Male Sexual Dysfunction

Overview of Male Sexual Dysfunction

Male Sexual Dysfunction Meaning in Urdu

یہ ایک عام بیماری ہے جس کی وجہ سے مردوں کو کئی جنسی مسائل کا سامنا کرنا پڑتا ہے۔ اس کی وجہ سے کئی مردوں میں جنسی تعلق کی خواہش کم یا ختم ہونے لگتی ہے اور کچھ مردوں کے لیے جنسی عمل کے دوران اپنے پارٹنر کو تسکین فراہم کرنا مشکل ہو جاتا ہے۔ عمر میں اضافے کے ساتھ اس بیماری کے خطرات میں بھی اضافہ ہونے لگتا ہے۔ سگریٹ نوشی اور جسم میں ٹیسٹوسٹیران کا لیول کم ہونے کی وجہ سے بھی یہ بیماری لاحق ہو سکتی ہے۔ اس کے علاوہ کچھ نفسیاتی مسائل جیسا کہ ڈپریشن اور اضطراب بھی اس بیماری کے خطرات بڑھا دیتے ہیں۔

Male sexual dysfunction refers to any difficulty or problem a man experiences during any phase of the sexual response cycle (excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution) that prevents him from achieving or maintaining satisfactory sexual performance. It is an umbrella term that represents all male sexual disorders. 

Prevalence of Male Sexual Dysfunction

Globally, more than 50% of men between the ages of 40-70 report some form of male sexual dysfunction, a high prevalence that rises with age. 

Signs and Symptoms of Male Sexual Dysfunction

Male sexual dysfunction symptoms may vary depending on the specific condition, but some common symptoms include:

  • Erectile Dysfunction: Inability to achieve or maintain an erection for sexual intercourse
  • Premature Ejaculation: Ejaculating before or shortly after penetration, causing distress or dissatisfaction
  • Delayed Ejaculation: Difficulty ejaculating despite adequate sexual stimulation and erection
  • Low Libido: Reduced interest or desire for sexual activity
  • Anorgasmia: Inability to achieve orgasm despite enough sexual stimulation
  • Painful Intercourse: Pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse
  • Peyronie's Disease: Curvature of the penis during erection, which can lead to pain and difficulty with sexual intercourse

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

Types of Male Sexual Dysfunction

There are several types of male sexual dysfunction, which include:

  • Erectile Dysfunction: The inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse.
  • Premature Ejaculation: Ejaculating before or shortly after penetration, often before either partner is ready.
  • Delayed Ejaculation: Difficulty in achieving ejaculation, even with prolonged sexual stimulation.
  • Low Libido: Decreased or absent sexual desire
  • Retrograde Ejaculation: When semen is redirected into the bladder during ejaculation instead of being expelled through the penis.
  • Peyronie's Disease: A condition where scar tissue develops inside the penis, causing a curvature or deformity that can make sexual activity painful or difficult.

Causes of Male Sexual Dysfunction

Causes of weak erection in men include: 

  • Physical Causes: These can be medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, neurological disorders, hormonal imbalances such as low testosterone, obesity, and injury to the pelvic area or spinal cord. An abnormality in penile arteries, veins, or both is what causes erectile dysfunction in older males. 
  • Psychological Causes: These can include stress, anxiety, depression, feelings of guilt, relationship problems, and a history of sexual trauma.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Lifestyle factors include smoking, alcohol abuse, drug use, lack of exercise, and poor diet.
  • Medications: Some prescription drugs used to treat conditions such as depression, high blood pressure, and prostate cancer can cause sexual dysfunction as a side effect.
  • Age-related Changes: As men age, they may experience a decline in testosterone levels and a decrease in sexual desire and performance.

It's important to note that sexual dysfunction can be a complex issue with multiple contributing factors. A comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare professional is often necessary to determine the underlying cause(s) and develop an appropriate treatment plan.


Risk Factors of Male Sexual Dysfunction

Male sexual dysfunction can occur due to many factors, including physical, psychological, and lifestyle factors. Some common risk factors include:

  • Age: As men age, the risk of sexual dysfunction increases. It is because aging can affect the body's ability to produce hormones and regulate blood flow.
  • Medical conditions: Certain conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and neurological disorders can increase the risk of sexual dysfunction.
  • Medications: Some medications can have side effects that affect sexual function, including antidepressants, blood pressure medications, and some prostate cancer treatments.
  • Lifestyle factors: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and drug abuse can all contribute to sexual dysfunction.
  • Psychological factors: Stress, anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions can impact sexual function.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: An imbalance in testosterone or other hormones can lead to sexual dysfunction.
  • Trauma or Injury: Trauma or injury to the pelvis or spinal cord can affect sexual function.

