Overview of Wrinkles

Wrinkles Meaning in Urdu

عمر بڑھنے کے ساتھ جسم کے مختلف حصوں کی جِلد ڈھلکنا شروع ہو جاتی ہے، خاص طور پر چہرے کی جِلد پر جھریاں نمودار ہو جاتی ہیں۔ عمر میں اضافے کی وجہ سے جِلد کی تہہ پتلی ہونا شروع ہو جاتی ہے جس سے جھریوں کے خطرات میں اضافہ ہو جاتا ہے۔ جسم کے ایسے حصے جن پر سورج کی شعاعیں پڑتی ہیں وہ زیادہ تر جھریوں کا شکار ہوتے ہیں۔ اس کے ساتھ ساتھ پانی کو کم مقدار میں استعمال کرنے، سگریٹ نوشی، اور جینیاتی مسائل کی وجہ سے بھی جِلد پر جھریوں کا خطرات بڑھ جاتے ہیں۔

Wrinkles (جھرریاں) appear as folds, creases, and fine lines on the skin and are a natural part of aging. These are likely to appear on the areas of the face where the skin folds the most during changes in facial expressions. Wrinkles appear as the skin loses elasticity and becomes thin and dry with increasing age.

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Signs and Symptoms of Wrinkles

Wrinkles  are seen to be present around eyes, neck and mouth. The major symptoms of wrinkles on the skin include,

  • Fine Lines
  • Deep Crevices
  • Furrows
  • Creases
  • Crimps

Types of Wrinkles

There are different types of wrinkles observed. These include:

Smile Lines

Smile lines are observed on the sides of the nose to the corner of the mouth. This area is also known as the nasolabial region. They start to appear in the 20s and as the age increases they get deepend in the skin.

Lion’s Wrinkles

Lion’s wrinkles are seen right above the nose between the brows. These are usually caused due to excessive frowning.

Dynamic Wrinkles

Dynamic wrinkles start appearing as soon as a person enters the 20s. Crinkles start to form on the face every time you smile, cry or make expressions.

Rabbit’s Wrinkle

These are the wrinkles that are seen starting from the corner of the nose down to the eyes.

Crow’s Feet

As soon as a person reaches 40, lines on the sides of the eyes start to appear whenever a person smiles. These wrinkles are called crow’s feet.

Forehead Wrinkles

Forehead wrinkles, also known as worry lines appear as horizontal lines on the forehead. These usually start appearing after the age of 30.

Old Age Wrinkles

Old age wrinkles start to appear over time. They start at the age of 40. They occur due to a drop in collagen and elasticity in the skin. The renewal of cells also slows down with age causing more wrinkles.

Causes of Wrinkles

Facial expressions like smiling, squinting, and frowning can be a leading cause of wrinkles at a young age. These lines get deep with an increase in age. Dry skin type is the most vulnerable and prone to wrinkles. Some of the causes and risk factors of wrinkles can be controlled and some cannot be. Let's have a closer look:

Repeated Facial Expression

Facial expressions like smiling, frowning, and squinting can lead to the formation of fine lines. A groove is formed under the surface of the skin every time a muscle is used too much. This can get permanent with age, as the skin starts to lose its elasticity with age. With less flexibility in the skin with increasing age, it gets difficult for the skin to get rid of fine lines and they become permanent on the face.


As age increases, it starts to lose its elasticity and become more delicate. The lesser production of oils due to increased age then causes the skin to wrinkle. The fat present on the skin also starts to diminish from deep layers and this causes skin sagging resulting in more lines and creases.

Exposure to Sun

Exposure to the Sun and especially to UV Rays is a major cause of the formation of early wrinkles. The connective tissues, elastic fibers, and dermis (deeper layer of skin)of skin are broken down when exposed to UV Rays.


Smoking can damage the collagen that is a major part of the skin’s structure and therefore cause wrinkling of skin before time.

Skin Type

People with fair skins are more likely to get wrinkles on their skin because they are more susceptible to sun damage.


Risk Factors of Wrinkles



Wrinkles can be prevented in several ways, these are listed below:

Moisturize Your Skin

It is very important to hydrate the skin to prevent wrinkles as dry skin is more likely to get wrinkles and fine lines.

Quit Smoking

If an individual who has wrinkles smokes, then it is important to find a way to quit it. The skin texture and tone start to improve as soon as smoking is stopped lessening the chances of wrinkles.

Protect Skin from the Sun

Keep yourself away from sun exposure, spend as less time as you can in the Sun. Wear clothing with full sleeves, use sunglasses and wear hats. Apply sunscreen that has at least SPF 30 and keep reapplying after 2 to 3 hours.



Treatment of Wrinkles | When to Consult a Doctor

Wrinkles can be treated in several ways these days. Non-surgical procedures, medication, and surgery are majorly used by experts to treat wrinkles.

Non-Surgical Procedures

There are several non-surgical procedures to treat wrinkles. These include:

  • Botox Injections

Injections including Dysport, Botox, and Xeomin when injected relax the muscles of the skin that cause fine lines on the sides of the eyes, forehead, and other wrinkles. These can last for s few months and then are injected again.

  • Microdermabrasion

In this procedure, a brush is used over the skin to remove the upper layer, when removed gives new collagen a chance to form which then minimizes the appearance of wrinkles.

  • Skin Peel

Peels have ingredients like TCA (Trichloroacetic acid) and phenol that penetrate the skin and improve the presence of fine lines. Peels do leaves scarring on the face but these fade away in days.

  • Laser Resurfacing

Lasers are often used to stimulate the formation of collagen in the skin which helps to plump the skin and reduces the appearance of wrinkles.


Medications such as retinoids, tretinoin, and Revona work great in improving skin texture and treating pigmentation and the appearance of wrinkles. These at first can cause redness and peeling. But once the peeling stops, their results are amazing.

  • Plastic Surgery

Plastic Surgeries like brow lifts and facelifts can help a lot in lessening the appearance of wrinkles. These surgeries are not performed for minor cases. Women above the age of 40 mostly opt for plastic surgeries for wrinkles removal.

In case of any concerning signs and symptoms, you need to visit a certified dermatologist