What is Thoracic Surgery?

Thoracic surgery is referred to surgical procedures performed on organs in the chest region, including the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Thoracic surgery is often called ‘chest surgery’ and may be used to repair affected cancer, trauma, pulmonary disease, tumor, nodules, lymph nodes, and other affected areas. Thoracic surgery procedures are performed with either minimally invasive techniques or open surgical procedures for examining large cavity portions of your chest area.  

Thoracotomy procedures

A thoracotomy is performed usually to treat lung cancer using any one of the following procedures;

  • Wedge resection- this procedure removes tumor tissues. 

  • Anatomical segmental resection- this procedure removes blood vessels, lung segments, and lymphatic drainage where the tumor is progressing. 

  • Lobectomy- the entire lobe of the lung is removed that has cancer.

  •  Pneumonectomy- the whole lung is removed with the lymph nodes.

  • Pleurectomy- the whole inner lining of the chest cavity is removed. 

Minimally Invasive Procedure 

  • Video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS)- a small micro camera is inserted through an incision in the chest using a long thin tube with a small attached camera. A thoracic surgeon will operate using this small camera on high-resolution cameras. 

  • Robotic Thoracic surgery- Like VATS, this procedure also uses a camera incision. The procedure uses a console that translates the surgeon’s movement of the instrument. 

Who is a Thoracic Surgeon?

A Thoracic surgeon is a certified surgeon who performs surgery on the chest, long and thoracic area of the body. In Pakistan, a thoracic surgeon is usually a Cardiologist or General physician who has further specialized in thoracic surgery.  A thoracic surgeon is responsible for the preoperative postoperative and surgical critical care of chest problems for their patients. A thoracic surgeon in Pakistan is a highly specialized and experienced doctor who has intense interaction with patients preparing them mentally and physically for high-risk surgeries. A thoracic surgeon in Pakistan usually performs heart bypass surgeries, lung cancer surgeries, chest trauma, heart lesions, emphysema, heart, and lung transplant. 

Subspecialities of Thoracic Surgeon

  • Adult Cardiac Surgery 

  • Congenital or Pediatric Heart Surgery

  • General Thoracic Surgery 

Why do you need a Thoracic Surgeon?

A thoracic surgeon will be consulted when operations have to be performed on organs in the chest cavity. Usually, lung cancer cases are referred for lung surgeries and to a thoracic surgeon. Chest surgeries can also be required to diagnose, repair, and treat areas affected around the lungs, heart. 

Chest Anomalies | Services of a Thoracic Surgeon

 The most common diseases requiring thoracic surgery include;

  • Minimal Thoracic Surgery 

  • Lung Cancer

  • Benign Esophageal Disease 

  • CT-based Lung Cancer 

  • Mediastinal Diseases/ Thymoma 

  • Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy 

  • Lung Volume Reduction Surgery 

  • Esophageal Cancer 

  • Pulmonary Metastasectomy 

  • Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma 

  • Adult Chest Wall Surgery 

  • Trachea and Airway Diseases

  • Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery 

Certified Thoracic Surgeons in Pakistan Just a Click Away!

Most of the Thoracic Surgeons in Pakistan are board-certified Cardiologists or simple ‘General Physicians’, who have specialized in  ‘Thoracic Surgery’ fellowships with their study focus on chest surgeries, It is important for a Thoracic Surgeon to carry a license for practicing from a recognized board or state. Pakistan has many top qualified Thoracic Surgeons who are the best in their field. In order to help you, Healthwire is providing you with easy access to Pakistan’s Best Thoracic Surgeons. Healthwire is associated with PMDC certified Thoracic Surgeons. You can find the complete list of both male and female Chest Specialists from all over Pakistan with their detailed information of expertise, practicing location, and timings. You can easily book an “Online Appointment'' or even Opt for “Video Consultation” at your own ease, Anywhere, Anytime all over Pakistan by either Calling us at 04232500989 or download our Healthwire App to book appointments.

 

Frequently Asked Questions
What does a Thoracic Surgeon operate on?

Thoracic Surgeons specialize in surgical procedures of the disorders of hearts, lungs, esophagus, and major blood vessels in the chest and heart region.

Why would you see a Thoracic Surgeon?

People see a Thoracic Surgeon when they have complicated chest surgery problems. Usually, people with chronic lung, esophagus, heart, or any cancer developments require major operations which is where Thoracic Surgeon comes in.

Is Thoracic Surgery and Cardiothoracic Surgery the same?

Cardiothoracic Surgery is more focused towards treating heart disorders. A thoracic surgeon will address disorders of the lung, esophagus or other organs in the chest cavity.

How is Thoracic Surgery performed?

A thoracic surgeon will perform an incision in the inside of the chest between the ribs and then carry further operation procedures. A thoracic surgeon can also use other means of treating a problem without involving any incision method.

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