Urine Blockage

Overview of Urine Blockage

Urine Blockage Meaning in Urdu

یہ بیماری گردوں سے مثانے تک پیشاب لانے والی دونوں یا ایک نالی میں رکاوٹ کا باعث بنتی ہے۔ اس بیماری کی بنیادی علامات میں درد، پیشاب کرتے وقت تکلیف، پیشاب میں خون آنا، پیشاب کی نالی کا انفیکشن، اور ہائی بلڈ پریشر شامل ہے۔ اگر اس بیماری کا بر وقت علاج حاصل نہ کیا جائے تو گردوں کے شدید طبی مسائل لاحق ہو سکتے ہیں۔ گردوں میں پتھری بننے، ٹیومر، بلڈ کلاٹس، اور لمف نوڈز کے سائز میں اضافے کی وجہ سے اس کے خطرات بڑھ جاتے ہیں۔ اگر ٹی بی جیسی بیماریوں کی وجہ سے پیشاب کی نالی سوزش کا شکار ہو جائے تو پھر بھی اس بیماری کا خطرہ بڑھ جاتا ہے۔


Urine blockage, also known as urinary tract obstruction, is a condition where urine is unable to flow freely from the kidneys, through the ureters, and into the bladder. This blockage can occur anywhere along the urinary tract, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

Prevalence of Urine Blockage

Depending on the cause, urine blockage prevalence ranges from 5 in 10,000 to 5 in 1000. Urine blockage is most common in children due to birth defects, and in older men due to aging. 


Signs and Symptoms of Urine Blockage

The urine blockage symptoms can vary depending on the underlying cause and the severity of the obstruction, but some common symptoms may include:

  • Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or back
  • Difficulty starting urination or a weak stream of urine
  • Incomplete emptying of the bladder
  • Increased urgency or frequency of urination
  • Urinary incontinence or leaking of urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Painful urination or a burning sensation during urination
  • Swelling or discomfort in the genital area
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fever or chills in severe cases

If you experience any of these symptoms, seek medical attention promptly, as untreated urine blockage can lead to severe complications, such as kidney damage or urinary tract infections.


Types of Urine Blockage

Urine blockage types depend on where the obstruction occurs along the urinary tract. Here are some of the common types of urine blockages:

  • Kidney Obstruction: It occurs when there is a blockage in one or both of the ureters, which are the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Kidney obstruction can occur due to kidney stones, tumors, or scar tissue.
  • Bladder Obstruction: It occurs when the bladder is unable to empty completely due to an obstruction in the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine out of the body. Bladder obstruction can occur due to an enlarged prostate gland in men, bladder stones, or tumors.
  • Urethral Obstruction: It occurs when there is a blockage in the urethra, caused by many factors, including scar tissue, tumors, or a narrowing of the urethra.
  • Functional Obstruction: It occurs when there is a problem with the muscles or nerves that control the bladder or urethra, leading to difficulties with urination.

Causes of Urine Blockage

Urine blockage can happen due to many factors. Some common causes include:

  • Enlarged Prostate: The prostate gland, located in men, can become enlarged and press on the urethra, which can obstruct urine flow.
  • Kidney Stones: These hard deposits can form in the kidneys or bladder and block urine flow.
  • Tumors: Cancerous or noncancerous growths in the bladder, prostate, or urethra can obstruct urine flow.
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): UTIs can cause inflammation and swelling in the urinary tract, leading to blockages.
  • Strictures: Narrowing of the urethra or other parts of the urinary tract can result in urine blockage.
  • Neurological Disorders: Conditions that affect the nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injuries, can disrupt the signals between the brain and the bladder, leading to urinary retention and blockage.
  • Trauma: Injury to the pelvic area or urinary tract can cause swelling or damage that obstructs urine flow.
  • Medications: Some medications, such as anticholinergics or opioids, can cause urine retention and blockage.



