Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI)

Overview of Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI)

Infectious diseases of the upper or lower respiratory tracts are known as respiratory tract infections. People with weaker immune systems, children, and older adults are more prone to these infections.

Signs and Symptoms of Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI)

Infectious diseases of the upper or lower respiratory tracts are known as respiratory tract infections. The upper respiratory system starts at your sinuses and ends at vocal cords and the lower respiratory system starts at vocal cords and ends at your lungs.

Simply, RTIs are any infections that cause trouble in breathing.

Upper respiratory infections include common cold, tonsils, acute rhinitis, acute rhinosinusitis, and acute otitis media. Lower respiratory tract infections include bronchitis, pneumonia, Tracheitis, and bronchiolitis.
People with weaker immune systems, children, and older adults are more prone to these infections.

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Types of Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI)

The possible symptoms for RTIs can include:

  • Cough- you may have coughing with phlegm
  • Sneezing
  • Congestion in the nose or congestion on the chest
  • A sore throat
  • Headaches/body pains
  • Tightness in the chest or wheezing
  • A high fever
  • A general feeling of being unwell
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Risk Factors of Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI)

There can be several different causes of respiratory infection.
Some possible causes of upper respiratory infection are:

  • Acute pharyngitis
  • Possible ear infection common cold
  • Sinusitis
  • Tonsillitis
  • Laryngitis

Some causes of lower respiratory tract infections can be:

  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia – a lung infection
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Chest infection

Flu is a condition that can be considered as lower or upper RTI. Usually, lower RTIs tend to last for a longer duration of time and are more severe.

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Prevention

In our current environment, sooner or later you will be exposed to some viruses or bacteria. However, there are some conditions that make you more susceptible to these diseases. These risks can include:

  • People with a weaker immune system
  • Children
  • People who already have some underlying condition like a heart or lung disease
  • Older adults
  • Smokers

Complications

Possible complications of respiratory tract infections
Usually, RTIs are not very serious but negligence and some other underlying medical condition can cause serious complications. Some of these complications can be:

  • Respiratory arrest
  • Respiratory failure
  • Congestive heart failure
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Diagnosis

Having proper vaccines like MMR vaccine, Influenza, and Pneumovax vaccine can lower the chances of any such infections.

Treatment of Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI) | When to Consult a Doctor

Usually, your doctor will diagnose this disease based on the sound of your lungs when you breathe. Abnormal sounds may indicate the presence of fluid or inflammation in the lungs.
For lower respiratory tract infections, your doctor might suggest an X-ray or a CT scan to analyze the condition of the lungs.

Some other diagnostic methods can be:

  • Lung function test
  • Pulse ox – to check the level of oxygen in the blood
  • Mouth or nose swab
  • A sputum culture

Doctors to treat Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI)

Last updated on Monday 21/11/2022

Doctor

Dr. Muhammad Asif Siddiqui

Pediatrician | MBBS, FCPS , FCPS(Neonatal Medicine),PGPN, IPPN,CHPE , CHR

National Hospital & Medical CenterRs 2000

3

Today’s Slots

99%

Satisfaction Rate

12

Years

Highly recommended. Very good doctor

Doctor

Dr. Shahid Aslam

Neonatologist, Pediatrician | MBBS , MRCP , MRCPCH

Doctors HospitalRs 2500

0

Today’s Slots

99%

Satisfaction Rate

33

Years

Highly Recommended

Doctor

Dr. Tariq Rafiq Khan

Neonatologist, Pediatrician | MBBS, MD, DABP, FAAP

Pediatric ClinicRs 2500

13

Today’s Slots

99%

Satisfaction Rate

41

Years

Highly Recommended

All Doctors treating Respiratory Tract Infections (RTI)