Patient's Complete Guide to Male Pattern Baldness

Overview of Male Pattern Baldness

Male Pattern Baldness Meaning in Urdu

مردوں میں بالچر یا گنجا پن ایک عام حالت ہے جس کا سامنا بہت سے لوگوں کو کرنا پڑتا ہے۔ مردوں میں جب بالچر جب شروع ہوتا ہے تو ان کے سر کے بال جھڑنا شروع ہو جاتے ہیں۔ کچھ مردوں میں سر کے بال مکمل طور پر جھڑ جاتے ہیں، جب کہ کچھ مردوں کو جزوی طور پر بالچر کا سامنا کرنا پڑتا ہے۔ اس بیماری کی وجہ سے سر کے بال پتلا ہونا بھی شروع ہو جاتے ہیں۔ عمر میں اضافے کی وجہ سے جسم میں ہارمونز کے لیول میں تبدیلی واقع ہونا شروع یو جاتی ہے، جس کی وجہ سے بالچر شروع ہو جاتا ہے۔

Androgenic alopecia or male pattern baldness (مردانہ گنجا پن) is a condition that affects men. In this medical condition, men suffer from a loss of hair. It is a disease that mostly occurs due to significant changes in the hormone level in men.
In this condition mainly the hair tends to thin at the temples and subsequently at the crown. Thinning of hair both at the temples and the top of the head leads to the development of a bald patch in the middle of the scalp.
Sometimes this receding hairline can leave a rim of hair around the back or the sides of the scalp. If that rim of hair also goes, men are left with a completely bald scalp.

Signs and Symptoms of Male Pattern Baldness

The most common symptoms of male pattern baldness are:

  • Gradual thinning of the crown
  • Bald spot all over the head
  • Sudden loss of hair
  • Loss of hair from arm, leg, and chest
  • Patches of scaling on the head

Causes of Male Pattern Baldness

The hairs are present in tiny pouches that are located just below the skin layer. It is in three years that hair completes its growth cycle.
With the passage of time the hair will fall out and new hair will grow from the same follicle. The growth of hair, shedding, and then its regrowth is something that occurs throughout the lifecycle of men.

But certain key factors influence this overall process.

  • Genetics

According to medical studies, 95 % of hair loss in men is due to genetics. This mostly happens because of the person’s being genetically sensitive to the conversion of testosterone to DHT (Dihydrotestosterone).
With the presence of DHT, the hair follicles that are used to produce hair shrink over time. This causes a significant impact on the lifespan of the hair follicles. Thus, either the production of hair is stopped or fragile hair is produced. Most of the cases of male pattern baldness are because of the genes from their maternal or paternal side.

  • Age

It can originate at any time during a male’s life. Male pattern baldness is not that disease that only attacks your scalp at a specific stage of your life. Male pattern baldness can affect any age group.
The stats even show that 25% of males tend to lose their hair during their teen years due to genetic sensitivity. At 35 years of age, 66% of the men have experienced hair loss one way or another. In the later years of their life, 85% of men have notably thin hair at their crown or temples.

  • Poor Dietary Choices

Poor dietary choices are also one of the contributing factors towards receding hairline. Irregulated and over-the-top consumption of selenium and vitamin A can cause the thinning of hair both at the top of the head and sides.

Male Pattern Baldness Stages

There is a scale of male pattern baldness which is known as the Norwood scale. This is the scale that covers the issues from a thinning hairline to a bald head.

  • Stage 1

This is the first stage of hair loss. In this, a person suffers from unnoticeable thinning of hair.

  • Stage 2

In this stage, the receding hairline becomes slightly notable. The sideburns of the temples are the first victims of hair loss.

  • Stage 3

Norwood stage 3 is a bit more visible and the receding hairline can take the shape of M or U.

  • Stage 4

This is the stage where hair loss is much more visible than ever. Men lose a big chunk of their hair at this stage and the pattern of baldness progresses.

  • Stage 5

At this stage of Norwood hair loss, most of the hair follicles have shrunk and the hair at the top of the head starts to thin.

  • Stage 6

This stage is severe because a person has lost almost 80% of their hair and even the boundary lines of the crown and the vertex scalp have thinned.

