What is Hematology?

Hematology is an advanced branch of internal medicine that mainly deals with the study of the blood, organ forming blood, blood diseases and disorders. The word “heme” is taken from the Greek language and means “blood”. In the field of medicine, hematology particularly deals with the pathology, physiology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and follow-up of the diseases and disorders of the blood and blood-related malignancies. The malignancies related to the blood include sickle cell anemia, lymphoma, leukaemia and haemophilia.

Hematology is an ideal medicinal field for the medical health officers who have a keen interest in research related to health outcomes, clinical or basic science research and even translational research. This makes hematology an important and advanced field by continuing the major role in targeted therapy, molecular and genetic research, to diagnose and treat diseases.

Sub-specialities of Hematology

There are 4 major areas of study in hematology are:

  • Hematology oncology or hematological malignancies- This field deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the cancers of the blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes such as lymphoma, leukaemia and myeloma.

  • Hemaglobinopathy- It deals with the study of abnormalities of the haemoglobin molecules particularly in the globin chains, thalassemia and sickle cell anemia.

  • Anemia- It is a study linked with the conditions of the low levels of the red blood cells or haemoglobin in the body.

  • Coagulopathy- In this area of study, the hematologist studies the body’s inability to form blood clots such as haemophilia. In haemophilia, it becomes difficult to control the bleeding. 

Blood disease and disorders mostly start to develop due to the problems that arise from the “bone marrow”. Bone marrow is responsible for the production of the blood cells. Hence, hematology primarily aims at understanding the disorders of the blood, how these problems arise, how to treat the disorders and how it affects a person’s health.

What does a Hematologist/Blood Specialist do?

Hematologists or blood specialists or blood doctors are the specialists who diagnose, treat and prevent the disease and disorders of the blood. The hematologist also works with the other health practitioners particularly oncologists, nutritionist, transplant physicians, social workers and registered nurse etc. to provide treatment to the people suffering from blood disorders. 

In order to diagnose your condition, a hematologist would perform the following procedures and the tests:

Diagnostic test recommended by Hematologists:

  • Complete blood test- To diagnose blood cancer, blood infection, anemia, inflammatory diseases 

  • Platelet count- To diagnose and keep a check on a blood disorder

  • Blood enzymes test- To diagnose heart disease and disorders

  • Bone marrow biopsy- To diagnose and monitor anemia, platelets, thrombocytopenia and even some cancers 

  • Blood transfusions

When to Consult a Hematologist?

Your general physician will recommend you to visit a hematologist, if you are at risk of disease and disorders related to white blood cells, red blood cells, blood vessels, platelets, spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow and cancer. Some of the conditions related to the blood that  hematologist deals are:

  • Sepsis- It is an infection in the blood

  • Leukaemia- It is a cancer of the blood

  • Lymphoma- It is cancer that affects the lymph vessels and lymph nodes

  • Anemia- It is a condition in which there is a deficiency of red blood cells or RBC’s in the body

  • Sickle Cell Anemia- In this condition the red blood cells do not flow freely in the circulatory system

  • Thalassemia- It is a condition in which the body does not make enough haemoglobin

  • Haemophilia- In this condition, the blood fails to clot

Blood Diseases and Leukaemia | Services and Treatment by a Hematologist

Hematologists in Pakistan are well-qualified, experienced blood doctors treating all kinds of blood disease and disorders. Hematologists work with the other doctors in providing long-term treatment to the patients who have a chronic illness such as cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders and trauma. Hematologists are also responsible for screening your blood diseases in order to prevent serious illness. Some of the major disease and disorders that a hematologist cure are:

  • Diagnosis, treatment, prevention and management of the patients suffering from blood abnormalities 

  • Anaemia- Iron deficiency anaemia, sickle-cell anaemia, trauma-related anaemia

  • Leukaemia or blood cancers

  • Myelofibrosis

  • Multiple myeloma

  • Excessive production of RBC’s or polycythemia

  • Malignant lymphomas

  • Hemoglobinopathies or thalassemia

  • Bleeding and platelet disorders, for example, Von Willebrand disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and haemophilia

  • Myelodysplastic syndromes

  • Blood transfusion

  • Stem cell or bone marrow transplantation

Certified Hematologists in Pakistan | Just a Click Away!

Hematologists in Pakistan are the licensed medical healthcare practitioner having a degree of MBBS followed by 3 to 4 years of house job or residency in which they learn how to diagnose, treat and prevent blood disorders. Pakistan has many best hematologists who are working in various settings that include hospitals, private clinics, pathology laboratories and even blood banks. The specialist in this particular branch of medicine can further choose a specific area within hematology such as bone marrow and lymphatic organs, blood and platelets irregularities.

In order to help you, Healthwire.pk is providing you with easy access to Pakistan’s Best Hematologists. Healthwire is associated with the PMDC certified hematologists. You can find the complete list of both male and female hematologists and blood specialists all over Pakistan with their detailed information of expertise, practising location and timings.

You can easily book an “Online Appointment” or even opt for “Video Consultation” at your own ease, Anywhere, Anytime all over Pakistan by either Calling us at 04232500989 or download our Healthwire App to book appointments.

 

Frequently Asked Questions
What does a hematologist do?

Hematologists or blood specialists doctors are the specialists who diagnose, treat and prevent the disease and disorders of the blood. They also work with the other specialists particularly oncologists, nutritionists, transplant physicians, social workers, and registered nurses, etc. to provide treatment to the people suffering from various blood disorders.

Does a hematologist perform surgery?

This depends on the field of surgery, medicine, gynae, pediatrics, and others, in which the hematologist is working.

What is the other name of a hematologist?

Hematologists are medical specialists who treat blood-related diseases and disorders. They are also known as hematologist, blood doctor, blood specialist, doctor of hematology, blood specialist doctor, and خون کا کے سپیشلسٹ ڈاکٹر.

Why would a person visit a hematologist?

Your general physician will recommend you to visit a hematologist when the doctor would observe any abnormality in your blood test reports or if you are at risk of developing any blood disease or disorder such as anemia, blood cancer, haemophilia etc.

What are the diagnostic tests in hematology?

The common diagnostic tests in hematology are: A complete blood test or CBC test- To diagnose blood cancer, blood infection, anaemia, inflammatory diseases. Platelet count- To diagnose and keep a check on a blood disorder. Blood enzymes test- To diagnose heart disease and disorders. Bone marrow biopsy- To diagnose and monitor anemia, platelets, thrombocytopenia and even some cancers.

Are hematology and oncology the same?

Hematology is a field related to blood disease and disorders while oncology is related to cancer disease and disorders. However both fields work together while treating a patient with any blood cancer, in this condition, both medical fields are combined.

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