Sleep Medicine

Sleep medicine and management is a subspecialty of the medical field that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and management of sleeping disorders. The specialists in this field are called “sleep medicine doctor”, “sleep medicine specialists”, “sleep medicine consultants”, “sleep physicians” etc. 

Sleep disorders are common and if left untreated, they can have long-term consequences. Let's take an example that if sleep disorders are not treated, they increase the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, stroke and heart issues.

Specialized Training in Sleep Medicine

Sleep medicine specialists are also known as “somnologists” if they have a different clinical background. Such medical experts need additional training in sleep medicine and are from the following speciality:

  • Anesthesiologists
  • Family physicians
  • Neurologists
  • Internal medicine doctors
  • ENT specialists
  • Pulmonologists
  • Psychiatrists 
  • Sleep psychologists
  • Paediatricians 

Sleep Medicine Tests, Diagnosis and Treatment

After an initial consultation and the type of sleeping disorder you are suffering from,  your sleep medicine doctor would recommend you following tests:

  • Blood tests
  • Sleep log
  • Polysomnogram or Sleep study

After assessing the results of the tests and based on the diagnosis, the sleep medicine specialists would recommend customized treatment. The treatment can range from sleep therapy, medication and surgery which are as follows:

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I)
  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
  • Medications
  • Oral appliance or mouth guard retainer
  • Sleep hygiene
  • Surgical treatment (hyoid suspension, hypoglossal nerve stimulator, radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction (RFVTR), septoplasty and turbinate reduction, UPPP etc)

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