Periodontitis

Overview of Periodontitis

Periodontitis is an advanced and serious gum infection that can result in tooth decay or tooth loss. Proper treatment and oral care are needed to overcome this disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Periodontitis

Periodontitis (مسوڑے کی بیماری) is a gum infection that causes damaging of the soft tissue and bone supporting the tooth. Without treatment, the alveolar bone might be destroyed over the period, leading to loosening tooth or tooth loss.
Periodontitis literally translates to ‘inflammation around the tooth. Inflammation occurs as a reaction of the immune system to the microorganisms that stick to the surface of the tooth while multiplying.
Periodontitis is a serious condition that is preventable only if proper measures are taken.

Periodontitis Prevalence

Periodontal diseases affect almost 20 to 50 percent of the global population. In Pakistan, the prevalence of periodontal diseases is 18 percent and out of these 18 percent, 31 percent have periodontitis.

Find the suitable doctor treating this disease

View doctors
view-doctor

Types of Periodontitis

Signs and symptoms of Periodontitis include:

  • Swollen gums
  • Gums tender to touch
  • Bright red or purple gums
  • Bleeding from the gums
  • Bleeding while brushing or flossing
  • Bad breath
  • Pus between the tooth and gums
  • New spaces between teeth
  • Loose teeth or tooth loss
  • Receding of the gums from the teeth
Happniness

Risk Factors of Periodontitis

Plaque is the usual cause of periodontitis. Plaque consists of sticky bacteria that damage the teeth.

  • Plaque forms on the teeth due to the interaction of bacteria with sugar and starches
  • If the plaque is not removed, it hardens and forms calculus
  • This leads to gingivitis, the early stage of periodontitis
  • Chronic gingivitis leads to periodontitis and more deep infections

Happniness

Prevention

Risk factors of periodontitis include:

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Chewing tobacco
  • Gingivitis
  • Obesity
  • Recreational drugs
  • Vit C deficiency
  • Less immunity
  • Diabetes
  • Certain medications that cause dry mouth and gum changes

Complications of Periodontitis

This condition can cause tooth loss in an individual. The bacteria that have caused this infection can enter the blood flow through the infected gums. They can then affect the other body parts as well. This disease is also linked with the onset of chronic respiratory disease, rheumatoid arthritis and coronary artery disease.

Happniness

Diagnosis

The best possible preventions of periodontitis are as follows:

  • Practice Oral Hygiene

The best possible means of preventing the onset of periodontitis is making sure that you are keen on your oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day and start flossing.

  • Visit Your Doctor

Make sure to schedule a visit with your dentist in case of bleeding or swollen gums.

Treatment of Periodontitis | When to Consult a Doctor

To diagnose periodontitis, the dentist reviews the medical history of the patient and the contributing factors to the disease.

  • The mouth is examined for plaque and calculus
  • The space between the gums and teeth is check known as the pocket depth
  • A dental x-ray is done to check for deeper infections and bone loss

In some cases, periodontitis found can be:

  • Aggressive Periodontitis:

It is also known as localized aggressive periodontitis and is a very rare condition that shows the rapid growth of the infection.

  • Juvenile Periodontitis

It is an uncommon condition leading to severe attachment loss of the gum and destruction of alveolar bone.

Doctors to treat Periodontitis

Last updated on Wednesday 23/11/2022

Doctor

Dr. Saqib Zia Ahmed Toor

Cosmetic Dentist, Dentist | Cosmetic and General Dental Surgeon

Teeth and Gums - Best VeneersRs 3000

14

Today’s Slots

99%

Satisfaction Rate

10

Years

Highly Recommended

Doctor

Dr. Waleed Zaman

Dentist | BDS, C-Orth

DentiFixRs 2000

14

Today’s Slots

99%

Satisfaction Rate

10

Years

Highly Recommended

Doctor

Dr. Zubair Ahmed

Orthodontist, Dentist | BDS, FCPS, Orthodontics

Dental ExpressionsRs

5

Today’s Slots

98%

Satisfaction Rate

17

Years

Dr. Zubair is a very good doctor. His behaviour is so good and he is very cooperative.

All Doctors treating Periodontitis