  • Stage 7

This is the most severe stage of male pattern baldness. A person would lose all of the hair and the few remaining ones will be thin and highly fragile.

Risk Factors of Male Pattern Baldness

Given below are certain risk factors that are associated with baldness in men.

  • High Levels Of Testosterone

Testosterone has crucial and undeniable impacts on men. It gives them their sex drive and is also responsible for the sperm count. Although it acts directly on the cells, there are some occasions when it gets converted into DHT.
DHT is responsible for acne development, hair growth on the chest, and hair loss from the scalp. This conversion of testosterone into DHT affects hair growth in men.

  • Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar levels are quite high and the rate of insulin production is majorly reduced. This condition can lead to serious medical issues.
Diabetes tends to meddle with normal hair growth. If you have diabetes the rate of hair fall is higher than usual. It is not just your scalp that suffers from hair loss. Your arms and legs also start losing hair. This mainly occurs because the immune system starts attacking the hair pouches that contain hair. This then gives rise to balding.

  • Obesity

If you are overweight, you are highly vulnerable to chronic diseases. These chronic diseases can cause baldness. In the case of obesity, a person has a higher chance of getting cardiac, liver, or kidney diseases. These diseases can then damage your hair follicles and will affect the hairline.

  • Hypertension

People who suffer from high blood pressure can be the victim of hair loss. High-stress levels can cause a person to lose their hair at a faster pace.

Prevention

Although the male pattern baldness cure does not exist to this date. There still exist certain lifestyle choices or dietary habits that you can make to slim down the disastrous effects on your body.

  • Gentle with Your Hair

While you are combing your hair, always use soft hands. If you tug too hard you are stretching the hair follicles with a large pressure more than they can handle.

  • Avoid Combing Wet Hair

When your hair is wet, the follicles are more susceptible to damage. If you comb your hair at that time the hair loss can be significant.

  • Cover Your Hair in Sunlight

Too much exposure to sunlight can also have deleterious effects on your hair follicles. So when you are outside you should cover your hair either with a cap or hat.

Diagnosis

To stop male pattern baldness diagnosis is the first step. The first and foremost step is the assessment of the receding hairline. This is accompanied by a medical history that also has family information. A dermatologist or a hair transplant surgeon can examine the affected scalp.
Another method for the diagnosis is scalp biopsy. This is mainly done to comprehend that either the hair loss is due to poison or not.

Treatment of Male Pattern Baldness | When to Consult a Doctor

Depending upon the severity of hair loss there are several treatments that can be effective. Some of the given below treatments can provide the best answer to your hair loss problems.

  • Hairpieces or Wigs

This method is extremely cheap and is the most widely applied one. Rather than opting for surgeries most of the time patients tend to use hairpieces or wigs to cover the bald patches on their heads.

  • Weaves

Another popular technique is the use of weaves. Weaves are identical to wigs but they are more advantageous because they are hair that is sewn into your natural hair. But for this purpose, a person should have enough hair so that the procedure can take place comfortably.

Furthermore, a person does not have to fear anything because weaves tend to stay on even during strenuous activities such as swimming, cycling, etc.

  • Medications

When the hair loss is severe, the use of medications can be the only saving grace. In such circumstances given below are some medicines that can be used for the treatment of male pattern baldness.

  • Minoxidil

It is an over-the-counter medicine that is directly applied to the affected scalp. This medicine aids in the stimulation of the hair follicles. It is an effective medicine because it slows the rate of hair fall in men.

  • Finasteride

High levels of testosterone are directly linked with baldness. This pill is an effective one because it interferes with the production levels of testosterone. Whenever you tend to stop using this medicine, hair loss strikes back.

  • Dutasteride

Another pill on the board that is highly effective for the treatment of male pattern baldness is Dutasteride.
Note:  (Consult your doctor before taking any medications)

  • Hair Transplants

It is one of the most common modes of treatment. In this method, the hair is removed from those areas where they grow at a fast pace and are placed in the affected regions where balding is occurring. It is an expensive procedure and requires the booking of multiple sessions.

  • Laser Hair Treatment

 Laser and light treatment is one of the latest and widely popular procedures.  But the chances of slowing or even preventing baldness through this method are very minimal. The sessions for laser therapy tend to last from 6 to 12 months.

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