Patient's Complete Guide to Meningitis

Overview of Meningitis

Meningitis is the inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. A viral or bacterial infection in the fluid around the brain and spinal cord usually causes this inflammation.

Signs and Symptoms of Meningitis

Meningitis is the inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. A viral or bacterial infection in the fluid around the brain and spinal cord usually causes this inflammation. Head injuries, some types of cancer, and drugs can also cause the inflammation of the protective membranes.
The treatment of meningitis depends upon the exact type of meningitis.

Types of Meningitis

The symptoms of meningitis develop suddenly and consist of:

  • High fever
  • Headaches
  • A rash ( this may or may not appear)
  • Stiffness in neck
  • Light sensitivity
  • Unresponsiveness o dizziness
  • Seizures
  • Headache with nausea or vomiting
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Lessor no appetite or thirst

Like adults, this disorder can also develop in newborn babies. Look out for these symptoms in a newborn child:

  • High fever
  • Increased fussiness
  • Highly irritable
  • Prolonged sleeping
  • Inactive and sluggish
  • Poor eating
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • You might also notice a bulge in the soft spot on your baby’s head

Transmission of Meningitis

Meningitis, either viral or bacterial can spread through:

  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Sharing utensils, cutlery, and toothbrushes
  • Close contact

Are there any vaccinations available for meningitis?
Vaccination for meningitis can provide some extent of protection against it. These vaccinations can include:

  • Meningitis B Vaccine
  • 6-in-1 vaccine
  • Pneumococcal vaccine
  • Hib/MenC vaccine
  • MMR vaccine
  • Meningitis ACWY vaccine

Risk Factors of Meningitis

Thee are the following types of meningitis:

  • Bacterial Meningitis

This type of meningitis is caused by bacteria and requires immediate medical attention. It can be fatal if timely treatment is not provided. There are now vaccines available that help provide protection against this type.

  • Viral Meningitis

This type of meningitis is less severe than bacterial meningitis. People having a strong immune system can get better on their own without consulting their doctor. Also, there are vaccines available that can provide you protection against some kinds of viral meningitis.

  • Fungal Meningitis

Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis and usually affects people with some underlying medical condition like diabetes, HIV, or cancer. People usually acquire this type of meningitis by inhaling fungal spores present in the environment.

  • Parasitic Meningitis

This type of meningitis is relatively rare than both viral and bacterial meningitis and can affect the brain and nervous system.

  • Amebic Meningitis

Primary Amebic Meningitis (PAM) is rare meningitis and is caused by Naegleria Fowleri. It causes much damage to the brain.

  • Non- Infectious Meningitis

Sometimes, injuries, certain types of cancers, and drugs and brain surgery can cause meningitis.

Prevention

Possible risk factors for meningitis can include:

  • Incomplete Vaccination course
  • Age- children under 5 years of age are more prone to viral meningitis whereas
  • Bacterial meningitis is common in individuals under the age of 20 year
  • Living in group settings
  • Pregnancy
  • A weak immune system

Complications of Meningitis

Some possible complications of meningitis are:

  • Compromised memory
  • Hearing loss
  • Brain damage
  • Seizure/ shock
  • Kidney failure
  • Learning issues
  • Imbalance

Treatment of Meningitis | When to Consult a Doctor

Consult your doctor immediately if you exhibit the above-mentioned symptoms. Your doctor will generally diagnose this by first asking about medical history and performing a physical examination. he/she would also check for any neck stiffness and rash.
After the initial examination, you'd would also ask you for the following:

  • Blood tests to identify any bacteria
  • CT or MRI scans of your head to find any inflammation or swelling
  • Spinal tap- this is a procedure in which a sample is taken from the fluid around your spinal cord. This test tells the cause of meningitis.

Healthcare Providers

Consult with Best Doctors for Meningitis

Prof. Dr. Humayun Iqbal Khan, Pediatrician
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Dr. M. Asif Siddiqui, Pediatrician
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Dr. Asad Munir, Pediatric Surgeon
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Dr. Asad Munir

Dr. Muhammad Asif Siddiqui, Pediatrician
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Dr. Muhammad Asif Siddiqui

Prof Dr. Tayyaba Khawar Butt, Pediatrician
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Dr. Ambrin Aslam, Pediatrician
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Dr. Ambrin Aslam

Assist. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Usaid Qureshi, Pediatrician
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Dr. Abid Qazi, Pediatric Surgeon
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Dr. Abid Qazi

Dr. Shahid Aslam, Pediatrician
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Dr. Shahid Aslam

Dr. Tariq Rafiq Khan, Pediatrician
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Dr. Tariq Rafiq Khan

Speciality for Meningitis

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