Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Overview of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma can be superficial or skin deep. The early stage of SCC has a cure rate of 98 percent. Advanced stage SCC can be highly aggressive.

Signs and Symptoms of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Skin cancer is the rapid, abnormal growth of skin cells. As the name indicates, it affects the skin, mostly the areas exposed to the sun. Most skin cancers form in the superficial layer of the skin, the epidermis.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma is characterized by the abnormal growth of squamous cells. These cells are located near the skin surface and are continuously shed as new cells form.

DNA damage due to UV exposure or other agents can cause the squamous cells to grow out of control.
If it is caught early, it is curable. The advanced growth of these cancer cells can be dangerous and deadly. Squamous cell carcinoma can also metastasize.
It is an aggressive form of cancer but is not usually life-threatening. It can occur anywhere on the body that has squamous cells.

Prevalence of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

20 percent of all skin cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. It is the second most common skin cancer.  Almost 95 to 98 percent of squamous cell carcinomas can be cured if treated early. The 5-year survival rate is almost 99 percent in early detected cases.

In Pakistan, the prevalence is almost 15 percent. More than 1 million cases of squamous cell carcinoma are diagnosed each year.

Find the suitable doctor treating this disease

View doctors
view-doctor

Types of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Signs and symptoms of SCC include:

  • Persistent scaly, red patch
  • Patches that bleed or has a scaly crust
  • Firm, red nodule
  • Open sores that bleed often
  • Thich, rough skin with wart-like growth
  • Growths with a central depression
  • Itchy patches
Happniness

Risk Factors of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

This type of cancer like other cancers occurs due to DNA mutations causing the cells to grow out of control. A weakened immune system or prolonged exposure to UV radiation is the usual and common cause of squamous cell carcinoma.

Happniness

Prevention

Risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma include:

  • Skin colour such as fair skin
  • Tanning beds
  • Sunburn history
  • History of skin cancer or lesions
  • Weak immune system
  • Rare genetic disorders
  • UV exposure
  • Being older
  • Previous Skin Cancer
  • Being male
  • Exposure to certain chemicals i.e., pesticides, coal, tar and paraffin.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Health Complications

The most common complication related to squamous cell carcinoma is scarring. The treatment of cancer leaves deep scars on the body. It goes so deep that the doctor has to remove the healthy skin along with the tumour. Otherwise, there are high chances of cancer spreading during the time of surgery.

Happniness

Diagnosis

The best way to prevent squamous cell carcinoma is to shield your skin from sunlight every day.

  • Apply sunscreen of broad-spectrum with a minimum of 30 SPF.
  • Reapply the sunscreen after every two hours.
  • Stay in the shade.
  • Wear protective hats and clothing.

Treatment of Squamous Cell Carcinoma | When to Consult a Doctor

A diagnosis is given by:

  • Examining the skin and recording the complete family and personal history
  • A biopsy of the lesion is done to confirm the diagnosis.

Doctors to treat Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Last updated on Thursday 27/10/2022

Doctor

Dr. Amjad S.K Durrani

Oncologist | MBBS, AFSA, Medical Oncology, DMRT

Wazir Habib Cancer CenterRs 3500

24

Today’s Slots

98%

Satisfaction Rate

18

Years

Highly recommended. Very good doctor

Doctor

Dr. Nadeem Zia

Oncologist | MBBS , DMRT , TTPS

Mid City HospitalRs 3000

0

Today’s Slots

98%

Satisfaction Rate

27

Years

Highly Recommended

Doctor

Dr. Amna Masood

Oncologist | MBBS, FCPS

Pak Onco CareRs 1000

0

Today’s Slots

97%

Satisfaction Rate

13

Years

Highly Recommended

All Doctors treating Squamous Cell Carcinoma