Patient's Complete Guide to Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)

Overview of Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)

Insomnia or نیند نہ آنا is a sleeping disorder, where a person has difficulty in sleep. It can be short-lived or long-lived. It can be chronic or acute. Insomnia leads to many negative consequences on health.

Signs and Symptoms of Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)

Some of the common symptoms of insomnia (sleeping disorder) are:

  • Difficulty sleeping.
  • Getting sleep for a short time.
  • Being awake multiple times at night.
  • Feeling like you haven't slept at all
  • Waking up early

Types of Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)

There are three types of insomnia, including:

  • Acute
  • Chronic insomnia
  • Transient

Insomnia, a sleep disorder, involves a condition in which a person experiences difficulty with sleep quality, sleep initiation, sleep maintenance, etc.

Causes of Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)

There can be various causes of insomnia. Such as:

Physical Causes

  • A sleep disorder (insomnia) may be caused due to physical effects such as:
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Congenital heart failure
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hepatic insufficiency
  • Renal insufficiency
  • Dementia
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Endocrine disorder
  • Sleep apnea
  • Skin infestation
  • Orthopedic pain such as low back pain, fractures, etc
  • Rheumatic pain
  • Cramps
  • Neuralgia
  • Renal colic
  • Itching
  • Dyspnoea
  • Nocturia
  • Too cold or warm environmental temperatures
  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Tranquillizers
  • Analgesics
  • Any medicines affecting the brain may cause insomnia in withdrawal

Mental Health Causes of Insomnia

According to healthcare providers or psychiatrists, sleep disorder (insomnia) may also be due to mental, emotional, or psychological stress such as:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Schizophrenia
  • Obsessional neurosis
  • Hypomania
  • Mental anorexia

Behavioural Causes of Insomnia

Insomnia may also be caused due to changes in their lifestyle. These behavioural changes mostly occur in adults due to social or peer pressure, work stress, financial issues, etc, which later become a mental illness.

Risk Factors of Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)

Almost once or more, every person experiences a sleep disturbance. But some different factors put you at high risk of insomnia, such as:

  • Women
  • Overage 60
  • Suffering from mental health conditions
  • Under stress
  • Irregular schedule or job with change shifts

Health-Related Complications of Sleep Disorder (Insomnia)

Sleep is a key to your health and plays an important role as your diet and exercise do. Insomnia affects both your mental and physical health conditions. You may experience different types of complications due to insomnia, such as:

  • Mental health disorders, like depression, etc.
  • Chronic health diseases, like heart disease and blood pressure
  • Low performance

Prevention

Healthy tips can help you deal with insomnia, a sleep disorder.

  • Make a schedule for sleep time and get up at the same time every morning.
  • Avoid heavy meals as they can cause bloating and disturb your sleep quality.
  • Experts suggest avoiding the intake of caffeine and nicotine.
  • Exercise regularly before at least 3 to 4 hours of bedtime.
  • Use your bed only for sleep.
  • Do not lie on your bed and awake to worry about things.
  • Go to bed when you feel sleepy.

Diagnosis

In order to diagnose Insomnia, the doctor will:

  • Take a brief medical history of the patient.
  • Ask about your sleep history and lifestyle habits in a detailed way.
  • Do a physical exam, to get to know about other medical problems to be a cause of insomnia.
  • Check if the patient has any sleep apnea or any mental health condition.

Treatment of Sleep Disorder (Insomnia) | When to Consult a Doctor

As you know insomnia is a sleep disorder and quite common among the general population. It needs to be treated and managed. Following are some of the to treat and manage insomnia:

Healthy Lifestyle

Good sleeping habits, a healthy lifestyle, engaging yourself in different activities to reduce and manage stress are some of the healthy lifestyle habits for treating insomnia. It is usually helpful for relieving acute (short-term) insomnia. These changes make it easier for you to sleep well.

Counselling

Insomnia patients need intense counselling from doctors, termed cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT). It is beneficial to relieve the anxiety linked to (ongoing) chronic insomnia.

Medications

Medication is also given by the doctor to treat insomnia and reestablish the regular sleep pattern.

Note: (Take these medicines only on your doctor’s recommendation)

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