Patient's Complete Guide to Varicose Vein

Overview of Varicose Vein

Varicose veins have appeared as a bluish-purple coloured painful swollen leg in most of the people. They can be treated by different non-invasive therapies.

Signs and Symptoms of Varicose Vein

Varicose veins, also known as varicosities or varicosities, (Phooli hui rug/پھولی ہوئی رگ) is a condition in which veins become enlarged, dilated, and overfilled with blood. Along with it, a bluish-purple or red-coloured painful bulge has been observed.

Prevalence of Varicose Veins

Lower-limb varicose veins are very common in the people whose occupations require prolonged standing. Generally, lower-limb varicose veins rates are significantly high, about 10 to 30 % of people have reported worldwide. From which, women are more prone towards this condition.

Types of Varicose Vein

Varicose veins may not cause any pain if the following signs are present.

  • Dark blue or purple in colour veins
  • Twisted and bulging veins like cords on the legs

The signs and symptoms become painful, they may include:

  • Feeling  pain and heaviness in legs
  • Burning, throbbing, muscle cramping and swelling in lower legs
  • Pain gets worse after sitting or standing for a long time
  • Itching around one or more veins
  • Discolouration in skin around a varicose vein

Spider veins have resemblance with varicose veins, but they differ from each other in many ways that are:

  • Smaller than spider veins
  • Spider veins are closer to the skin’s surface
  • Spider veins have different size but look like a spider web
  • Spider veins usually occur in legs and face

Risk Factors of Varicose Vein

Varicose veins are the improper functioning of veins. These veins have a one-way valve that controls the backflow of blood. As these valves are not workable, blood starts to build up in the veins instead of moving back to the heart. In this way, veins become enlarged. Varicose veins often affect the legs area.


Certain factors that increase the risk of varicose veins are as follows:

  • Menopause
  • Pregnancy
  • Age above 50 years
  • Standing for long periods
  • Obesity
  • Family history of varicose veins

Health Complications of Varicose Veins

Few rare complications of varicose veins can include:

  • Ulcers: In some cases, painful ulcers may appear on the skin near varicose veins, particularly ankles. Before ulcer formation, a discoloured spot on the skin can be visible.
  • Blood Clots: Accumulation of blood deep inside the veins within the affected legs and they become enlarged. This condition is medically known as thrombophlebitis.  In such cases, persistent pain makes the legs swollen.
  • Bleeding: Most closer veins to the skin may damage. This typically causes minor bleeding, which requires medical assistance.


Here are some of the ways that can help to prevent varicose veins.

  • Having a healthy weight
  • Staying physically active
  • Eating right diet that contains more fiber and less salts
  • Altering your body posture regularly
  • Using compression socks and stockings
  • Maintaining good pregnancy sleeping position (on left)
  • Choosing right footwear and avoiding heels

Treatment of Varicose Vein | When to Consult a Doctor

To diagnose varicose veins, a general physician will do a physical examination visually such as, looking at the legs while standing for swelling. A doctor also asks a person to describe any pain in the legs.
A general physician may also recommend non-invasive techniques like ultrasound to identify the valves in the veins are functioning properly or diagnose any blood clot present in the vein.

Healthcare Providers

Consult with Best Doctors for Varicose Vein

Dr. Abdul Hameed, Dermatologist

Dr. Abdul Hameed

Dr. Asif Rauf, Dermatologist

Dr. Asif Rauf

Dr. Farrukh Aslam, Cosmetologist

Dr. Farrukh Aslam

Prof. Dr. Azam Bukhari, Dermatologist

Prof. Dr. Azam Bukhari

Dr-sheher Bano, Dermatologist

Dr-Sheher Bano

Dr Syed Afaq Ahmed, Dermatologist

Dr Syed Afaq Ahmed

Dr Ayaz-ud-din, Dermatologist

Dr Ayaz-ud-Din

Dr Shahid Raza Kazmi, Dermatologist
Dr. Momina Zaheer, Dermatologist

Dr. Momina Zaheer

Dr. Dureshehwar, Dermatologist

Dr. DurEshehwar

Speciality for Varicose Vein

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