Overview of Chalazion

A chalazion is a lump on either the upper or lower eyelid. It is not a serious condition and can be treated at home. It usually presents as a painless swelling and goes away on its own.

Signs and Symptoms of Chalazion

The bumps that are fluid-filled or an abscess can form anywhere on the body. Usually, they are filled with dead white blood cells and pus and they go away on their own within a few days or weeks. Sometimes drainage is done by making an incision in the area.
A chalazion (Oola /  اولا ) is a small lump or bumps on the eyelid due to a blocked gland. If more than one lumps are formed, they are called chalazia. They can form on both eyes simultaneously.
It is not a serious medical condition and does not require immediate attention. A chalazion may disappear on its own and then come back again.  There is little to no pain if you have a chalazion. A large chalazion can press on the eye and cause blurry vision.

Prevalence of Chalazion

The exact prevalence of a chalazion is not known but it is a very common condition. It affects adults more than children. Both men and women are equally affected by it.

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Types of Chalazion

Signs and symptoms of a chalazion include:

  • Red, swollen eye
  • Pain in the eyelids
  • A bump or lump in the swollen area
  • Watery eyes
  • Mild eye irritation
  • Blurry vision

Risk Factors of Chalazion

A chalazion is caused by the blockage of meibomian glands in the upper and lower eyelids. These glands make oil that mix with tears to moisten and protect the eye. Thick oil and blockage cause inflammation around the eyelids.
In very rare cases, a chalazion is caused by an infection.



Given below are the risk factors associated with chalazion:

  • Chronic blepharitis
  • Leishmaniasis
  • Viral infection
  • Carcinoma
  • Stress
  • Trachoma
  • Eyelid trauma
  • Bortezomib
  • Eyelid surgery
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Rosacea
  • High concentration of blood lipid

Health Complications of Chalazion

It is often considered a harmless condition but it can cause the following complications:

  • Astigmatism

A large chalazion can pressure the cornea. This can lead to poor vision.

  • Recurrence

Most of the time these infections do not resurface after treatment. But in other cases, they can.

  • Loss of Lash

Progressive and prolonged as well as untreated chalazion may lead to the severe loss of lashes.

  • Cosmetic Issues

A significant lump on the eyes can lead to cosmetic disfigurement. This also affects the physical appearance of the person. Furthermore, untreated chalazion can lead to a disfigurement of eyelids.

  • Dry Eye

Chalazion blocks the oil production in the eyes. This leads to the issue of dry eyes.



Following are some of the effective preventive measures for chalazion:

  1. Make sure to clean your eyelids daily to remove any bacteria
  2. Pay special attention to personal hygiene
  3. Keep your eyes clean all the time
  4. Maintain a good immune system
  5. Protect your eyes against dirt, pollution and smoke
  6. Make sure to use quality eye products
  7. Do not touch your eyes with unclean hands

Treatment of Chalazion | When to Consult a Doctor

No tests are required to diagnose a chalazion. Doctors may ask about the symptoms and general health history. A doctor would want to rule out other eye conditions during the exam.

Doctors to treat Chalazion


Dr. Mehvash Hussain

Ophthalmologist | MBBS , FCPS

The Doctors PlazaRs 2000

Rs. 2000

Minimum Fee


Satisfaction Rate


Years of Experience

Highly Recommended


Dr. Nabeel Iqbal

Ophthalmologist | MBBS, FCPS, MRCS

Hameed Latif HospitalRs 3000

VisionX Laser and Eye ClinicRs 3000

Rs. 2000

Minimum Fee


Satisfaction Rate


Years of Experience

Highly Recommended


Dr. Muhammad Hammad Ayub

Ophthalmologist | MBBS, FCPS

Hameed Latif HospitalRs 2000

Rs. 2500

Minimum Fee


Satisfaction Rate


Years of Experience

Satisfied with Dr. treatment.

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