Golfer's Elbow

Overview of Golfer's Elbow

Golfer’s elbow is a common injury that affects the inner side of elbow tendons due to external objects. The best treatable way is RICE technique.

Signs and Symptoms of Golfer's Elbow

Golfer's elbow is an injury of the elbow due to external objects that leads to pain inside of the elbow near the medial epicondylitis bone (named as funny bone).  Golfer’s elbow causes damage and irritation to tendons of the elbow attached to the muscles that go downwards to connect forearms with it. From there, the muscle attaches with another set of tendons, which further connects to the wrist and fingers. This helps the elbow for bending, twisting and gripping objects like a golf club, tennis racket, or hammer.  The repetitive movements, forceful gripping or twisting of objects during activities may destroy the tendons at the elbow. Patients usually feel soreness or pain inside of the elbow during or after continuous activity.
The main aim of treatment is to identify the exact cause and manage it through different techniques, depending on the severity of the injury. It is better to reduce the pain, inflammation or prevent recurrence of the condition.

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Types of Golfer's Elbow

The signs and symptoms of a golfer's elbow are based on how far the object hits on the elbow and what reaction a person feels after hitting. In common words, we can say the severity of the accident.

  • Pain and tenderness, a person feels inside of the elbow that spreads along the inner side of forearms. It will get worse after repetitive movements
  • Feeling stiffness in elbow
  • Weakness in hands and wrist
  • Feeling numbness or tingling in one or more fingers especially in rings and little fingers

Risk Factors of Golfer's Elbow

The main cause of golfer's elbow is excessive use of the elbow repeatedly without any care. This results in the inflammation of tendons. If the affected elbow is not treated on time,  it causes the degeneration of tendons. Any repetitive movements may result in continuous disruption of tendons. Following people have undergone at high risk.

  • Tennis players with powerful forehand and lots of topspin activity
  • Javelin passers with a poor, low elbow technique make the inner side of the elbow weakened.
  • Baseball pitchers
  • Over usage of computer keyboards
  • Manual labour like Carpenter

This concludes that not only sports people, but any person who uses their elbows excessively may have golfer’s elbow injuries.



Individuals who may have a chance of having golfer’s elbow that includes:

  • Above the age of 40 years
  • Involving in sports activities, at least 2hours/day
  • Being overweight
  • A tobacco smoker


There are different ways to prevent the golfer’s elbow to reduce the intensity of pain and stiffness.

  • Mild exercises or lifting light weights may have to strengthen the forearm muscles. This helps the muscles to absorb the energy due to mild pressure.
  • A person must do a walk or jog for a few minutes to warm up the muscles before the beginning of any sports activities.
  • Avoid overload on muscles that’s why trainers usually check the body posture  whether it is right or not.
  • Usage of appropriate types of equipment for example, if the person is a tennis player, then need to assure that the racket fits in their hands.
  • Lift the weights properly.
  • Take rest properly.

Treatment of Golfer's Elbow | When to Consult a Doctor

An orthopaedic doctor/ sports specialist diagnoses the golfer's elbow based on the medical history and a physical examination. Secondly, they usually evaluate the pain and stiffness of the elbow by applying the pressure on the damaged area and moving the elbow, wrist and fingers in different directions.
A doctor may recommend an X-Ray or golfer’s therapeutic ultrasound to rule out the other complications with the elbow pain such as a fracture or arthritis.  In rare cases, an MRI or CT scan is conducted to see the detailed scan of the affected area.

Doctors to treat Golfer's Elbow

Last updated on Monday 03/10/2022


Dr. Rana M. Tahir

Physiotherapist |

HM Diagnostic CenterRs 1500


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Highly Recommended


Prof. Dr. M. Tariq Sohail

Orthopedic Surgeon | MBBS, Masters in Orthopedics , FRCS , FICS

Doctors HospitalRs 3000


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Satisfied with Dr. treatment.


Dr. Shahzad Anver Qureshi

Orthopedic Surgeon | MBBS, FCPS

Masood HospitalRs 2500


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Highly Recommended

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