Tennis Elbow

Overview of Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is a painful condition that develops due to weakness of tendons. Tendons are fibrous connective tissues that attach your muscles to the bones.

Signs and Symptoms of Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow also known as ٹینس کہنی/Tennis kohni, is a painful condition that develops due to weakness of tendons. Tendons are fibrous connective tissues that attach your muscles to the bones. Tennis elbow is also known as lateral epicondylitis. It occurs due to the repetitive movement of elbow muscles. A minor treatment is required for this injury. But healing takes time and requires proper rest. It is not only a common problem in athletes but it also affects people who constantly use elbow muscles such as plumbers, painters, carpenters and butchers.
The pain of the tennis elbow occurs where tendons join the muscles and bones. It can also spread to the forearm and wrist. Over-the-counter medications help to relieve the pain. If symptoms don’t go away, your doctor may recommend surgery.

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Types of Tennis Elbow

The pain of the tennis elbow spreads from the outside of the elbow towards the forearm and wrist. Pain and weakness can interfere the daily routine activities such as:

  • Hold a coffee cup
  • Shake hands or grip an object
  • Turn a doorknob

Risk Factors of Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow starts to develop due to overuse of elbow muscles. The repetitive motions cause tiny tears in the tendons that attach muscles to the bones. Common causes of tennis elbow are:

  • Use of plumbing tools
  • Use of the backhand stroke with poor technique
  • Cutting up cooking ingredients, particularly meat
  • Painting
  • Driving screws
  • Repetitive computer mouse use



Some factors that increase your risks of tennis elbow are:

  • Age: Tennis elbow can affect people of all ages; however, it is most common in adults between the ages of 30 and 50.
  • Occupation: Occupation is another factor that increases the risk of tennis elbow. People who have jobs that involve repetitive motions of the wrist and arm are mostly affected by the tennis elbow.
  • Certain Sports: Some sports such as racket sports increase your chances of developing tennis elbow due to poor stroke technique.

Tennis Elbow Complications

A few of the complications that are observed due to tennis elbow are:

  • Rupturing of the tendons with repeated steroid injections
  • Recurrence of the injury with overuse
  • Failure to treat with multiple operations or non-operative treatments.
  • Nerve impairment can also hinder the treatment.


  • You can strengthen your wrist and forearm muscles by proper exercise and stretching.
  • Avoid using the same hand and arm repetitively. Try to wear braces and take breaks during work or sports.
  • Before sports warm-up and stretch.
  • Avoid twisting your wrist during work.
  • Avoid sharp and jerky movements, instead follow smooth ones.
  • Use tools that have bigger grips. Try to wear gloves or paddings during work.
  • Use paddings while using a hammer to absorb shock.
  • Use your whole lower body to put power into your stroke, not just your arm.

Treatment of Tennis Elbow | When to Consult a Doctor

Your doctor will diagnose tennis elbow in the following way:

  • Physical Examination: The doctor inquires about the symptoms and causes. During the exam, different parts of the arm are checked for pain. The arm, wrist or fingers are moved in different ways. In case of any other complications, the doctor may recommend other imaging tests.
  • Electromyography: Through this, damage to the nerves is detected. Nerves signalling ability is also determined. This test also checks the electrical activity of your muscles during motion and rest.
  • Imaging Tests: MRI and X-Ray can detect neck or back issues that could be the possible reason for your elbow pain.

Doctors to treat Tennis Elbow

Last updated on Monday 03/10/2022


Dr. Rana M. Tahir

Physiotherapist |

HM Diagnostic CenterRs 1500


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Highly Recommended


Prof. Dr. M. Tariq Sohail

Orthopedic Surgeon | MBBS, Masters in Orthopedics , FRCS , FICS

Doctors HospitalRs 3000


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Dr. Shahzad Anver Qureshi

Orthopedic Surgeon | MBBS, FCPS

Masood HospitalRs 2500


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Highly Recommended

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