Venereology is a specialized branch of medicine that deals with the study of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The name of the venereology is derived from Venus- the Roman goddess of fertility, love and beauty. This speciality is also linked with dermatology in various areas of the world.
Medical experts who specialise in the field of venereology are known as venereologists. A venereologist is responsible for treating various venereal diseases that include viral, fungal, bacterial and parasitic infections. Some of the common and major diseases are syphilis, HIV infections, gonorrhoea, candidiasis, human papilloma infections, herpes simplex and genital scabies. Other diseases include hepatitis B, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum and cytomegalovirus.
Venereology is relatively a new yet important field of medicine. In the early 20th century, it would include only 5 venereal diseases. But, now, it includes various other STDs and even proper medical centres and experts to treat these diseases.