It is a sub-specialized field of medicine that deals with surgical treatment and procedures of “weight-loss” and “gastric bypass” surgeries. Therefore together these surgeries are collectively known as bariatric surgery. In this surgery changes in the digestive system are done to help patients lose weight. This surgery is opted when the exercises and diet plan don’t work for weight loss.
The surgeons in this field are known as “bariatric surgeons”, “weight loss doctors” etc. Bariatric surgery offers immense benefits, but it has its risks and side effects as well. Since due to surgery, the patient is making a permanent change, therefore, in order to achieve better results, a healthy diet and regular exercise should be done.
Why is Bariatric Surgery Done?
Obesity or overweight increased the risk of various diseases and health issues such as:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease and stroke
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Nonalcoholic fatty acid liver disease (NAFLD)
Therefore, in order to lose excess weight, bariatric surgery is done so that obesity doesn’t lead to other health issues.
Types of Bariatric Surgery
Bariatric surgery offers four types of different operations which are:
- Adjustable gastric banding (AGB)
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
- Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS)
- Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG)
Based on the patient’s condition, different types of bariatric surgery are done. Each surgery has its own risks, advantages, and disadvantages. Before the operation, the surgeons discuss all the pros and cons of their customized bariatric surgery considering benefits and potential risks.