Medical genetics is the field of medicine that deals with the understanding of the genetic basis of diseases. Genetics can play a key role in understanding the pattern of inheritance of a variety of diseases. Finding the genetic basis of disease can help with the diagnosis and management of these diseases.
Knowledge of medical genetics can help with the:
- Determining the genetic risk factor of disease
- Diagnosis of diseases
- Exploring new treatment options for these diseases
- Development of drugs that can that target particular gene