Patient's Complete Guide to Sexual Disorders

Overview of Sexual Disorders

Sexual disorders refer to the physical or psychological problems associated with men that prevent them from reaching sexual satisfaction. These sexual disorders or dysfunction generally affect older age men.

Sexual disorders can be of several different types and can involve multiple causes behind. These disorders can occur during any phase of the sexual response cycle i.e., excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution.

Frequent problems with sexual function not only affect male sexual performance but can also impact their psychological health and relationships.

Signs and Symptoms of Sexual Disorders

Depending upon the sexual disorder, signs and symptoms can vary. However, some of the common symptoms of sexual disorder in men include:

  • Inability to get an erection
  • Difficulty to hold sustain the erection
  • Erections that are too not enough for sex
  • Low sex drive
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Delayed ejaculation
  • A quick orgasm

Types of Sexual Disorders

Sexual disorders in men are of the following types:

  • Desire disorder
  • Arousal disorder
  • Orgasm disorder
  • Pain disorder

Causes of Sexual Disorders

There are many different causes behind sexual disorders in men. These can be broadly categorized in into the following categories:

Physical Causes of Sexual Disorder in Men

Physical causes of sexual disorder in men include:

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Cardiac ailments such as heart problems, hypertension, etc.
  • Chronic illnesses such as diabetes
  • Neurological disorder
  • Urological infections
  • Surgical nerve damage
  • Certain types of cancer
  • Substance abuse
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Certain types of medications

Psychological causes of Sexual Disorder in Men

Psychological causes of sexual disorder in men include:

  • Marital problems
  • Depression
  • Previous sexual trauma
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Concerns related to sexual performance

Risk Factors of Sexual Disorders

Given below are certain risk factors that are associated with sexual disorders in males.

  • Body Weight: People who are overweight or obese are more likely to suffer from the problem of erectile dysfunction.
  • Lifestyle Choices: Unhealthy lifestyle choices are a significant risk factor for sexual disorders.
  • Existing Health Condition: Sometimes individual's health status is can increase the risk of suffering from sexual disorders.
  • Socio-Demographic Condition: This includes education level, current employment status, current living arrangement, and religious and cultural background.

Complications of Sexual Disorders

Some of the complications associated with the sexual disorder in men include:

 

  • Poor sexual perfromance
  • Anxiety
  • Low self-esteem
  • Pregnancy troubles in future

Prevention

You can prevent sexual disorders by following good lifestyle practices and taking care of your health. Here are some of the tips that can help you:

  • Management of body weight
  • Working out regularly
  • Get rid of stress
  • Eat healthy food
  • Quit smoking and alcohol
  • Avoid overuse of medications

Diagnosis

Your physician takes the following steps for the diagnosis of sexual disorders.

  • Physical Examination: During a  physical examination your doctor can take your existing symptoms, medical history, and other lifestyle habits into account to diagnose the problems. This also includes the examination of your genitals and rectal area.
  • Sexual History: A sexual health examination is next when it comes to diagthe diagnosis of a sexual disorder diagnosis. This includes inquiring about your current sexual health and past sexual experiences to make a confirmed diagnosis.
  • Psychological Examination: A psychological examination will tell your physician about your existing traumas that could be resulting in sexual disorders. Your thoughts and sexual expectations can
  • Blood Tests: A variety of blood tests can help your physician with the diagnosis of multiple sexual disorders. These blood tests include hormonal tests, penile blood testing etc.
  • Ultrasound: Ultrasound scans help your physician visualize any abnormality that could be resulting in sexual disorders.
  • Erection Test: These erection tests are an important part of the diagnosis of sexual disorders in men. Here are the common erection tests that are usually performed.
  • Injection Test:  An injection test generally involves the injection of an erection medicine into your penis that causes an erection that helps your physician to identify the problems with the erection.
  • Nocturnal Erection Test: This test helps to check if you get a nocturnal erection (while sleeping). Sometimes, the frequency and intensity of erections are also monitored using devices.
  • Reflex Assessments: Your reflexes assessed are also important when it comes to the diagnosis of sexual disorders in men. Sometimes, these assessments involve the use of electromagnetic vibrations to see how well regulated is your nerve function.
  • Leakage Assessments: Leakage tests are also an important part of sexual disorder assessments. These include:
  • Infusion Cavernosometry
  • Cavernosography

Treatment of Sexual Disorders | When to Consult a Doctor

Some of the possible treatment options for sexual disorders include:

1- Medications

Use of medications is one of the easiest treatments against a variety of sexual disorders.. These medications help to improve the blood flow to your genitals and work by relaxing your genital muscles. These medicines are commonly available with the following brand names:

  • Sildenafil (Viagra)
  • Tadalafil (Cialis)
  • Vardenafil (Levitra)
  • Avanafil (Stendra)

Note: Consult your doctor before taking any medications as these medicines can bring along some effects.

2- Psychological Therapy

For some patients, psychological therapy can help to treat sexual disorders by addressing the psychological causes. Several counseling sessions can help you to get rid of your sexual traumas, anxiety, depression, and other feelings that can be resulting in sexual dysfunction in men.

3- Hormonal Therapy

Sexual disorders that arise due to low levels of sex hormones are treated by this method. This includes hormonal replacement therapy that restored sex hormone levels in men.

4- Devices

Sometimes your physician can ask you to use devices that can help you with penis erection. These mechanical devices such as penis pumps are fairly helpful. These erection devices can also be paired with rings that can make you retain erections.

3- Surgical Treatments

 

In certain cases, you may require surgeries to open the blocked vessels that are causing you the trouble. Another type of surgery is penile implants which also work well where other treatment options fail.

Healthcare Providers

Consult with Best Doctors for Sexual Disorders

Dr. Khaleeq Ur Rehman, Urologist
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Dr. Safdar Ali Shah, Urologist
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Prof. Dr. Sajjad Hussain, Urologist
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Dr. Farooq Hameed, Urologist
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Dr. Farooq Hameed

Speciality for Sexual Disorders

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