Risk Factors of Urine Blockage

Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing urine blockage or urinary retention. Some of these risk factors include:

  • Gender: Men are more likely than women to develop urine blockage due to the prostate gland, which surrounds the urethra and can become enlarged or inflamed.
  • Age: As men age, the prostate gland can enlarge, increasing the risk of urine blockage.
  • Neurological Disorders: Conditions such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, or stroke can affect the nerves that control the bladder and lead to urinary retention.
  • Urinary Tract Abnormalities: Birth defects or structural abnormalities in the urinary tract, such as urethral strictures or bladder stones, can cause urine blockage.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as antihistamines, decongestants, or muscle relaxants, can interfere with normal bladder function and cause urine retention.
  • Surgery or Medical Procedures: Procedures involving the urinary tract or pelvic area, such as prostate surgery or bladder catheterization, can cause temporary or permanent urine blockage.
  • Certain Medical Conditions: Conditions such as diabetes, constipation, or chronic kidney disease can increase the risk of urine retention.

If you have any of these risk factors, discuss your symptoms and concerns with your healthcare provider to monitor for potential urine blockage or urinary retention.

Complications of the Urine Blockage

Urine blockage can cause many complications, some of which can be serious. These complications may include:

  • Kidney Damage: If urine flow is completely blocked, it can back up into the kidneys and cause damage.
  • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): Urine that remains in the bladder for a prolonged period can become a breeding ground for bacteria, leading to UTIs.
  • Bladder Damage: Chronic urinary retention can cause the bladder to become stretched and weakened, affecting its ability to contract and empty properly.
  • Bladder Stones: When urine is not regularly emptied from the bladder, minerals in the urine can crystallize and form stones.
  • Incontinence: In some cases, chronic urinary retention can lead to urinary incontinence, and involuntary urine leakage.
  • Overflow Incontinence: When the bladder is overfull, urine may leak out, leading to overflow incontinence.
  • Acute Urinary Retention: If urine blockage is sudden and severe, it can cause acute urinary retention, which requires immediate medical attention to relieve the obstruction.

Urine blockage is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention to prevent complications.




Urine blockage can occur due to many factors, including medical conditions, lifestyle habits, and anatomical issues. Here are some general tips to help prevent urine blockage:

  • Stay hydrated: Drinking plenty of fluids can help prevent urine blockage by keeping urine flowing smoothly and preventing the formation of kidney stones.
  • Practice good hygiene: Keeping the genital area clean and dry can help prevent infections that can lead to urine blockage.
  • Empty your bladder regularly: Holding in urine for too long can lead to urinary retention, which can cause urine blockage. Try to empty your bladder regularly, especially when you feel the urge to urinate.
  • Practice good toilet habits: When using the toilet, empty your bladder completely and avoid straining or pushing too hard.
  • Treat underlying medical conditions: If you have an underlying medical condition that can cause urine blockages, such as an enlarged prostate or kidney stones, follow your doctor's treatment plan.
  • Seek prompt medical attention: If you experience symptoms of urine blockage, such as difficulty urinating or painful urination, seek medical attention. Proper treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.




It is necessary to diagnose urine blockage promptly, as it can lead to severe complications such as kidney damage and urinary tract infections.

Here are some steps that may diagnose urine blockage:

  • Physical exam: A healthcare provider may examine the patient's abdomen, back, and genitals to look for signs of swelling, tenderness, or other abnormalities.
  • Urine analysis: A urine sample may test for the presence of blood, bacteria, or other substances that may indicate an infection or other underlying condition.
  • Imaging tests: Imaging tests such as X-rays, ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI may help identify any blockages or abnormalities in the urinary tract.
  • Urodynamic testing: Urodynamic testing may assess how well the bladder and urethra are functioning.
  • Cystoscopy: A cystoscopy is a procedure that involves inserting a thin, flexible tube with a camera into the bladder to look for any blockages, abnormalities, or stones.

If urine blockage is suspected, seek medical attention promptly to prevent further complications. Your healthcare provider will be able to determine the appropriate tests and procedures needed to diagnose the underlying cause of the urine blockage.


Treatment of Urine Blockage | When to Consult a Doctor

Here are some potential treatments for urine blockage:

  • Catheterization: If urine cannot pass through the urethra, a catheter may be inserted to drain the bladder.
  • Medications: Alpha blockers can help relax the muscles around the bladder, neck, and prostate gland, making urination easier. 5-alpha reductase inhibitors can reduce the size of the prostate gland, which can improve urine flow in men.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery can remove blockages or repair damage to the urinary tract.
  • Lifestyle changes: Limiting fluid intake before bedtime, avoiding caffeine and alcohol, and practicing pelvic floor exercises can also help alleviate symptoms of urine blockage.

It is essential to consult with a urologist to determine the appropriate treatment for your specific situation.