Patient's Complete Guide to Thyroid Disorders
Overview of Thyroid Disorders
Thyroid disease is a common medical condition in which the person suffers from an imbalance in the production of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is a very important body gland that keeps track of metabolism, sleep schedule, and weight maintenance with the production of various hormones.
Although the effects of these diseases can be severe, it is possible to manage them with the help of an early diagnosis.
Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Disorders
There are two main types of thyroid disorders. And these two types are majorly differentiated because of their symptoms.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
Some common signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism are as follows:
- Sleep disorders
- Weight loss
- An enlarged thyroid gland
- Irregular menstruation
- Sensitivity to heat
- Blurred vision or eye irritation
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
Some common signs or symptoms of hypothyroidism are as follows:
- Weight gain
- Heavy menstruation
- Dry or coarse hair
- Having a hoarse voice
- Intolerance to cold temperatures
Types of Thyroid Disorders
There are two main types of thyroid disease.
It is a condition in which the thyroid produces a high number of thyroid hormones which can then lead to various health complications.
In this condition, in which there are lower than normal levels of thyroid hormones in the body.
Causes of Thyroid Disorders
In the Case of Hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which your body is producing too many thyroid hormones. The causes of hyperthyroidism are as follows:
- Graves’ disease
- Toxic adenomas
- Subacute thyroiditis
- Pituitary gland malfunctions
- Cancerous growth in the thyroid gland
In the Case of Hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the body suffers from low levels of thyroid hormone. Some major causes of hypothyroidism are given below:
- Lithium intake
- Exposure to too much iodide
- Removal of the thyroid gland
- Hashimoto's thyroiditis
- Pituitary disorder
- Defective thyroid
Risk Factors of Thyroid Disorders
Given below are the risk factors of thyroid disorders.
Hyperthyroidism Risk Factors
The risk factors of hyperthyroidism are as follows:
- Being female
- A recent pregnancy
- Any autoimmune disease such as type 1 diabetes
- A family history of thyroid disease or autoimmune disease
- Medical history of thyroid disorders such as goiter
- Over-consumption of iodine in food or medication
Hypothyroidism Risk Factors
The risk factors of hypothyroidism are given below:
- Being female
- Being over 60 years of age
- Radiation exposure in the neck region
- A family history of thyroid issues
- A family history of the autoimmune system
- Having a Caucasian or Asian ethnicity
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause
- History of lithium use
Chromosomal abnormalities such as Down Syndrome or Turner’s Syndrome
Given below are some preventions of thyroid diseases.
- Quit smoking
- Eat less soy
- Maintain a healthy diet
- Keep up with selenium supplement
- Pay attention to your annual check-ups
Often it is difficult to diagnose a thyroid disease because the symptoms might overlap with other issues or complications. Women might experience the same symptoms that they feel during pregnancy. But there are some tests that can help with the right diagnosis of thyroid diseases.
- Blood tests
- Visual tests
- Physical exams
Healthcare providers recommend blood tests for the proper diagnosis of thyroid disease. These tests are not only used for the diagnosis of hyper and hypothyroidism but also some associated disorders such as:
- Thyroid nodule
- Thyroid cancer
- Graves disease
- Hashimoto’s disease
Given below are some blood tests that are recommended.
Basic Thyroid Test
A basic thyroid test is performed on a collected blood sample. Your doctor might recommend you a thyroid test if he or she is speculating any underlying thyroid problem or issue.
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH is one of the primary tests for the early detection of thyroid disorders.
It is a test that is used for the diagnosis of both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Low levels of T4 are seen with hypothyroidism and high T4 levels may indicate hyperthyroidism.
FT4: Free T4 or Free Thyroxine
This blood test is a measure for the analysis of T4 and its level in the blood.
The T3 test is used for the diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.
FT3: Free T3 or Free Triiodothyronine
This test is used for the measurement of T3.
Visual Examinations Tests
Healthcare providers can also assess the situation by having a look at the thyroid. But in some other cases, your doctor might also recommend imaging tests such as ultrasound. With the help of sound waves, a visual image of the thyroid is obtained.
A physical exam is a painless method to check out the condition of the thyroid. Your doctor will conduct it in your office by simply having a look at your neck.
Treatment of Thyroid Disorders | When to Consult a Doctor
The main goal of the treatment of thyroid disease is to return the levels of thyroid hormones to normal. There are various other ways this can be achieved.
In Case of Hyperthyroidism
The patients might be recommended for the following treatments if they are suffering from high levels of thyroid hormone production.
The healthcare provider might recommend some medication that can level up the thyroid hormones in the body. Some common medications are as follows:
Radioactive iodine damages cell production in the thyroid. This leads to the maintenance of the thyroid gland so that it does not produce high levels of thyroid hormone.
These medications help in controlling the symptoms in the body.
If none of the above-mentioned methods is working, your doctor might recommend surgery so that the thyroid gland can be removed.
In the Case of Hypothyroidism
If the person is suffering from hypothyroidism, then these are the treatment options:
Thyroid Replacement Medication
This medicinal therapy allows for the addition of hormones back to the body. The commonly used drug for this purpose is levothyroxine.
Consult with Best Doctors for Thyroid Disorders
Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Pakistan
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Islamabad
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Lahore
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Quetta
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Sargodha
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Karachi
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Peshawar
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Faisalabad
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Rahimyar khan
- Doctors to treat Thyroid Disorders in Rawalpindi
Speciality for Thyroid Disorders
Hospitals to Treat Thyroid Disorders in Pakistan
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Islamabad
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Lahore
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Quetta
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Sargodha
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Karachi
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Peshawar
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Faisalabad
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Rahimyar khan
- Endocrinologist Hospitals in Rawalpindi