What is Pediatric Neurology?

Pediatric neurology, also known as child neurology is the specialized branch of the neurology that deals with the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the neurological diseases and disorders related to newborns or neonates, infants, children and teenagers. Child neurology is a bit different from the adult neurology and it includes the diseases and disorders related to the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nervous system, blood vessels, muscles and autonomic nervous system of the children.

Sub-specialities in the Neurology

The three main fields of neurology are the following diagnostic disciplines:

  • Neurogenetics

  • Neuroradiology

  • Neurophysiology

Other 11 subspecialties of neurology are:

  • Acquired brain injury and neurorehabilitation

  • Neurovascular disorders

  • Epilepsy

  • Neuro-oncology

  • Headaches disorders

  • Neuromuscular disorders

  • Neuroinflammatory disorders

  • Movement disorders

  • Headache disorders

  • Neonatal neurology

  • Medically unexplained functional disorders 

What does a Pediatric Neurologist do?

The medical specialist who specializes in the field of pediatric neurology is called Pediatric Neurologist, Pediatric Neurophysician, Child Neurologist, Child Brain Doctor and Children Neurophysician.

Pediatric neurophysician diagnose, treat and prevent the diseases and disorders of the nervous system i.e. of brain, nerves, spine and muscles. Common problems include headaches, seizures and even developmental delays. Pediatric neurologists are not only focused on child neurology but also opt for a career in the laboratory, sub-specialities in neurology and other clinical and translational research.

Child neurologists also work as a team with other primary care doctors to draft a treatment plan for your child.

Diagnostic tests that a pediatric neurophysician will recommend for your children include:

  • Blood tests - It is a basic diagnostic test to check the signs of an infection or to check an electrolyte imbalance in the body.

  • Genetic tests - This test is done to look for any specific genetic disorder

  • ECG (Electroencephalogram) - This test is opted to look for the change in the electrical activity of the brain such as in case of seizures diagnosis.

  • CT scan or MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) - These are imaging type of diagnostic tests that help in looking the signs of infection, stroke, brain tumour, genetic disorders, multiple sclerosis and many other neurological disorders.

  • Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) test – This test helps in looking for the signs and symptoms of inflammation or infection. In this test, the spinal fluid sample is taken. The pediatric neurophysician take the fluid by inserting a needle in the lower back.

When to Consult a Pediatric Neurologist?

Your general physician will refer your child to a pediatric neurologist or pediatric neurophysician, if your child shows abnormal or concerning symptoms of neurological disorders, neuromuscular diseases, neuro-developmental diseases, epilepsy or seizures etc. Upon the first visit, your pediatric neurophysician will ask about the behavioural patterns of your child and then followed by the diagnostic tests. This is a very crucial step as the neurophysician will draft a customized treatment plan for your child depending upon the diagnosis.

Some of the common diseases and conditions that pediatric neurophysician treats are:

  • Autism

  • Brain injury

  • Brain Tumours

  • Cognitive neurology

  • Epilepsy

  • Neuromuscular diseases

  • Seizures

  • Sleep disorders

  • Infections and inflammations

  • Congenital disorders 

Children Neurological Disorders | Services and Treatment by a Pediatric Neurophysician

Pediatric neurophysicians are specialist brain doctors of children. The diseases and disorders which child neurologists deal vary significantly from a simple brain disorder to the severe migraines, neurodegenerative disorders, metabolic diseases and cerebral palsy.

Some of the most common and significant services and treatments offered by pediatric neurophysicians are:

  • Congenital metabolic abnormalities

  • Genetic defects, diseases and disorders of the nervous system

  • Congenital birth defects that affect both brain and spinal cord (e.g. Spina Bifida)

  • Childhood epilepsy

  • Neurological developmental problems in the children

  • Progressive neuromuscular condition

  • Speech and learning disabilities or abnormal mental developmental issues

  • Autism spectrum disorders

  • Behavioural disorders

  • Deficit hyperactivity disorder

  • Intellectual disability

  • Sleep disorders in children

  • Brain Tumors

  • Head Injuries

  • Excessive fluid build-up in the brain or Hydrocephalus

  • Hospice and palliative medicine

  • Neuromuscular disorders

  • Vascular neurology

Certified Pediatric Neurophysicians in Pakistan | Just a Click Away!

Pediatric neurologists or neuro physicians in Pakistan are the licensed medical healthcare practitioner having a degree of MBBS followed by 3 to 4 years of house job or residency in which they learn how to diagnose, treat and prevent neurological disorders. Pakistan has many best pediatric neurologists who are working in various settings that include hospitals, private clinics and research institutes. The specialist in this particular branch of medicine can further choose a specific area within neurology such as brain injury, cognitive neurology, neuromuscular diseases, neurodevelopmental diseases, epilepsy, hospice and palliative medicine etc.

In order to help you, Healthwire.pk is providing you with easy access to Pakistan’s Best Pediatric Neurophysicians. Healthwire is associated with PMDC certified Neuro physicians. You can find the complete list of both male and female pediatric neuro physicians and child neurologist all over Pakistan with their detailed information of expertise, practising location and timings.

You can easily book an “Online Appointment” or even opt for “Video Consultation” at your own ease, Anywhere, Anytime all over Pakistan by either Calling us at 04232500989 or download our Healthwire App to book appointments.


Frequently Asked Questions
What does a neuro physician do?

Pediatric neuro physicians are the children's neurologists who diagnose, treat and prevent the diseases and disorders of the brain, nerves, spine and muscles. Common problems include headaches, seizures and even developmental delays

What is the difference between a neurologist and pediatric neuro physician?

Pediatric neuro physicians are the specialists who diagnose, treat and prevent brain disease and disorders of the neonates, infants, children and teenagers while neurologists are also neurology doctors but they mainly treat people of all age groups.

What are the common signs and symptoms of neurological disorders?

Common signs and symptoms of neurological disorders are headaches, migraines, muscle weakness, seizures, poor cognitive abilities, loss of sense (either partial or complete), paralysis (either partial or complete), and decreased alertness.

What are the common neurological disorders?

The common disorders of the neurological disorders are headaches such as migraine, cluster, sinus, tension headaches, stroke, seizures, parkinson’s disease and dementia.

Can a damaged nerve be cured?

In many cases, a damaged nerve cannot be cured completely. But, now there are various advanced treatments to help you in reducing the symptoms. The reason for this is that nerve damage is a progressive illness.

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