Patient's Complete Guide to Barrett's Esophagus

Overview of Barrett's Esophagus

Barrett’s disease is an esophageal disease in which the cells of the food pipe start resembling the cells of the intestine. Condition arises from the long-standing GERD and in some cases can turn into esophageal cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of Barrett's Esophagus

Barrett’s esophagus is a condition that affects your food pipe. In Barrett’s esophagus, cells lining your food pipe (esophageal epithelium cells) get converted into cells that resemble intestinal cells (metaplastic columnar cells).
The condition usually affects people who have suffered from GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) for a long time. Persistent acidic environments in the esophageal area can damage these cells. Visually, you see flat pink colored cells turning into red cells that are thicker. In some cases, Barrett’s esophagus can turn into esophageal cancer.

Types of Barrett's Esophagus

The problem is usually without symptoms. However, as the problem is closely associated with long-lasting GERD so the certain indications you need to consider as warning signs. Some of these include:

  • Frequent Heartburn
  • Swallowing Problem
  • Nausea
  • Acid Regurgitation
  • Unwanted Weight Loss
  • Chest Pain

Risk Factors of Barrett's Esophagus

Your food pipe that acts as a connection between your mount and stomach works normally. However, if you suffer from GERD for a long time then you are more likely to suffer from Barrett’s esophagus. It is important to know that not every GERD results in Barrett’s esophagus.


Other than GERD there are many things that can increase your risk of suffering from GERD. These include:

  • Family History: If any of your family members is suffering from Barrett’s esophagus it increases your chance of suffering from the disease.
  • Gender: Gender is an important risk factor in case of diseases like GERD. Males are more likely to suffer from the problem than females.
  • Age: Your chances of suffering from Barrett’s esophagus sufficiently as soon as you enter your 50’s.
  • High Cholesterol Levels: High levels of cholesterol in your blood contributes to the triggering of acute myocardial infarction. You can lower your cholesterol by changing your diet or by taking specific medications such as statins as per the doctor’s prescription.
  • Race: While people can suffer from Barrett’s esophagus as compared to other races.
  • Body Weight: When you are overweight it sufficiently increases your chances of suffering from Barrett’s esophagus. Overweight people have visceral fat accumulation that acts as one of the risk factors for the disease.
  • Smoking and Alcohol Consumption: If you smoke or used to smoke then this is another reason that you are suffering from Barrett’s esophagus.


Barrett’s esophagus is a common disease. However, you can do the following things to minimize your risk of disease:

  • Abstain from Smoking and Alcohol: Smoking and alcohol consumption serves as a major risk factor. You can avoid smoking and refrain from alcohol consumption as a preventive measure.
  • Maintain Ideal Body Weight: As already discussed, being overweight significantly increases your chances of suffering from Barrett’s esophagus. Maintaining your weight can be one of the preventive measures you can go after.
  • Focus on Your Diet: Consuming certain foods can be good for management of Barrett’s esophagus. You can add foods to your diet that calm your stomach and avoid ones that trigger your acid reflux.

Treatment of Barrett's Esophagus | When to Consult a Doctor

Problem of Barrett’s esophagus is usually without symptoms. However, tests to diagnose Barrett’s esophagus are:

  • Endoscopy: As Barrett’s esophagus changes the internal lining of your esophagus so your physician uses endoscopy to visualize the changes in esophageal lining.
  • Biopsy: After visualizing the changes in your esophageal lining, your physician may take a sample from your esophagus and send it for biopsy. Biopsy results further confirm the presence of Barrett’s esophagus.

Healthcare Providers

Consult with Best Doctors for Barrett's Esophagus

Dr. Humayoon Sarwat, Thoracic Surgeon

Dr. Humayoon Sarwat

Dr. Syed Mehmood-ul-haq, Thoracic Surgeon
Dr. Muhammad Shoaib Nabi, Thoracic Surgeon
Dr. Humayun Sarwat, Thoracic Surgeon

Dr. Humayun Sarwat

Dr. Adnan Sattar, Thoracic Surgeon

Dr. Adnan Sattar

Speciality for Barrett's Esophagus

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