Molluscum Contagiosum

Overview of Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is an infection caused by poxvirus. It constitutes 1% of all skin diseases. It is easily curable and preventable.

Signs and Symptoms of Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral infection of the skin that forms painless lesions in any part of the body. It is caused by the poxvirus (Molluscum contagiosum).
The length of the virus varies from person to person. Molluscum contagiosum can recover on their own within 6-12months without appearing to have any scars. The recovery time may prolong upto 4 years, depending on the severity of the disease.

Molluscum Contagiosum Prevalence

It is most prevalent in children above the age of 10 years and older people over the age of 50 years. These two age groups are particularly more prone towards this disease due to weak immunity. Overall, it accounts for 1% of all skin diseases. About  5%-8% for people suffering from  HIV and it may be as high as 33% if not treated timely.

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Types of Molluscum Contagiosum

Signs and symptoms of molluscum contagiosum are the lesions appear anywhere in the body, which are characterized by:

  • Small, raised, round and skin-coloured
  • Lesions present at the top centre of the skin
  • Red and inflamed
  • Itchy
  • Easily removed by scratching or rubbing
  • Usually seen on face, neck, armpits, arms and tops of the hands in children
  • Appear on genitals, lower abdomen and inner upper thighs in adults

Risk Factors of Molluscum Contagiosum

The poxvirus  transfers from one person to another via  sharing the things of infected person or fomites (an inanimate virus-contaminated objects) like:

  • Towels
  • Shaving tools
  • Cloths
  • Swimming pool
  • Bathtubs
  • Sexual contact

Another reason for spreading a virus is by touching an infected person or a person starts to scratch their lesion.
The positive aspect of molluscum contagiosum virus is that it lives on the upper layer of the skin and doesn't expand to other parts of the body. That's why it cannot transfer through coughing and sneezing.
The nature of  mollascum contangism virus is different from other viruses like herpes viruses. It does not stay in the body for a longer time that's why there is less chance of recurrence.



The following conditions are more likely to develop for contracting and transmitting molluscum contagiosum:

  • Young Children: It affects more in children over the age of 10 years than others because of their weakened immune system.
  • Warm and Humid Environment: The poxvirus increases in number due to the warm and humid climate that results in more breakouts on the skin.
  • Crowded Environments: People who live in small spaces like huts, tents etc and individuals usually go to a crowded market may be at high risk.
  • Atopic Dermatitis: It is also known as eczema. Individuals with this inflammatory skin condition may have a higher chance of contracting the molluscum contagiosum.
  • Weakened Immune System: If the person has weakened immune system due to health problems such as HIV or any other condition may suffer from molluscum lesions.


The best way to prevent the molluscum contagiosum is to avoid contact with an infected person. Following suggestions can also be beneficial to minimize the spreading of lesions. Wash the hands daily with warm water and soap. Avoid sharing personal items such as towels, clothing, hairbrushes, or bar soaps. Avoid using the things of another person that touches the skin, for example, sports knee cap, clothes etc. Avoid poking at or touching the affected areas of skin where the blister exists. Keep the blisters clean and covered. Avoid shaving where blisters are present. Avoid sexual contact when a person’s lesion is on their genitals.

Treatment of Molluscum Contagiosum | When to Consult a Doctor

A dermatologist will do physical examination of the patients with molluscum contagiosum. If a doctor suspects any sign of having this disease then skin biopsy may be recommended.
Skin biopsy: Scrap the infected skin from the specific area and examine under a light microscope. A doctor may also suggest blood tests if needed.

Doctors to treat Molluscum Contagiosum

Last updated on Wednesday 23/11/2022


Dr. Asif Rauf

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist | MBBS

Cosmolux ( The Hair & Skin Clinic )Rs 2000


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Highly Recommended


Dr. Farrukh Aslam

Cosmetologist | MBBS, FCPS, BFIRST Fellow, MRCPS, FACS

LaForma ClinicRs 1500


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Dr farukh is a kind man he listen whatever i said and then he diagnosed me the treatment of my issue


Dr. Aamir Chhipa

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist | MBBS, DCDD

Dr Aamir Skin ClinicRs 1000


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I am very satisfied with the overall doctor's experience.

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