Pimples

Overview of Pimples

Pimples Meaning in Urdu

پمپلز کو مہاسے، دانے، اور چھوٹی پھنسیاں بھی کہا جاتا ہے۔ جِلد میں تیل پیدا کرنے والے گلینڈز جب سوزش کا شکار ہوتے ہیں تو جِلد پر پمپلز نمودار ہو جاتے ہیں۔ اس کے علاوہ جِلد میں کچھ بیکٹیریا کی موجودگی کی وجہ سے بھی پمپلز نمودار ہو سکتے ہیں۔ عام طور پر پمپلز ایکنی کی علامت ہوتے ہیں اور ان کو کئی اقسام میں تقسیم کیا جاتا ہے۔ اس کی بنیادی اقسام میں بلیک ہیڈز اور وائٹ ہیڈز وغیرہ شامل ہیں۔ نوجوانوں کی جِلد پر پمپلز زیادہ نمودار ہوتے ہیں کیوں کہ ان کے جسم میں کافی ہارمونل تبدیلیاں واقع ہو رہی ہوتی ہیں۔

A pimple (پھنسی) is a tiny pustule that is formed on your skin. Pimples are formed due to clogging and infection of sebaceous glands, or oil glands. 

Occurrence of Pimples

Pimples are most likely to occur when you reach puberty. However, people at any age can develop pimples on their skin. During puberty, the rate of hormone production is changed. It results in the overactivation of sebaceous glands. Therefore, most teenagers face these problems. 

Pimples are mostly formed on the face, back, chest, and shoulders. This is because these areas are rich in sebaceous glands.

Approximately, 80% of teenagers, Acne vulgaris is the main reason for pimples. In people older than 25 years, it affects 3% of men and 12% of women.

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Types of Pimples

Your pimples can be of different types. Each type of pimple has different signs and symptoms:

  • Whiteheads: Whiteheads are simple pimples that remain under your skin. They are small and flesh-colored in appearance.
  • Blackheads: Blackheads formed on the surface of your skin. They are black because of melanin oxidation. Melanin is a pigment present in your skin.
  • Papules: Papules are small and round bumps. They directly rise from the skin and are pink in color. 
  • Pustules: Pustules are pus-filled pimples. These pimples are formed on the surface of your skin. Pustules are red at the base and on top, the pus is filled.
  • Nodules: Nodules are similar to papules in structure; however, they are larger. You may feel pain upon touching them because they are deep in the skin
  • Cysts: Your cysts are visible on the surface of your skin. They are often filled with pus and pain. Cysts commonly leave scars.

Causes of Pimples

Pimples are formed due to the clogging of pores with sebum and dead skin. Further, it can lead to infection and inflammation. However, the exact reason why they occur in some people as compared to others is still unknown.

  1. Sebum and Dead Skin: Sebum is an oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands. New pores and skin cells are continuously developed while dead skin cells are removed. But if the dead skin cells are not shedding off they get stuck together by sebum. It results in the blockage of pores and pimple formation on the skin.
  2. Bacterial Infection: Pore blockage promotes the growth of certain bacteria such as Propionibacterium acnes. P. acnes are normally present on your skin without causing any harm. But when conditions are right for their growth, these bacteria rapidly grow and cause skin problems. These bacteria use sebum for their growth and produce a specific substance that triggers the immune system. The immune response causes skin inflammation and spots.
  3. Although pimples are infectious they can’t transfer from one person to another.
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Risk Factors of Pimples

Some common risk factors for pimples may include:

  • Hormone fluctuation 
  • Genetic factors 
  • Yeast infections
  • Humid, sweaty environments, 
  • Clothes made of synthetic fibres 
  • Use of oily skin products 
  • Antibiotics 
  • Testosterone sensitivity
  • Dietary factors

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Prevention

Skin specialists proven tips can help you prevent pimples.

  • Go with the topical treatments
  • Wash your hair often
  • Avoid harsh scrubbing
  • Consult with your doctor for antibiotic use
  • Wash your face twice with the quality cleanser
  • Stay hydrated
  • Limit sun exposure
  • Avoid overuse of makeup
  • Moisturize skin
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Diagnosis

To diagnose the leading cause of pimples, your doctor will examine your face and affected areas (back and shoulders). Different types of spots can occur on different areas of your body, such as red nodules, sore, and blackheads. Once your doctor diagnoses the cause, he/she will prepare a treatment plan accordingly.

Treatment of Pimples | When to Consult a Doctor

It can be more difficult to remove hard pimples because of their size and deepness in the skin. They are usually blind pimples because they do not have a head.

You can treat a pimple at home if it is not severe. But in some other serious cases, medical treatment may be required. 

You can treat a hard pimple at home by using methods such as: 

  • Creams and Ointments: You can use over-the-counter creams such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and sulfur. These creams are recommended by the American Academy of Dermatology. 
  • Warm Compress: To soften the spot you can use a warm compress. This will facilitate the drainage of pus. It can also help a blind pimple come to a head.
  • Ice Packs: Through an ice pack you can reduce inflammation and pain. Ice is particularly best for hard pimples, such as nodules and cysts.
  • Cleansers: According to some studies, non-soap cleansers are better than traditional soaps to treat pimples.
  • Tea Tree Oil: According to studies tea tree oil is 3.5 times more effective in reducing pimples as compared to a placebo.

You should avoid popping pimples at home especially if they are deep pimples. Popping pimples can:

  • Make a pimple larger
  • Increase inflammation
  • Push pus and dirt deeper into the pore
  • Increase the risk of infection
  • Result in scarring

If the pimple is hard and causing distress, visit a skin specialist near you. A dermatologist can remove it safely and properly. They can drain it effectively, or for deeper pimples, they may use a corticosteroid injection.

Doctors to treat Pimples

Last updated on Thursday 20/10/2022

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Dr. Sommiya Anum

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Dr. Osman Mohsin

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Anjum Poly Clinic & Diagnostic CenterRs 1500

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Dr. Uzma Khalil

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