are different types of learning difficulties, such as:

Causes of Learning Difficulty

Learning difficulty is a genetic or congenital disorder. It becomes worse as time passes by and causes anxiety, depression, or even suicide. It does not relate to intelligence and is caused when the brain is unable to process and store minute information. But certain factors can play a role in the development of a learning difficulty, including:

  • Family History: You are at a higher risk of suffering from learning difficulty if you have a family history of this disease.
  • Prenatal or Congenital Disorder: If pregnant women have poor baby growth in the uterus (severe intrauterine growth restriction) or drink alcohol, drug intake before baby birth then it can lead to premature birth and very low birth weight that is linked with learning disorders.
  • Psychological Trauma: If an individual experiences any psychological trauma or abuse in early childhood, it may affect brain development and increases the risk of learning disorders.
  • Physical Trauma: Any kind of head injuries or nervous system infections due to external factors might cause the development of learning disorders.
  • Environmental Exposure: Frequent exposure to high levels of toxins, such as lead, might consider the risk of learning disorders.

Risk Factors of Learning Difficulty

Some factors affect the development of learning difficulty disorder, such as:

  • Psychological Trauma
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Physical Trauma
  • Prenatal and Neonatal Risks
  • Family History and Genetics

Health Complications Due to Learning Difficulty

Learning difficulties may result in the following health complications, such as:



Some learning difficulties cannot be prevented but you can lower the risk by following some prevention tips, such as:

  • Limit medications during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
  • Seeking early intervention for learning difficulty
  • Avoid alcohol and tobacco
  • Do not use toxic substances
  • Good nutrition for your child
  • A healthy environment
  • Remove stressful influences from your home


A neurologist or psychologist evaluates the patients having symptoms with learning difficulty by taking a complete medical history and asking questions regarding their symptoms. Generally, diagnosis is not exactly defined as learning difficulty, it varies according to the previous situations that the patient has suffered from.  But, healthcare professionals may recommend Computerized Tomography (CT scan) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the brain for diagnosis. It helps to know whether the brain is functioning properly or not.

Treatment of Learning Difficulty | When to Consult a Doctor

The most standard treatment for learning difficulty is by special education. A teacher or other learning specialist can help to build children's learning skills, by imparting their strengths and finding ways to cope up with their weaknesses and health concerns.
Educators or therapists may execute a particular teaching method such as changes to the classroom or using technologies to assist your child. Some parents even hire tutors or language therapists for their children for this special education.
A child suffering from learning difficulty may have to suffer from negative self-esteem, frustration and other problems. Psychologists are also imparting their input for a deep understanding of these special children’s feelings and help to cope with this health issue so that they can have a healthy relationship with others.