Patient's Complete Guide to Syphilis
Overview of Syphilis
Syphilis Meaning in Urdu
یہ ایک جنسی بیماری ہے جو کہ جنسی عمل کے دوران پھیلتی ہے۔ اس بیماری کی ابتدائی علامات میں اعضائے مخصوصہ پر چھالے یا پھنسیاں نمودار ہوتی ہیں جو کہ درد کا باعث نہیں بنتیں، اس کے علاوہ منہ پر بھی چھالے ظاہر ہو سکتے ہیں۔ اس کو ایک متعدی بیماری بھی کہا جا سکتا ہے کیوں کہ یہ آسانی کے ساتھ ایک شخص سے دوسرے شخص میں منتقل ہو سکتی ہے۔ یہ بیماری چوں کہ جنسی عمل کے دوران منتقل ہوتی ہے اس لیے اگر آپ کا پارٹنر اس بیماری کا شکار ہے تو اس کے ساتھ جنسی تعلق قائم کرنے سے گریز کریں اور جلد از جلد علاج کروائیں۔
Syphilis (آتشک) is a sexual disease that is contagious and spreads through sexual activities including unprotected sex. The infected person might pass this disease to an uninfected one without knowledge.
Syphilis can lead to serious health complications such as arthritis, brain damage, and blindness.
Signs and Symptoms of Syphilis
Syphilis is a disease whose symptoms develop in stages. But even if the stages are overlapping the symptoms may not occur in the same order. A person may have a syphilis infection without showing any sign or symptom of it.
Causes of Syphilis
Syphilis is mainly caused by the bacteria named Treponema pallidum. You can also get syphilis if you get in contact with the infected person. This mostly happens during sexual activities. You can also get syphilis if the bacteria enter your body through a cut or bruise.
Syphilis cannot be spread by toilet seats, swimming pools, hot tubs, bathtubs, sharing clothes, and eating with the same utensils.
Syphilis is a sexual disease that has the following stages. And the sign and symptoms of syphilis evolve with each stage.
The first sign of syphilis is a small sore. The sore will be at a place where the bacteria has caused an infection.
The sore will develop after three weeks of infection. It might also go unnoticed because these types of sores are usually painless. This sore can get healed on its own within a span of three to six weeks.
After the healing process of the sore has started, a person may experience rashes that might originate on the trunk and then cover the entire body. It can also develop on the palms and soles of your feet.
The signs and symptoms of syphilis may disappear after some weeks or may come back after a year.
In case the patient has not been treated for syphilis, the disease might be from the second stage to the latent stage. It is a stage where the person might not even experience symptoms.
People who have been diagnosed with syphilis and are unable to get treatment might develop symptoms of tertiary syphilis. At this stage, this disease might affect the brain, eyes, heart, and some blood vessels.
Neurosyphilis is a disease that can cause serious neurological complications and damage to the nervous system.
Pregnant women who have syphilis might transfer this disease to their unborns. The newborns who have syphilis might not even show the symptoms.
The child who has congenital syphilis might experience some complications such as teeth loss, deafness, and nose deformities.
Risk Factors of Syphilis
Some common risk factors of syphilis are given below:
- Having unprotected intercourse
- Having sex with multiple partners
- A prior history of HIV
- Same-gender sex
Complications of Syphilis
If left untreated, syphilis can lead to various health complications. Such as:
Small bumps and Tumors
Patients can suffer from the development of bumps and tumors in the later stages of this disease. They can disappear after proper treatment with antibiotics.
Syphilis can cause serious neurological problems. Such as:
- Hearing loss
- Sexual dysfunction in men
- Bladder problems
- Visual problems
- Loss of pain
- Loss of temperature sensitivity
- Sexual dysfunction in men
- Urine incontinence
Untreated syphilis can put a patient at an increased risk of heart diseases and complications.
Adults who have syphilis are at a greater risk of contracting HIV infection and then AIDS. Syphilis sore has a high chance of bleeding and thus the virus can also find a way inside your bloodstream during intercourse.
If a woman has syphilis, she might pass it to her unborn baby. Syphilis can also increase the chances of miscarriage, stillbirth, and newborn death after some time of birth.
There is currently no vaccination available for syphilis. Given below are some of the preventive measures for syphilis:
- Use a latex condom
- Have protected sex
- Do not use drugs
The diagnosis of syphilis is done with the following tests:
These tests are performed to analyze the presence of antibodies in the body to fight infection. Antibodies that are produced in the body because of syphilis can stay inside the body for years and thus the test can be used to determine a current or past infection.
In case a person has neurological complications because of syphilis, your primary healthcare advisor can collect a sample of cerebrospinal fluid through a lumbar puncture.
Treatment of Syphilis | When to Consult a Doctor
Some of the prominent treatments of syphilis are as follows:
If diagnosed and treated early, syphilis is a curable disease. Penicillin is the most prominent antibiotic which is used for this disease. Penicillin is the only recommended medication for pregnant women who are diagnosed with syphilis.