First, a physical examination will be done. The doctor will ask for all your medical records, your family history, as well as any symptoms that you might be possibly facing.
Sensitive imaging techniques are used to give a proper diagnosis; these include:
A Computerized Tomography scan or CT scan of the chest with IV contrast is done to make the heart, aorta, and other blood vessels visible. A tear is visible in the scan.
A Transesophageal Echocardiogram or TEE uses an ultrasound probe to produce an image of the heart.
An MRA or Magnetic Resonance Angiogram is used to look at the blood vessels. This is very helpful in diagnosing a dissection.
All of the above mentioned diagnostic tests are available all over Pakistan.