Patient's Complete Guide to Vitamin D Deficiency

Overview of Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D Deficiency Meaning in Urdu

جسم میں وٹامن ڈی کی کمی کی وجہ سے ہڈیاں کمزور ہو جاتی ہیں جس کی وجہ سے ہڈیوں کا بھربھرا پن لاحق ہو جاتا ہے، اس کے علاوہ ہڈیوں کی کئی اور بیماریوں کے خطرات میں بھی اضافہ ہو جاتا ہے۔ وٹامن ڈی کی کمی کی وجہ سے تھکاوٹ، ہڈیوں کا درد، پٹھوں کا درد یا کمزوری، اور بعض دماغی مسائل جیسا کہ ڈپریشن بھی لاحق ہو سکتے ہیں۔ وٹامن ڈی کی کمی کا شکار افراد کو دن بھر میں کچھ دیر کے لیے دھوپ میں بیٹھنے کا مشورہ دیا جاتا ہے، جب کہ کئی لوگ وٹامن ڈی کے سپلیمنٹز بھی استعمال کرتے ہیں۔

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in some foods and added to other foods. It is also known as calciferol. It is also produced by sunlight on the skin which triggers Vitamin D synthesis.  

Vitamin D Deficiency is caused by the lower intake levels of Vitamin D in the body. This happens when sunlight exposure is limited and the kidneys cannot convert the inactive form of Vitamin D into the active form or when absorption of vitamin D is hindered. It is also known as Hypovitaminosis D

A lack of vitamin D can cause many health problems over time.  Vitamin D is an important nutrient that performs multiple functions including bone health, and calcium absorption.

Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency

Signs and symptoms of vitamin D deficiency include:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Bone pain
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle Cramps

Causes of Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency occurs when there is:

  • Lack of vitamin D in the diet
  • Vitamin D is not absorbed from food
  • Lack of sunlight exposure
  • Non-conversion of vitamin D in the active form
  • Medications that affect vitamin D absorption or conversion

Risk Factors of Vitamin D Deficiency

Risk factors related to vitamin D deficiency include:

  • Breastfed infants
  • Vulnerable groups
  • People with dark skin
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Celiac disease
  • Obesity
  • Osteoporosis
  • TB
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Chronic kidney or liver disease
  • Certain medications

Health Complications Due to Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency can cause many health problems including:

  • Loss of bone density
  • Hypertension
  • Immune system disorders
  • Rickets
  • Osteomalacia
  • Diabetes
  • Cancer 
  • Heart disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Autoimmune diseases

Prevention

The best way to deal with Vitamin D deficiency is by consuming a diet that is rich in Vitamin D and by spending time in the sun.

Some of the tips to overcome this deficiency include:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight: Cycling or walking provide both exercise and exposure to the sun. 
  • Being active with preventive health: People with a family history of osteoporosis or Vitamin D deficiency may wish to consider speaking to their doctor about certain screenings.

Treating medical conditions: People with health conditions that hinder the absorption of nutrients may find that treating the underlying condition helps boost their levels of certain nutrients, including vitamin D.

Diagnosis

The best way to diagnose vitamin d deficiency is the 25-hydroxy vitamin D blood test. A level of less than 12ng/ml confirms the deficiency.

Treatment of Vitamin D Deficiency | When to Consult a Doctor

There is no surgery or harsh treatment for this deficiency. Treatment methods include an increase in Vitamin D intake through diet and supplements. Sunlight exposure of 15-20 minutes is more than enough to start the synthesis of Vitamin D in the body.

 

Speciality for Vitamin D Deficiency

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