It's important to note that sexual dysfunction can occur without visible risk factors, and it's always best to consult a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Health Complications 

Male sexual dysfunction can have a variety of complications, including:

  • Relationship Problems: Sexual dysfunction can cause relationship problems, such as reduced intimacy, emotional distance, and lack of communication between partners.
  • Anxiety and Depression: Men with sexual dysfunction may experience anxiety and depression, which can further worsen their sexual problems.
  • Low Self-esteem: Sexual dysfunction can lead to low self-esteem and a negative body image, making men feel inadequate or unattractive.
  • Infertility: Erectile dysfunction and other sexual dysfunction forms can make it difficult for men to conceive a child, leading to infertility.
  • Cardiovascular Disease: Erectile dysfunction may be a warning sign of underlying cardiovascular disease, and men with erectile dysfunction may be at higher risk of heart attack or stroke.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes can damage blood vessels and nerves, leading to sexual dysfunction in men.
  • Prostate Problems: Sexual dysfunction can also be a symptom of prostate problems, such as prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate.
  • Sleep Disorders: Men with sexual dysfunction may experience sleep disorders like insomnia or sleep apnea.
  • Substance Abuse: Some men with sexual dysfunction may start substance abuse, such as alcohol or drugs, to cope with their problems.

Men with sexual dysfunction need to seek medical advice to identify and treat any underlying conditions causing their sexual problems and prevent any potential complications.



There are several ways to help prevent male sexual dysfunction. Here are some tips:

  • Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: A healthy lifestyle can help prevent many health conditions contributing to sexual dysfunction. It includes eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, sleeping enough, avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, and managing stress.
  • Manage any Underlying Health Conditions: Certain health conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease, can contribute to sexual dysfunction. It's essential to manage these conditions with the help of a healthcare professional to reduce the risk of developing sexual dysfunction.
  • Communicate with your Partner: Open communication with the partner about your sexual needs and concerns can help reduce anxiety and improve sexual function.
  • Practice Safe Intercourse: Safe intercourse can help prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that can contribute to sexual dysfunction.
  • Seek Help if you Experience Problems: If you are experiencing sexual dysfunction, seek help from a healthcare professional. Several treatments can help improve sexual function, including medications, therapy, and lifestyle changes.

Remember, sexual dysfunction can be a common problem, and seeking help is a sign of strength, not weakness.



Male sexual dysfunction diagnosis is made through medical history, physical examination, and specialized tests. Here are the steps typically taken to diagnose male sexual dysfunction:

  • Medical History: The doctor will ask about your sexual history and any medical conditions or medications contributing to the problem. They will also ask about any emotional or psychological factors affecting your sexual function.
  • Physical Examination: A physical exam can help identify any physical issues leading to male sexual dysfunction. The doctor will typically examine the genitals and may also check for signs of hormonal imbalances or other underlying health conditions.
  • Laboratory Tests: Blood tests can check for hormone levels, blood sugar, and other health factors contributing to the problem.
  • Imaging Tests: Ultrasound or other imaging tests may check for physical abnormalities contributing to the problem.
  • Psychological Evaluation: If the doctor suspects that psychological factors are contributing to the problem, they may refer you to a mental health professional for further evaluation.
  • Specialized Tests: In some cases, specialized tests may diagnose male sexual dysfunction, such as nocturnal penile tumescence testing or a drug injection to induce an erection.

Overall, diagnosing male sexual dysfunction requires a comprehensive approach that includes both physical and psychological factors. It's important to talk openly with your doctor about any concerns you may have about your sexual function, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve your overall health and quality of life.

Treatment of Male Sexual Dysfunction | When to Consult a Doctor

Here are some common treatments for male sexual dysfunction:

  • Medications: Medications like sildenafil (Viagra), tadalafil (Cialis), and vardenafil (Levitra) can treat erectile dysfunction (ED) by increasing blood flow to the penis.
  • Psychotherapy: Psychological issues like anxiety, depression, and stress can contribute to sexual dysfunction. Psychotherapy can help you address these issues and improve your sexual function.
  • Lifestyle Changes: Making lifestyle changes like reducing stress, losing weight, and quitting smoking can improve your sexual function.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat sexual dysfunction. For example, penile implants can treat ED.
  • Alternative Therapies: Some men find that alternative therapies like acupuncture or herbal supplements can improve their sexual function. 

It's important to note that the treatment for male sexual dysfunction will depend on the underlying cause. It's best to consult with a Urologist or sexologist to determine the best course of treatment for you.