Overview of Bedwetting

Bedwetting is common in children aged less than 6 in which a child releases urine during night either intentionally or accidentally.

Signs and Symptoms of Bedwetting

Bedwetting is the common term used for a medical condition, ‘urinary incontinence’ (enuresis). In this condition, a child releases urine during night either intentionally or accidentally. It is considered a problem among children who are unable to control their bladder even at the age where they should be toilet trained.
Girls usually have better bladder control capacity than boys.
Most of the children improve the bladder control on its own with age, only a few need the treatment.


Bedwetting is commonly found in 15 to 20% of children. It is diagnosed in boys aged more than 6 years whereas in girls aged more than 5 years.

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Types of Bedwetting

Involuntary release of urine (pee) by a child above the age of toilet training.

Causes of Bedwetting

Based on time, bedwetting is named as diurnal enuresis that causes urine release during the day and nocturnal that occurs during the night.

Two main types of bedwetting include;

  • Primary bedwetting: It occurs before a child is toilet trained. A child is not dry for any specific length of time at night.
  • Secondary bedwetting: It occurs after a child is toilet trained. A child has some period of dryness and then returns to a period of wetting.

Risk Factors of Bedwetting

Bedwetting is caused by some factors;

  • Late toilet training (above 5 years old child)
  • Poor toilet training
  • Small bladder capacity
  • Sleep disorder or poor sleeping habits
  • Improper hormone function
  • Psychological problems
  • Usage of caffeine
  • Sexual abuse
  • Fail to wake up at night
  • Certain medication



Risk factors include:

  • Family history: If any of both parents have a history of bedwetting then, their children have more risk of wetting
  • Stress and anxiety or any psychological problem

 Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)



Certain precautions can be taken, to reduce recurrence of bedwetting.

  • Reduce fluid intake at least 2 hours prior to bedtime.
  • Make sure to make your child go to the bathroom and attend their needs before slipping into bed.
  • Make a routine of waking your child up at least once at night.
  • Make the room setting close to the toilet so that it is easy and within reach.
  • Try using absorbent pants in extreme cases

Treatment of Bedwetting | When to Consult a Doctor

Bedwetting is diagnosed by a simple procedure. After taking a medical history of your child, a doctor may prescribe you some test to find the cause of wetting. These include;

  • Blood test
  • Urine test (to check for infection or diabetes)

 Measure of blood pressure

Doctors to treat Bedwetting

Last updated on Monday 28/11/2022


Dr. Junaid Habib Khan

Sexologist, Male Sexual Health Specialist, Urologist | MBBS , MS

National Hospital & Medical CenterRs 3000


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Sexologist, Urologist | MBBS, MS, FACS

Doctors HospitalRs 3000


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Dr. Faisal Ahmed Zaeem

Andrologist, Sexologist, Male Sexual Health Specialist, Urologist | MBBS, MD, MS (Urology)

Islamabad Diagnostic CenterRs 2000


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