Behavioral Disorders

Overview of Behavioral Disorders

Behavioral Disorders Meaning in Urdu

یہ ایک نفسیاتی یا ذہنی بیماری ہے جو کہ بہت سے لوگوں کو متاثر کرتی ہے، حتی کہ یہ بہت بڑی تعداد میں بچوں کو بھی شکار بناتی ہے۔ یہ بیماری لاحق ہونے کی صورت میں مریض کے رویے میں بہت منفی تبدیلی آتی ہے جب کہ اعصاب پر بھی نہایت برے اثرات ظاہر ہوتے ہیں۔ اس کے علاوہ اس بیماری کے شکار افراد اپنی غلطی تسلیم کرنے کے بجائے دوسروں کو الزام دینا شروع کر دیتے ہیں اور ان کے لیے اپنے غصے کو کنٹرول کرنا نہایت مشکل ہو جاتا ہے۔ اس بیماری کا شکار افراد زیادہ دیر مایوس اور اداس بھی رہتے ہیں۔

Behavioral disorders (رویے کی خرابی) are a common medical issue that affects millions of children around the globe. Behavioral disorders tend to affect adults and teens alike. Early diagnosis and on-time treatment are highly important. If left untreated, behavioral disorders can affect a person’s social and work life.

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Signs and Symptoms of Behavioral Disorders

Signs and symptoms of behavioral disorders are as follows:

  • Being angry
  • A passive-aggressive behavior
  • Blaming others for everything
  • Abnormal Behavioural Conduct
  • Questioning the authority or refusing to follow the rules
  • Extreme Tantrum issues
  • Extreme Frustration

Types of Behavioral Disorders

There are five types of behavioral disorders. These are given below:

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Disruptive behavioral disorders
  • Dissociative disorders
  • Emotional disorders
  • Pervasive developmental disorders

Anxiety Disorders (ADHD)

ADHD is a medical condition in which the person is unable to focus and suffers from controlling impulsiveness. ADHD can also make a person overactive. Males are more susceptible to Anxiety disorders.

Emotional Behaviour Disorder

Emotional behaviour disorder tends to affect a person’s ability to stay happy or control their emotions. It also affects a person’s focus to pay attention in school.

Some signs and symptoms of Emotional Behavioural Disorders are:

  • Emotional burst out now and then
  • Difficulty in adapting to the environment
  • Difficulty in maintaining long-term relationships
  • Poor communication skills
  • A feeling of sadness all the time
  • Feelings of fear and anxiety

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

ODD is a medical condition in which a child is annoying, irritating, and hostile toward your affection and care. Children who are suffering from ODD tend to be spiteful or annoying on purpose.


Anxiety is a normal emotion that people tend to feel. But sometimes being anxious interferes with a person’s normal life. This can lead to insomnia and poor performance at work or school. Anxiety if left untreated can lead to severe disorders.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

OCD is a serious type of behavioral disorder that can lead to obsessions. If a person has OCD, they tend to exhibit compulsive and repetitive behaviors that might have serious repercussions. Obsessive-Compulsive disorders, if left untreated can lead to serious health complications.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive illness. It is a severe medical problem that can cause serious mood swings from being overjoyed to extreme anxiety in short time duration.

Causes of Behavioral Disorders

There can be several causes of behavioral disorders. They can be divided into two categories. Such as:

Biological Causes of Behavioural Disorder

  • Physical illness or disability
  • Malnutrition
  • Brain damage
  • Genetic factors

Lifestyle Causes of Behavioural Disorder

  • Emotional stress
  • Divorce
  • Coercion from parents
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
  • Poor attitude towards school or education

Risk Factors of Behavioral Disorders

There are several risk factors associated with behavioral disorders, including:

  • Genetics: A family history of behavioral disorders can increase the likelihood of developing similar conditions.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to violence, neglect, abuse, and other traumatic experiences can increase the risk of behavioral disorders.
  • Brain chemistry: Imbalances in certain brain chemicals, such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine, can lead to behavioral disorders.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as traumatic brain injury, epilepsy, and infections, can increase the risk of behavioral disorders.
  • Substance abuse: Use of drugs or alcohol can alter brain chemistry and increase the risk of developing behavioral disorders.
  • Lack of social support: Social isolation and lack of support from family and friends can increase the risk of behavioral disorders.
  • Stress: Chronic stress can have a negative impact on mental health and increase the risk of behavioral disorders.

It's important to note that the presence of risk factors does not necessarily mean that a person will develop a behavioral disorder and that many individuals with behavioral disorders do not have any identifiable risk factors. Additionally, some risk factors may be beyond an individual's control, while others may be addressed through interventions such as therapy or lifestyle changes.



Given below are some preventive measures that can surely help with behavioral disorders.

  • Develop a healthy relationship
  • Try to engage in healthy conversations with your child
  • Explain the consequences of their actions to them loud and clear
  • Develop a proper schedule for your children
  • Praise your children when they exhibit good behavior
  • Teach them how to be more open and acceptable
  • Teach them to control impulsiveness


If your child is exhibiting any one of the above-mentioned symptoms, then you should schedule a visit to a skilled psychologist or psychotherapist. They will further assess your child by engaging them in conversations or therapies.

Treatment of Behavioral Disorders | When to Consult a Doctor

There are two types of treatments for behavioral disorders. They mainly focus on

  • Behavioral treatments such as therapies
  • Medications

Behavioral Treatments

Behavioral treatments are mainly of two types:

  • Parent management training
  • Psychotherapy

Parent management therapy can effectively manage a child’s odd behavior. When started in the early years it can produce effective results. You can access parent management therapy with the help of skilled psychologists and therapists.

Your therapists can also recommend you individual therapy or family therapy to properly manage behavioral disorders. Therapy can help an individual to spell out their issues in multiple sittings so that the root cause of the problem can be identified.


The primary healthcare advisor can plan out a strategic medical chart so that behavioral disorders can be treated. These treatments are specifically designed to target behavioral disorders such as ADHD, depression, or anxiety.

Consult a psychologist/psychiatrist if the condition worsens.